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Mikyoan [MKY]
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LotM Winner Typology Functional 3,329 words
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메이걩껴 (美京語)
Registered by [Deactivated User] on 19 June 2017
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Language type Artistic Language (Artlang)
Species Human/humanoid
About Mikyoan

Mikyoan is a Japonic Language spoken in the Yaeyama Archipelago by a population of around 5,600,000 as well as by more speakers in the Mikyoan Diaspora, primarily in urban areas in the United States and Canada. As a member of the Japonic Language Family, Mikyoan shares many similarities to the Japanese language and the other Ryukyuan Languages.

Mikyoan features sentence and word-final particles, SOV word order, and a variety of ideophones. As an agglutinative language, verbs tend to stack several affixes to change and emphasize their meaning in a sentence. Though typically considered SOV, word order is relatively flexible and can be altered to a great extent as long as the verb is placed at the end of the sentence. Mikyoan also conjugates verbs differently for politeness and honorifics, and basic vocabulary can also be changed to speak more formally or honorifically.

Mikyoan vocabulary features a large number of loanwords from Chinese and English, and many words can come in pairs of a Native Mikyoan word, a Chinese loanword, and an English loanword, each of which can be used in different contexts and to varying extents.

Sample of Mikyoan[view] 椰훠持쿠기두시갈라蟹가椰子樹메이登타마

The crabs climb the palm trees to grab the coconuts!
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Latest vocabulary
Language family relationships
Language treeJaponic
 ⤷ Proto-Japonic
  ⤷ Ryukyuan
   ⤷ Western Ryukyuan
    ⤷  Medieval Mikyoan
     ⤷  Mikyoan
[view] About JaponicThe Japonic language family includes the Japanese language spoken on the main islands of Japan as well as the Ryukyuan languages spoken in the Ryukyu Islands. The family is widely accepted by linguists, and the term "Japonic languages" was coined by ...
[edit] [view] 新城島方言 (Allagusugu Dialect)Allagusugu Dialect (新城島方言, allagusugushimma puang-ngyang) is a dialect of Mikyoan spoken on the islands which make up Allagusugu county. It is considered part of the Central Mikyoan Dialects and it is largely influenced by American English, Tagalog, and Korean due to the large number of foreign expats who live in the county. Due to the US military presence in Allagusugu, the dialect includes a large number of American English loanwords, calques, and phrases in everyday use.
[edit] [view] 小浜島方言 (Gohama Dialect)Gohama Dialect (小浜方言, gohama puang-ngyang) is a dialect of Mikyoan spoken on Gohama Island and by few small communities on several other neighbouring islands. Gohama Dialect is influenced by Portuguese, Hokkien, and Taiwanese Mandarin. Gohama Dialect tends to be more phonologically complex than other dialects of Mikyoan. Gohama Dialect is less commonly spoken today in comparison to several decades ago, however, today it is still commonly understood by most Mikyoans who live in Gohama.
[edit] [view] 黒島市方言 (Gullu City Dialect)Gullu City Dialect (黒島市方言, gullushima-shi puang-ngyang) is a dialect of Mikyoan spoken on Gullu Island, particularly in lower income communities and more urbanized areas. Similar to Ishigagi City Dialect, Gullu City Dialect is a fairly recent innovation. Gullu City Dialect was first recorded in the 1940's and since has become a distinct dialect of Mikyoan. Gullu City Dialect is more influenced by modern forms of Japanese and English than other dialects and is very divergent phonologically.
[edit] [view] 西表島方言 (Illyomotei Dialect)Illyomotei Dialect (西表島方言, illyomotei puang-ngyang) is a dialect of Mikyoan spoken on Illyomotei Island, and the second most spoken Mikyoan dialect. Illyomotei Dialect is particularly popular for its rivalry with Ishigagi City Dialect, which is the most spoken dialect with slighly more speakers. Illyomotei Dialect is more innovative than other dialects in some regards, and more conservative than others in other areas.
[edit] [view] 石垣市方言 (Ishigagi City Dialect)Ishigagi City Dialect (石垣市方言, ishigagi-shi puang-ngyang) is a dialect of Mikyoan spoken on Ishigagi Island, particularly in more Urban Areas. Ishigagi City Dialect is a fairly recent innovation, having only really appeared in the 1950's and 1960's in the heart of Ishigagi City, diverging from Standard Miykoan which it was once the base for. Under the Yobosu Dictatorship the dialect was suppressed for being a 'bastardization' of Mikyoan and its English Loans, however has managed to survive today
