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Mikyoan [MKY]
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Typology Functional 2,915 words
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Mikyoan
美京語 (메이걩껴)
[me̞i.gjɛŋ.ŋjɤ]
Registered by StrawberryMilk on 19 June 2017
+ shared with: BananaMilk
Language type Artistic Language (Artlang)
Place & SpeakersMikyoan is spoken by a population of 5,146,982 in Mikyo and the Mikyoan Diaspora.
Species Human/humanoid
About Mikyoan
Mikyo (美京語, [me̞i.gjɛŋ.ŋjɤ]) is an East Asian language spoken by around 5.1 million speakers in the Greater Mikyo Area on the Yaeyama Islands, several nearby islands, and by small communities in Japan, Taiwan, South Korea, Mainland China, Saudi Arabia, Canada, and the United States. Mikyo is a member of the Japonic Family and is related to the Japanese language and disputably to Ainu and Koreanic languages (however these relations are very controversial.) Occasionally it has been grouped with Japanese into the Austronesian Family.

Mikyo is an agglutinating language, mostly due to its relation to Japanese but also due to heavy Koreanic and Indigenous influence. The language is written in Hangul (known as 한굴 [häŋ.ŋɯl] in Mikyo). Some of Mikyoan's features include SOV word order, particles, postpositions, evidentiality, a large number of affixes, inclusive/exclusive distinction in plural first person pronouns, and an absence of noun numbers.

Exists alongside  Kampanamgapay,  Yongnagumei, and  Gousifa-ngyy (among others). Part of the Ryukyusphere, alongside  Higashikan,  Kuingkó Nguii,  Penghu, and others.

