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Jutisk [JTS]
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Typology Progressing 31 words Jutisk
Jutisk
[ʒʊtɪtʃ]
Registered by Benjaminmb on 30 June 2019
Language type A posteriori
Place & SpeakersJutisk is spoken by a population of around 4,000 in Estonia.
Species Human/humanoid
About Jutisk
Jutisk

Jutisk is a Germanic language descended from Old High German right before it became Middle High German. It is spoken in Estonia by descendants of Germans who moved there many centuries ago from High-German speaking areas. It is maintained by the Jutisk Preservation Academy, a very conservative body that tries to maintain the more traditional form of the language. As such, the Jutisk spoken by almost everybody has an orthography that is dissimilar to the actual pronunciation.
Sample of Jutisk[view] Immenë mër spreçisë Jutiskën

I speak English
[view all texts]
Latest vocabulary
namënname
kuthunname
árënvhonour
Language family relationships
Language treeGermanic
 ⤷ Proto-Germanic
  ⤷ West Germanic
   ⤷ Old High German
    ⤷  Jutisk
[view] About GermanicThe Germanic languages are a branch of the Indo-European language family spoken natively by a population of approximately 500 million people mainly in North America, Oceania, Western and Northern Europe. Proto-Germanic , which was spoken in approxima...
Phonology
ConsonantsBilabialLabio-
dental
DentalAlveolarPost-
Alveolar
PalatalLabio-
velar
VelarGlottal
Nasal m     n       ŋ  
Plosive p b     t d       k g  
Fricative ɸ: f v θ θ: s z   ç   x: h
Affricate         t͡ʃ d͡ʒ        
Lateral approximant       l          
Approximant       ɹ   j w    
Blends nj
VowelsFrontNear-
front
CentralNear-
back
Back
Close i: y y:   ɨ   u:
Near-close   ɪ   ʊ  
Close-mid e e: ø:       o:
Open-mid ɛ       ɔ
Near-open æ:        
Open a       ɑ:
Orthography
Below is the orthography for Jutisk. This includes all graphemes as defined in the language's phonology settings - excluding the non-distinct graphemes/polygraphs.
 JutiskOrthography
Aa/a/Áá/ɑ:/Bb/b/Çç/ç/CH ch/x:/Dd/d/Ee/e/EU eu/y/Éé/e:/Ëë/ɛ/
ËÍ ëí/ɨ/Ff/f/Gg/g/GN gn/nj/Hh/h/Ii/ɪ/Íí/i:/Jj/j/Kk/k/Ll/l/
Mm/m/Nn/n/NG ng/ŋ/Oo/ɔ/Óó/o:/Pp/p/PF pf/ɸ:/QU qu/k/Rr/ɹ/Ss/s/
Tt/t/TH th/θ:/Uu/ʊ/Úú/u:/Vv/v/Ww/w/Xx/t͡ʃ/Zz/θ/, /z/
✔ Shown in correct order
    Latest 8 related articles listed below.
    Jutisk Samples 09-Jul-19 11:18
    Jutisk Grammar
    Conjugation and declension
    09-Jul-19 11:16
    Jutisk Syntax
    Word order, et cetera. Not all strictly syntax
    04-Jul-19 04:56
    Jutisk Sound Changes 03-Jul-19 05:21
    Jutisk Pronunciation, Orthography, and Sound Changes
    A guide to one of the most confusing sides of Jutisk.
    01-Jul-19 17:43
    Typological information for Jutisk

    Pronoun dropping?Yes
    Pronoun persons1st/2nd/3rd/4th persons
    ReflexivesPronoun
    Relative clause headRelative pronoun
    Relative clause morphologyRelative particle/affix

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