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Kampanamgapay [KPG]
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Typology Progressing 297 words
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Kampanamgapay
Dyiwa kampanamgapay
[ˈd͡ʒiwɐ kɐmpɐnɐmɐŋɐˈpaj]
Registered by [Deactivated User] on 18 November 2018
Language type Artistic Language (Artlang)
Species Human/humanoid
About Kampanamgapay
The Kampanamgapay Language (Kampanamgapay [kɐmpɐnɐmɐŋɐˈpaj]) is a minority language spoken by around 3,800 in Mikyo, primarily in the Outermost Islands County, used by the nation's Indigenous Yaeyamas. Kampanamgapay is the last surviving member of the Yaeyama branch of Austronesian Languages, and is classified as an endangered language. Kampanamgapay is an official language of the Outermost Islands County and a recognized minority language in Ishigagi and Gullu.

Kampanamgapay is related to other Austronesian languages such as Tagalog and the Formosan Languages, and thus shares many features with other languages in the family, such as Austronesian Alignment, reduplication, and a moderately small consonant inventory. Kampanamgapay is written with the Latin Alphabet, which was introduced by Spanish missionaries. Though used less commonly today than historically, it is still spoken in ethnic enclaves of Indigenous Yaeyamas and in some churches and schools in the Outermost Islands County.

Sample of Kampanamgapay[view] Mumakaka ku dyiwa kampanamgapay

I speak English
[view all texts]
Latest vocabulary
Ayaadpemphatic particle
Ambenkasyongnhappening
Language family relationships
Language treeAustronesian
 ⤷ Proto-Austronesian
  ⤷ Malayo-Polynesian
   ⤷ Yaeyama
    ⤷  Kampanamgapay
[view] About AustronesianThe Austronesian languages are a language family widely dispersed throughout the islands of Southeast Asia, Madagascar and the Pacific, with a few members on continental Asia, that are spoken by about 386 million people. A German scholar, Wilhelm Sch...
[edit] [view] Hatuma Gelag (Hatuma Dialect)No summary available for this dialect.
[edit] [view] Habuan Gelag (Outermost Islands Dialect)No summary available for this dialect.
Phonology
ConsonantsBilabialLabio-
dental
DentalAlveolarPost-
Alveolar
PalatalLabio-
velar
VelarGlottal
Nasal m     n   [ɲ]1   ŋ  
Plosive p b     [t]2 d       [k]3 ʔ
Fricative   v4 [ð]5 s [z]6 [ʃ]7 [ʒ]8       h
Affricate         [t͡ʃ]9 [d͡ʒ]10        
Lateral approximant       l          
Approximant           j11 [w]12    
Flap       [ɾ]13          
Blends [ŋ͡m]14 [t͡p]15 [k͡p]16 [n͡m]17
  1. Before /j/, allophone of /n/
  2. Before /i/, /e/, allophone of /k/
  3. In Free Variation with /t/, allophone of /t/
  4. In free variation with /w/
  5. Intervocallic alternative to /z̺/, allophone of /s/
  6. In free Variation with /j/, allophone of /j/
  7. Before /j/, allophone of /ʃ/
  8. Before /j/, occurs intervocallically, allophone of /s/
  9. Before /j/, allophone of /k/
  10. Before /j/, allophone of /d/
  11. In free variation with /z/
  12. In free variation with /v/, allophone of /v/
  13. Intervocalic, allophone of /l/
  14. Coda, after /o/, /u/, or following other labiovelars, allophone of /ŋ/
  15. Coda, after /o/, /u/, or following other labiodentals, allophone of /k/
  16. Coda, after /o/, /u/, or following other labiovelars, allophone of /k/
  17. Coda, after /o/, /u/, allophone of /n/
VowelsFrontNear-
front
CentralNear-
back
Back
Close i       u
Near-close   [ɪ]1   [ʊ]2  
Close-mid e       o
Mid     [ə]3    
Open-mid [ɛ]4       [ʌ]5 [ɔ]6
Near-open     [ɐ]7    
Open     ä    
  1. Unstressed, allophone of /i/
  2. Unstressed, allophone of /u/
  3. Unstressed, allophone of /ä/
  4. Unstressed, allophone of /e/
  5. Unstressed, allophone of /ä/
  6. Unstressed, allophone of /o/
  7. Unstressed, allophone of /ä/
Orthography
Below is the orthography for Kampanamgapay. This includes all graphemes as defined in the language's phonology settings - excluding the non-distinct graphemes/polygraphs.
 KampanamgapayOrthography [edit]
Aa/ä/, [ə]1, [ɐ]2, [ʌ]3Bb/b/Dd/d/Ee/e/, [ɛ]4Gg/j/5, [z]6Hh/h/Ii/i/, [ɪ]7Kk/k/8, [k]9, [t]10, [t͡p]11, [t]12, [k͡p]13, [ʔ]14Ll/l/, [ɾ]15Mm/m/
Nn/n/, [n͡m]16NG ng/ŋ/, [ŋ͡m]17Oo/o/, [ɔ]18Pp/p/Ss/s/, [h]19, [ð]20Uu/u/, [ʊ]21Ww/v/22, [w]23Yy/j/ʻ/ʔ/
✖ Unknown alphabetical order [change]
  1. Unstressed
  2. Unstressed
  3. Unstressed
  4. Unstressed
  5. In free variation with /z/
  6. In free Variation with /j/
  7. Unstressed
  8. Before /a/, /ɐ~ʌ~ə/
  9. In Free Variation with /t/
  10. Before /i/, /e/
  11. Coda, after /o/, /u/, or following other labiodentals
  12. In Free Variation with /k/
  13. Coda, after /o/, /u/, or following other labiovelars
  14. Coda
  15. Intervocalic
  16. Coda, after /o/, /u/
  17. Coda, after /o/, /u/, or following other labiovelars
  18. Unstressed
  19. Coda
  20. Intervocallic alternative to /z̺/
  21. Unstressed
  22. In free variation with /w/
  23. In free variation with /v/
Latest 8 related articles listed below.
Indigenous Yaeyama People
先住的八重山人民
26-Sep-22 06:10
Indigenism in Mikyo
先住主義
22-Apr-20 19:37
Typological information for Kampanamgapay

Primary directional systemAbsolute elevation (up/downhill...)
Noun numbersSingular/Plural
Inclusive/exclusive pronounsDistinct forms
Primary word orderTopic-Comment

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