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Kivolese [IVO]
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Typology New 286 words Kivolese
Kivöli
[ˈkivøli]
Registered by Bartłomiej Kun on 1 August 2018
Language type A posteriori
Species Human/humanoid
About Kivolese A Finnic language that exists within the same universe where my other conlangs are spoken. A large part of its' vocabulary will consist of loanwords from those conlangs but its' core will remain Finnic. In it's universe it's a language isolate. I thought it would be a really interesting idea to have a conlang which would belong to an existing language family in a conworld where other languages are all a priori.

Features:
-A more rigid vowel harmony than any Finnic language; encompasses the entire word, even if it's a compound (aside from some loanwords), there are no neutral vowels, with "e" and "i" having their respective back-harmony equivalents "õ" and "y" (though the latter is only marginally phonemic). There are no diphthongs comprised of a front and a back part and no diphthongs comprised of a rounded and an unrounded part, aside from "au". Palatalised consonants in back-harmony words are commonly remnants of previous neutral vowels, from times when vowel harmony wasn't as strict.
Sample of KivoleseCan't find any yet.
Latest vocabulary
paladavburn
paladavburn
vüüriävavalanche
Phonology
ConsonantsBilabialLabio-
dental
DentalAlveolarPost-
Alveolar
PalatalVelarGlottal
Nasal m mʲ   n̪ʲ n     ŋ  
Plosive p pʲ   t̪ʲ t     k kʲ ʔ
Fricative   v vʲ ð s s̪ʲ ʃ [ç]1 [çʷ]2 ʝ [x]3 [xʷ]4 h hʲ
Affricate       t͡s t͡s̪ʲ t͡ʃ      
Lateral approximant       l l̪ʲ        
Trill       r r̪ʲ        
  1. Before consonants and optionally at the end of a word, allophone of /hʲ/
  2. Between a rounded vowel and /p/, /k/, /t͡ʃ/, or/r/. Rare, allophone of /hʲ/
  3. Before /k/ /kʲ/, /ŋ/, /r/ and /r̪ʲ/., allophone of /h/
  4. Between a rounded vowel and /k/ or /kʲ/, allophone of /h/
VowelsFrontCentralBack
Close i i: y y: ɨ ɨ: u u:
Close-mid e e: ø ø:   ɤ ɤ: o o:
Near-open æ æ:    
Open     ɑ ɑ:
Polyphthongs æi æe øy ei ie ɑu ɑɨ
ɑɤ ou uo ɨɤ ɤɨ ɤɑ
Orthography
Below is the orthography for Kivolese. This includes all graphemes as defined in the language's phonology settings - excluding the non-distinct graphemes/polygraphs.
 KivoleseOrthography
Aa/ɑ/AA aa/ɑ:/AÕ aõ/ɑɤ/AU au/ɑu/AY ay/ɑɨ/Ää/æ/ÄÄ ää/æ:/ÄE äe/æe/ÄI äi/æi/Õõ/ɤ/ÕA õa/ɤɑ/
ÕÕ õõ/ɤ:/ÕY õy/ɤɨ/Öö/ø/ÖÖ öö/ø:/ÖÜ öü/øy/Üü/y/ÜÖ üö/yø/ÜÜ üü/y:/Cc/t͡s/CJ cj/t͡s̪ʲ/Dd/ð/
Ee/e/EÄ eä/eæ/EE ee/e:/EI ei/ei/Hh/h/, [x]1, [xʷ]2HJ hj/hʲ/, [ç]3, [çʷ]4Ii/i/IÄ iä/iæ/IE ie/ie/II ii/i:/Jj/ʝ/
Kk/k/KJ kj/kʲ/Ll/l/LJ lj/l̪ʲ/Mm/m/MJ mj/mʲ/Nn/n/NG ng/ŋ/NJ nj/n̪ʲ/Oo/o/OO oo/o:/
OU ou/ou/Pp/p/PJ pj/pʲ/Rr/r/RJ rj/r̪ʲ/Ss/s/SJ sj/s̪ʲ/Tt/t/TJ tj/t̪ʲ/Uu/u/UO uo/uo/
UU uu/u:/Vv/v/VJ vj/vʲ/Yy/ɨ/YÕ yõ/ɨɤ/YY yy/ɨ:/Šš/ʃ/Čč/t͡ʃ/
✖ Unknown alphabetical order
  1. Before /k/ /kʲ/, /ŋ/, /r/ and /r̪ʲ/..
  2. Between a rounded vowel and /k/ or /kʲ/.
  3. Before consonants and optionally at the end of a word.
  4. Between a rounded vowel and /p/, /k/, /t͡ʃ/, or/r/. Rare.
Typological information for Kivolese

GendersNone
Phonemic vowel lengthShort/Long
Vowel harmonyFront-back
Vowel harmony scopeWhole word harmony
Vowel harmony exemptionsNo exemptions; all vowels harmonise

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