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Polarian [KCR]
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Typology Progressing 592 words
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Polarian
Kochärrön
[kótʃæ̌rːɐn]
Registered by krikkitbot on 28 December 2018
Language type Artistic Language (Artlang)
Place & SpeakersPolarian is spoken in Polaris Four.
Species Human/humanoid
About Polarian Polarian (also known as Kochärrön) is a language native to Polaris Four and is the de facto official language of the Republic of Polaris. It is also spoken (in various dialects) in Polarian communities on other planets, and it is widely used as a lingua franca in interstellar communications.

The native name of Kochärrön (pronounced /kótʃæ̌rːɐn/) is derived from an Old Polarian (spoken on Polaris Three; now extinct) term meaning "colony-speak", which was originally a pejorative term for the dialect emerging on the then-colony of Polaris Four. The colonists, instead of taking this as an insult, embraced Kochärrön as a name for their dialect, which helped to reinforce a sense of cultural identity distinct from the former capital on Polaris Three. Over time, the Kochärrön dialect of Polaris Four developed into its own separate language, and it eventually superseded the old language as the national language of Polaris after Polaris Three was rendered uninhabitable.

Linguistically, Polarian is notable for its tonal system, which (among native speakers) involves the use of secondary, ultrasonic vocal chords. Non-native speakers may try to approximate Polarian tones in the modal register, though many non-native speakers who lack ultrasonic hearing ignore the tone contrasts entirely, due to their inability to perceive them in native speech.

Other linguistic features worth noting are that Polarian is an inflectional VSO language with some flexibility in word order. Nouns are classified into two genders (masculine and feminine) and marked for case (nominative, genitive, accusative, or dative). Verbs are marked for TAM only and lack marking for noun-agreement.
Sample of Polarian[view] Osha yotehat ki si? Ni ne ma si?

Is this what you want? Yes... or no?
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Latest vocabulary
mashuvcatch fire
mashuvburn
mashuvstart a fire
Language family relationships
[view] Sirian Kochärrön (Sigma-Alpha Polarian)Sigma-Alpha Polarian, known also as Sirian Polarian or Sirius Polarian, refers to the dialects spoken by the Polarian diaspora in the Sigma Alpha sector, which most notably includes the Democratic Federation of Sirius and Procyon (aka Sirius).

It is a partial dual-tone dialect; it has a level-rising contrast in the modal voice and a high-rising-neutral contrast in the "high voice" (secondary vocal chords).

SA Polarian is normally written with the Galactic Standard alphabet.
Phonology
ConsonantsBilabialLabio-
dental
DentalAlveolarPost-
Alveolar
PalatalVelarUvularGlottal
Nasal m [ɱ]1   n     [ŋ]2    
Plosive p b     t d     k [g]3   ʔ4
Fricative   f [v]5 θ [ð]6 s [z]7 ʃ [ʒ]8     χ h
Affricate   p̪f   t͡s d͡z t͡ʃ d͡ʒ        
Lateral approximant       l          
Approximant           j ɰ    
Trill       r9          
  1. allophone of /m/
  2. allophone of /n/
  3. allophone of /k/
  4. also occurs epenthetically
  5. allophone of /f/
  6. allophone of /θ/
  7. allophone of /s/
  8. allophone of /ʃ/
  9. free variation with /ɾ/
VowelsFrontNear-
front
CentralNear-
back
Back
Close i       u
Near-close   [ɪ]1   [ʊ]2  
Close-mid e       o
Mid     [ə]3    
Near-open æ   [ɐ]4    
Open a       ɑ
  1. allophone of /i/
  2. allophone of /u/
  3. allophone of /e/, /o/, and /æ/
  4. allophone of /a/ and /ɑ/
Orthography
Below is the orthography for Polarian. This includes all graphemes as defined in the language's phonology settings - excluding the non-distinct graphemes/polygraphs.
 PolarianOrthography
'/ʔ/1Aa/a/Ää/æ/Öö/ɑ/Bb/b/CH ch/t͡ʃ/Dd/d/Ee/e/Ff/f/GH gh/ɰ/
Hh/h/Ii/i/Jj/d͡ʒ/Kk/k/Ll/l/Mm/m/Nn/n/Oo/o/Pp/p/PF pf/p̪f/
Rr/r/2Ss/s/SH sh/ʃ/Tt/t/TH th/θ/TS ts/t͡s/Uu/u/Xx/χ/Yy/j/Zz/d͡z/
✖ Unknown alphabetical order
  1. also occurs epenthetically
  2. free variation with /ɾ/
Typological information for Polarian

Base counting systemOctal (8)
Inclusive/exclusive pronounsDistinct forms
Morphological typologyAgglutinative
Primary word orderVSO
OptativeDedicated verb conjugation

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