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Kavrinian [KVN]
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LotM Winner CWSP Lang Typology Functional 22,832 words
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Registered by [Deactivated User] on 30 September 2015
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Language type A priori
Place & SpeakersSpoken in: LhavresOfficial Na Khélí Official Norgasek RepublicRegional UraborRegional KuthaltumMinority EtleiseMinority
Species Human/humanoid
About Kavrinian The Kavrinian language is the most widely spoken language in Lhavres and serves as a lingua franca among the nation's many peoples. It originated as a language spoken by the avian Kavrinhäk (specifically those of the Kav tribe), however humans in the region began using the language as well due to the popularity of the Kavrinhë religion among human populations in the region.

Grammatical features:
- OVS/SOV basic word order
- postpositions
- moderately agglutinating
- nominative-accusative alignment
- four cases, three numbers(singular, paucal, plural) on nouns
- animate/inanimate distinction
- inflected definiteness
- alienability distinction on possessions
- adjective agreements based on animacy, case and number
- aspect-based tense-aspect system
- highly regular conjugation with few irregular verbs.
- three levels of evidentiality: witnessed, inferred, reported

It is said that proto-Konaaczinhaa had SOV word order, and the OVS order in Kavrinian is a result from language contact with verb-initial Theweric languages.

Click here for features of Kavrinian listed in CALS:

Click here to download the reference grammar for Kavrinian.
Sample of Kavrinian[view] kagna nhï gänvi gänelër nevi, nhëna a yovi husër nevi.

There are birds flying in the sky; there are beasts walking on the ground.
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Latest vocabulary
Sound samples in Kavrinian
Some sound samples of Kavrinian. Maximum of 6 shown. Click the links to see the full texts.
Tsulh unër vol lïč gešorër yorvan a giirëk lïč yelnek nesvi. Ötën lïč töönraczën ëč vyonče nevi lïč ...
All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and con...
tïïšvyagën lič vovyagën të ceegves toy ves.
A language is a dialect with an army and navy.
Language family relationships
Language treeKonaaczinhaa
 ⤷ Proto-Konaaczinhaa
  ⤷ Forest Konaaczinhaa
   ⤷ Central Forest
    ⤷ Ancient Kav
     ⤷ Old Kav
      ⤷ Middle Kav
       ⤷  Kavrinian
[view] About KonaaczinhaaThe Konaaczinhaa language family encompasses languages originating around the region of Kzonaacza, the second-largest and oldest continuously inhabited city in Lhavres. All but three languages of the family are extinct today due to the wide spread of...
Nasal       ɲ ŋ    
Plosive   t   c k   ʔ
Fricative v1 s z ʃ ç ʝ x ɣ   h ɦ
Affricate   t͡s t͡ʃ        
Lateral approximant   l     ʟ    
Approximant       j      
Trill   r       ʀ  
  1. Kavrinhäk pronounce this with a low, sustained chirp.
Close i i:     ɯ ɯ:
Near-close   ɪ ɪ:    
Close-mid e e:     ɤ ɤ:
Mid     ə ə:  
Open-mid       ʌ ʌ:
Near-open æ æ:      
Open       ɑ ɑ:
Below is the orthography for Kavrinian. This includes all graphemes as defined in the language's phonology settings - excluding the non-distinct graphemes/polygraphs.
 KavrinianOrthography [edit]
'/ʔ/-//Aa/ɑ/Ää/æ/Čč/t͡ʃ/Cc/c/CS cs/ç/CZ cz/ʝ/Ee/e/Ëë/ə/Ǧǧ/ɦ/
Gg/ɣ/Hh/h/Ïï/ɪ/Ii/i/Kk/k/Ll/l/LH lh/ʟ/Nn/ɲ/NH nh/ŋ/Oo/ɤ/Öö/ʌ/
Qq/x/Rr/r/RH rh/ʀ/Šš/ʃ/Ss/s/Tt/t/TS ts/t͡s/Uu/ɯ/Vv/v/1Yy/j/Zz/z/
✖ Unknown alphabetical order [change]
  1. Kavrinhäk pronounce this with a low, sustained chirp.
Latest 8 related articles listed below.
LotM - Apr 19: Kavrinian
April is here, and so is one of the most staggeringly large ...
25-Nov-19 13:24
"to have" in Kavrinian 18-Jan-19 15:38
Numerals in Kavrinian 05-Sep-18 20:48
Possessive in Kavrinian 05-Sep-18 20:37
Use of kay/toy/ne/ha 18-Jul-18 01:41
Typological information for Kavrinian

Adposition head-directionalityHead final
Unmarked evidentialDirect/witness/firsthand
Primary word orderOVS
Stress marked?No
Script typeAlphabet

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