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Jhenko [JHN]
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Typology New 836 words Jhenko
Jhenko
[d͡ʒenko]*
Registered by RioFutaba on 13 January 2020
Language type A priori
Species Human/humanoid
About Jhenko - A syllabary with its own conscript (which I need to add in at some point).
- Script originally loosely based off Hangul but evolved to something more blockish.
- Vocabulary mostly a mix of English, Spanish, Mandarin, Japanese, Russian, Hindi, and Arabic. I tried to get as many speakers and major language families with as few languages as possible.
- SVO sentence strucure.
- adj-noun word order.
- infinitive verbs have -u ending.
- adjectives have -ko ending. This means Jhenko is literally "wet", but I like to think of it as more of a "waterly" or "water-based".
- pronouns and "will" rarely used except for emphasis.
- 123/SP present/past/future conjugations.
- "hen" is a perfect particle: hen-present = perfect; hen-past = pluperfect; hen-future = future perfect.
- I'll clean this up later, still WIP, but thank you guys for checking it out as it stands though!...
Sample of JhenkoCan't find any yet.
Latest vocabulary
byoadvout
soloadvonly
xunceadvonce
Phonology
ConsonantsBilabialLabio-
dental
DentalAlveolarPost-
Alveolar
VelarGlottal
Nasal m1     n   ŋ2  
Plosive p b     t d   k g  
Fricative   f v θ ð s z ʃ ʒ   h
Affricate       t͡s d͡z t͡ʃ d͡ʒ    
Lateral approximant       l      
Trill       r      
Blends ja je jo ju wa we wi wo
  1. also an allophone of /n/ before labials
  2. allophone of /n/ only as a syllable coda before velars
VowelsFrontNear-
front
CentralNear-
back
Back
Close i i:       u u:
Near-close   ɪ   ʊ  
Close-mid e e:       o o:
Mid     ə    
Open-mid ɛ       ɔ
Near-open æ        
Open a a:        
Polyphthongs ai au ei eu oi ou
Syllable StructureSyllable structure is CV(N) where C is any consonant sound and V is any vowel sound, diphthong, or blend between (/j/ or /w/) and another vowel. N is an optional nasal coda.

Example syllables: zo /zo/; dhye /ðje/; maan /maːn/; fwon /fwon/

Syllable-final /n/ has allophones of /m/ before labials and /ŋ/ before velars.

Due to the way I set this up, syllables such as "twei" or "fyuu" are not possible. "twei" would be transcribed as either "twexi" or "tuxei", and "fyuu" would be transcribed as either "fyuxu" or "fixuu" (traditionally the former for both). Either way, the first set would be pronounced /twei/ and the second set /fjuː/ as if the <x> (null consonant for syllabic consistency) wasn't there.
Stress information<to be decided>

- stress on first syllable most of the time (unless schwa)
- long vowels usually take priority
- stress in loanwords matches stress in the language the loanword is taken from

more as I decide....
Other<x> acts much like syllable-initial ng in Hangul.

Vowels can be a, e, i, o, u, or any combination of two. Duplicate vowels turn the vowels long /aa/ => /aː/. <i> before a vowel turns to /j/ and is written as <y> - <ia> /ia/ => <ya> /ja/. <u> before a vowel turns to /w/ and is written as <w> - <ua> /ua/ => <wa> /wa/. Long vowels override pre-palatalized or pre-labialized vowels - <uu> is written as <uu>, not <wu>, and pronounced /uː/, not /wu/.

Consonant spelling matches IPA except:
<c> as /ts/
<ch> as /tʃ/
<dh> as /ð/
<j> as /dz/
<jh> as /dʒ/
<sh> as /ʃ/
<th> as /θ/
<x> as a null consonant
<y> as /j/
<zh> as /ʒ/

Vowel spelling matches IPA and above vowel rules except:
<ae> as /æ/
<ao> as /ə/; also can act as a null vowel in loanwords (for syllabic consistency)
<ea> as /ɛ/
<eo> as /ɪ/
<oa> as /ɔ/
<oe> as /ʊ/

Long versions of these six vowels are virtually exclusively in loanwords, and even then are extremely rare.
Orthography
Below is the orthography for Jhenko. This includes all graphemes as defined in the language's phonology settings - excluding the non-distinct graphemes/polygraphs.
 JhenkoOrthography
Xx
guroo
//
Hh
ha
/h/
Tt
ta
/t/
Dd
de
/d/
Kk
ka
/k/
Gg
ge
/g/
Pp
pa
/p/
Bb
be
/b/
Th th
tha
/θ/
Dh dh
dhe
/ð/
Ss
sa
/s/
Zz
ze
/z/
Sh sh
sha
/ʃ/
Zh zh
zhe
/ʒ/
Ff
fa
/f/
Vv
ve
/v/
Cc
ca
/t͡s/
Jj
je
/d͡z/
Rr
ra
/r/
Ll
la
/l/
Ch ch
cha
/t͡ʃ/
Jh jh
jhe
/d͡ʒ/
Nn
na
/n/
Mm
ma
/m/1
Aa
a
/a/
Aa aa
aa
/a:/
Ae ae
ae
/æ/
Ai ai
ai
/ai/
Ao ao
ao
/ə/
Au au
au
/au/
Ee
e
/e/
Ea ea
ea
/ɛ/
Ee ee
ee
/e:/
Ei ei
ei
/ei/
Eo eo
eo
/ɪ/
Eu eu
eu
/eu/
Ii
i
/i/
Ya ya
ya
/ja/
Ye ye
ye
/je/
Ii ii
ii
/i:/
Yo yo
yo
/jo/
Yu yu
yu
/ju/
Oo
o
/o/
Oa oa
oa
/ɔ/
Oe oe
oe
/ʊ/
Oi oi
oi
/oi/
Oo oo
oo
/o:/
Ou ou
ou
/ou/
Uu
u
/u/
Wa wa
wa
/wa/
We we
we
/we/
Wi wi
wi
/wi/
Wo wo
wo
/wo/
Uu uu
uu
/u:/
✔ Shown in correct order
  1. also an allophone of /n/ before labials
Typological information for Jhenko

Base counting systemOther
GendersNone
Primary word orderSVO
Syllable structureModerate (CVC max)
Script typeSyllabary

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