[edit] [view] LGBTQ+俚語 (Mikyoan LGBTQ+ Vernacular)Mikyoan LGBTQ+ Vernacular is a relatively new innovation, only appearing during the late 1960s in Mikyo, starting on Ishigagi and later spreading to other LGBTQ+ communities on the other islands. Mikyoan LGBTQ+ Vernacular is practically identical to Standard Mikyoan, however with words and phrases which are coded for use by LGBTQ+ peoples without detection from cisheterosexual people and institutions.
[edit] [view] 外離島方言 (Sotobangnalli Dialect)Sotobangnalli Dialect (外離島方言, sotopanashima-puangngyang) is a Mikyoan Dialect spoken on the island of Sotobangnalli, which is in Illyomotei County. Sotobangnalli Dialect shares many similarities with other Far Eastern Mikyoan Dialects, such as preservation of the Middle Mikyoan tonal system, merger of voiced and unvoiced plosives, and more conservative grammar than Dialects. Today, Sotobangnalli Dialect is less common than in the past, but it is still used by some older residents of the island.
[edit] [view] 竹富島方言 (Taketomei Dialect)Taketomei Dialect (竹富島方言, taketomei-jima puangngyang) is a Western Mikyoan Dialect spoken on the island county of Taketomei by roughly 40,000 speakers. It is closely related to the Ishigagi Dialects, but is also distinct, especially phonologically, as it is more conservative in some ways and more innovative in other ways. The dialect is often considered to be stereotypically "rural sounding," due to the county's past as an agricultural center and as a suburb of Ishigagi.
[edit] [view] 與那國島言 (Yongnagumei Dialect)Yongagumei Dialect (與那國島言, yeongnagumei puang-ngyang) is a dialect of Mikyoan spoken on the island Yongagumei. Yongagumei Dialect is the most divergent of the Mikyoan dialects, and is difficult to understand for speakers of other Mikyoan dialects, even speakers who speak dialects of closer islands. Due to the island's relative isolation, grammatically it is the most conservative dialect and closest to Mideival Mikyoan, however in phonology it is the most divergent of any of the dialects.
Nasal m n       ŋ  
Plosive p [p̚]1 b [ᵐb]2 t [t̚]3 d [ⁿd]4       k [k̚]5 g [ᵑg]6  
Fricative [ɸ]7 s [z]8 [ɕ]9 [ʑ]10 [ç]11   x [h]12
Affricate   t͡s [d͡z]13 t͡ɕ d͡ʑ        
Lateral approximant   [l]14          
Approximant   ɹ   j w    
Flap   [ɾ]15          
Blends ji [jɤ]16 jo je wo we
wi [jy]17
  1. allophone of /b/
  2. Occurs in word intial positions, allophone of /m/
  3. allophone of /t/
  4. Occurs in word intial positions, allophone of /n/
  5. allophone of /g/
  6. Occurs in word intial positions, allophone of /ŋ/
  7. Occurs before /ɯ/, allophone of /x/
  8. Intervocalic alternative to /s/, allophone of /s/
  9. Occurs before /i/ and /j/, allophone of /s/
  10. Intervocalic alternative to [ɕ], allophone of /s/
  11. Occurs before /i/, allophone of /x/
  12. Occurs in some dialects or in relaxed speech, allophone of /x/
  13. Intervocalic alternative to /t͡s/, allophone of /t͡s/
  14. Coda allophone of /ɹ~ɾ/, allophone of /ɹ/
  15. In free variation with /ɹ/, allophone of /ɹ/
  16. allophone of /jʌ/
  17. allophone of /jɯ/
Close i [y]1   ɯ
Close-mid   [ɤ]2
Open-mid ɛ   ʌ
Open   ä  
Polyphthongs ɯj
  1. allophone of /ɯ/
  2. allophone of /ʌ/
Below is the orthography for Mikyoan. This includes all graphemes as defined in the language's phonology settings - excluding the non-distinct graphemes/polygraphs.
 MikyoanOrthography [edit]
/g/, [k̚]
/ŋ/, [ᵑg]1
/n/, [ⁿd]2
/d/, [t̚]
/ɹ/, [l]3, [ɾ]4
/m/, [ᵐb]5
/b/, [p̚]
/s/, [z]6, [ɕ]7, [ʑ]8
/t͡s/, [d͡z]9
/k/, [k̚]
/t/, [t̚]
/p/, [p̚]
/x/, [ɸ]10, [ç]11, [h]12
/jʌ/, [ɤ], [jɤ]
/jɯ/, [y], [jy]
/i/, /ji/
✖ Unknown alphabetical order [change]
  1. Occurs in word intial positions
  2. Occurs in word intial positions
  3. Coda allophone of /ɹ~ɾ/
  4. In free variation with /ɹ/
  5. Occurs in word intial positions
  6. Intervocalic alternative to /s/
  7. Occurs before /i/ and /j/
  8. Intervocalic alternative to [ɕ]
  9. Intervocalic alternative to /t͡s/
  10. Occurs before /ɯ/
  11. Occurs before /i/
  12. Occurs in some dialects or in relaxed speech
Latest 8 related articles listed below.
Chinese Mikyoans
03-Nov-22 20:52
Yongnagumei City and County
02-Oct-22 05:54
Pacific Islander Mikyoans
26-Sep-22 06:37
Women in Mikyo
26-Sep-22 06:31
Indigenous Yaeyama People
26-Sep-22 06:10
Gullu City Dialect
25-Sep-22 07:43
Allagusugu Dialect
22-Apr-20 19:39
Sotobangnalli Dialect
22-Apr-20 19:38
Typological information for Mikyoan

Demonstrative proximityDistal/Medial/Proximal
Noun numbersNo numbers
Vowel harmonyFront-back
Primary writing systemMultiple scripts used
Script typeCombination of systems

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