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Middle Kwang [MKW]
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LotM Winner Typology Progressing 910 words Middle Kwang
wa kwang
[wá kwáŋ]
Registered by dendana on 26 December 2018
+ shared with: Qollab
Language type Proto-Conlang
Species Human/humanoid
About Middle Kwang Spoken circa 800 CE in Qonklaks. The ancestor of  Standard Kwang and a daughter of  Proto-Kwang, making it a Ngerupic language.

Still more analytic than its proto-languages, it has changed the mixed noun class/classifier system of Proto-Kwang to be a pure classifier system and has simplified the vestiges of case and alienability in the pronoun system. (Check out the grammar article for more info!)

There are four 'registers' which combine pitch, length and phonation into a single tone category for each vowel they are applied to. These ultimately derive from the two tones of  Wa Ñi as well as final consonants, with the glottal stop generally creating the <ã> register and other stops becoming glottal stops, creating the register. (There are other complicated changes too involving syllable onset voicing and tone sequences applied to a single vowel.)

àLow risingLongModal
aqLowShortStiff, ends in glottal stop

Middle Kwang features a set of pronouns which differ based not just on person and number, but also on formality and status. Each one also has both alienable and inalienable possessive forms. For example, if you were talking to a friend casually, you'd call yourself thàw, but if you were talking to a parent, you'd use mỳj instead, and if you were talking to a younger sibling, you'd use ng (no vowel in that last one).

The syntax is mostly SVO, with a few TAM/topic particles known as 'second-position particles' since they follow the first noun phrase. Other grammatical information is expressed as clause-final particles, adverbs, or auxiliaries. However, the topic of the sentence may be moved to the beginning.
Sample of Middle Kwang[view] Aq nji du ñi thi, we tang nga.

They kept quiet, afraid of being heard.
[view all texts]
Latest vocabulary
phyng tshùngunpowder
zang raq tsenuniverse
Language family relationships
Language treeNgerupic
 ⤷  Oã' Ñi
  ⤷  Wa Ñi
   ⤷  Proto-Kwang
    ⤷  Middle Kwang
[view] About NgerupicA large language family from the northern Big Continent of the Aay world / from former Sharkunen in Sahar.
Named for Wa Ñi ŋèrup(a) 'people'.
Nasal m m̥ n n̥   ɲ ɲ̥   ŋ ŋ̥  
Plosive p pʰ b t tʰ d       k kʰ g ʔ
Fricative   s z ɕ       h
Affricate   t͡s t͡sʰ t͡ɕ t͡ɕʰ d͡ʑ        
Lateral approximant   l l̥          
Approximant   ɹ   j w w̥    
Close i ḭ i᷅   u ṵ u᷅
Close-mid e ḛ e᷅   o o̰ o᷅
Mid   ə ə̰ ə᷅  
Open-mid ɛ ɛ̰ ɛ᷅   ɔ ɔ̰ ɔ᷅
Open a a̰ a᷅    
Below is the orthography for Middle Kwang. This includes all graphemes as defined in the language's phonology settings - excluding the non-distinct graphemes/polygraphs.
 Middle KwangOrthography
Aa/a/Àà/a᷅/Ãã/a̰/AJ aj/ɛ/ÀJ àj/ɛ᷅/ÃJ ãj/ɛ̰/AW aw/ɔ/ÀW àw/ɔ᷅/ÃW ãw/ɔ̰/Bb/b/
Čč/t͡ɕ/ČH čh/t͡ɕʰ/Dd/d/Ee/e/Èè/e᷅/Ẽẽ/ḛ/Gg/g/Hh/h/Ii/i/Ìì/i᷅/
Ĩĩ/ḭ/Jj/j/Kk/k/KH kh/kʰ/Ll/l/LH lh/l̥/Mm/m/MH mh/m̥/Nn/n/NH nh/n̥/
NG ng/ŋ/NGH ngh/ŋ̥/Ññ/ɲ/ÑH ñh/ɲ̥/Oo/o/Òò/o᷅/Õõ/o̰/Pp/p/PH ph/pʰ/Qq/ʔ/
Rr/ɹ/Ss/s/Šš/ɕ/Tt/t/TH th/tʰ/TS ts/t͡s/TSH tsh/t͡sʰ/Uu/u/Ùù/u᷅/Ũũ/ṵ/
Ww/w/WH wh/w̥/Yy/ə/Ỳỳ/ə᷅/Ỹỹ/ə̰/Zz/z/Žž/d͡ʑ/
✔ Shown in correct order
    Latest 8 related articles listed below.
    Kwang Logogram List 05-Jan-20 05:15
    Middle Kwang to Standard Kwang
    sound changes
    06-Aug-19 06:57
    Kwang Radical List 15-Jul-19 13:11
    LotM - Jun 19: Middle Kwang
    June marks our second Ngerupic language of the month, dendan...
    05-Jun-19 03:26
    Middle Kwang Grammar
    when analytic is complex
    20-Jan-19 01:28
    From Proto-Kwang to Middle Kwang
    sound changes
    27-Dec-18 16:19
    Typological information for Middle Kwang

    Morphological typologyAnalytical
    Primary word orderSVO
    Script typeLogographic

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