Sample of Mikyoan[view] 通告가居갈라僕가来시싸:샤도헤주호구구수포투前다。 / 퉁에家女小便야시싸。자、헤주호구男根화取리出수갈라퉁에家女小便야갈라男根화「구大푸기다」도話갈라僕가「可惡야요!」도話시싸。데갈라튀터돋콤메이칼라오투포수투居테이。샤도헤주호구요小몽니男根화居지데。胡桃반長短데시가장장더小지데。데테이何모知가?구個가僕반男根다테이:ㅎㅋㅎㅋㅍㄴㅍㅎㅌㅋㅍㄹㅎㅎㅋ。자、포인투붕居몽니、퀼居나몽니、필로居나몽니、직쎕見!二個團모봉居기態다요!僕반家女훠綱야갈라何모知가?地球훠綱야가!자、僕반레이저피수得요!데시가地球메이피수야가나。데갈라더高이야가。月메이피수야요![view all texts]
Latest vocabulary
Language family relationships
Language treeJaponic
 ⤷ Proto-Japonic
  ⤷ Ryukyuan
   ⤷ Western Ryukyuan
    ⤷  Medieval Mikyoan
     ⤷  Mikyoan
[view] About JaponicThe Japonic language family includes the Japanese language spoken on the main islands of Japan as well as the Ryukyuan languages spoken in the Ryukyu Islands. The family is widely accepted by linguists, and the term "Japonic languages" was coined by ...
[view] 新城島方言 (Allagusugu Dialect)Allagusugu Dialect (新城島方言, allagusugushimma puang-ngyang) is a dialect of Mikyoan spoken on the islands which make up Allagusugu county. It is considered part of the Central Mikyoan Dialects and it is largely influenced by American English, Tagalog, and Korean due to the large number of foreign expats who live in the county. Due to the US military presence in Allagusugu, the dialect includes a large number of American English loanwords, calques, and phrases in everyday use.
[view] 小浜島方言 (Gohama Dialect)Gohama Dialect (小浜方言, gohama puang-ngyang) is a dialect of Mikyoan spoken on Gohama Island and by few small communities on several other neighbouring islands. Gohama Dialect is influenced by Portuguese, Hokkien, and Taiwanese Mandarin. Gohama Dialect tends to be more phonologically complex than other dialects of Mikyoan. Gohama Dialect is less commonly spoken today in comparison to several decades ago, however, today it is still commonly understood by most Mikyoans who live in Gohama.
[view] 黒島市方言 (Gullu City Dialect)Gullu City Dialect (黒島市方言, gullushima-shi puang-ngyang) is a dialect of Mikyoan spoken on Gullu Island, particularly in lower income communities and more urbanized areas. Similar to Ishigagi City Dialect, Gullu City Dialect is a fairly recent innovation. Gullu City Dialect was first recorded in the 1940's and since has become a distinct dialect of Mikyoan. Gullu City Dialect is more heavily influenced by modern forms of Japanese and English than other dialects and is more simple phonologically.
[view] 西表島方言 (Illyomotei Dialect)Illyomotei Dialect (西表島方言, illyomotei puang-ngyang) is a dialect of Mikyoan spoken on Illyomotei Island, and the second most spoken Mikyoan dialect. Illyomotei Dialect is particularly popular for its rivalry with Ishigagi City Dialect, which is the most spoken dialect with slighly more speakers. Illyomotei Dialect is more innovative than other dialects in some regards, and more conservative than others in other areas.
[view] 石垣市方言 (Ishigagi City Dialect)Ishigagi City Dialect (石垣市方言, ishigagi-shi puang-ngyang) is a dialect of Mikyoan spoken on Ishigagi Island, particularly in more Urban Areas. Ishigagi City Dialect is a fairly recent innovation, having only really appeared in the 1950's and 1960's in the heart of Ishigagi City, diverging from Standard Miykoan which it was once the base for. Under the Yobosu Dictatorship the dialect was suppressed for being a 'bastardization' of Mikyoan and its English Loans, however has managed to survive today
[view] LGBTQ+俚語 (Mikyoan LGBTQ+ Vernacular)Mikyoan LGBTQ+ Vernacular is a relatively new innovation, only appearing around the late 1960's in Mikyo, starting on Ishigagi and later spreading to other LGBTQ+ communities on the other islands. Mikyoan LGBTQ+ Vernacular is practically identical to Standard Mikyoan, however with words and phrases which are coded for use by LGBTQ+ peoples without detection from authority, cis, or straight people.
[view] 外離島方言 (Sotobangnalli Dialect)Sotobangnalli Dialect (外離島方言, sotopanashima-puangngyang) is a Mikyoan Dialect spoken on the island of Sotobangnalli, which is in Illyomotei County. Sotobangnalli Dialect shares many similarities with other Far Eastern Mikyoan Dialects, such as preservation of the Middle Mikyoan tonal system, merger of voiced and unvoiced plosives, and more conservative grammar than Dialects. Today, Sotobangnalli Dialect is less common than in the past, but it is still used by some older residents of the island.
[view] 與那國島言 (Yongnagumei Dialect)Yongagumei Dialect (與那國島言, yeongnagumei puang-ngyang) is a dialect of Mikyoan spoken on the island Yongagumei. Yongagumei Dialect is the most divergent of the Mikyoan dialects, and is difficult to understand for speakers of other Mikyoan dialects, even speakers who speak dialects of closer islands. Due to the island's relative isolation, grammatically it is the most conservative dialect and closest to Mideival Mikyoan, however in phonology it is the most divergent of any of the dialects.
Phonology
ConsonantsBilabialAlveolarAlveolo-
palatal
PalatalLabio-
velar
VelarGlottal
Nasal m n       ŋ  
Plosive p [p̚]1 b [ᵐb]2 t [t̚]3 d [ⁿd]4       k [k̚]5 g [ᵑg]6  
Fricative [ɸ]7 s [z]8 [ɕ]9 [ʑ]10 [ç]11   x [h]12
Affricate   t͡s [d͡z]13 t͡ɕ d͡ʑ        
Lateral approximant   [l]14          
Approximant   ɹ   j w    
Flap   [ɾ]15          
Blends ji [jy]16 je [jɤ]17 jo
wi wo we
  1. allophone of /p/
  2. Occurs in word intial positions, allophone of /m/
  3. allophone of /t/
  4. Occurs in word intial positions, allophone of /n/
  5. allophone of /k/
  6. Occurs in word intial positions, allophone of /ŋ/
  7. Occurs before /ɯ/, allophone of /x/
  8. Intervocalic alternative to /s/, allophone of /s/
  9. Occurs before /i/ and /j/, allophone of /s/
  10. Intervocalic alternative to [ɕ], allophone of /s/
  11. Occurs before /i/, allophone of /x/
  12. Occurs in some dialects or in relaxed speech, allophone of /x/
  13. Intervocalic alternative to /t͡s/, allophone of /t͡s/
  14. Coda allophone of /ɹ~ɾ/, allophone of /ɹ/
  15. In free variation with /ɹ/, allophone of /ɹ/
  16. allophone of /jɯ/
  17. allophone of /jʌ/
VowelsFrontCentralBack
Close i [y]1   ɯ
Close-mid   [ɤ]2
Open-mid ɛ   ʌ
Open   ä  
Polyphthongs ɯj
  1. allophone of /ɯ/
  2. allophone of /ʌ/
Orthography
Below is the orthography for Mikyoan. This includes all graphemes as defined in the language's phonology settings - excluding the non-distinct graphemes/polygraphs.
 MikyoanOrthography
기육
/g/, [k̚]
끼윢
/ŋ/, [ᵑg]1
니윤
/n/, [ⁿd]2
디윧
/d/, [t̚]
리울
/ɹ/, [l]3, [ɾ]4
미윰
/m/, [ᵐb]5
비윱
/b/, [p̚]
시윳
/s/, [ɕ]6, [z]7, [ʑ]8
씨윴
/t͡s/, [d͡z]9
이융
/ŋ/
지윶
/d͡ʑ/
치윷
/t͡ɕ/
키윸
/k/, [k̚]
티윹
/t/, [t̚]
피윺
/p/, [p̚]
히윻
/x/, [h]10, [ç]11, [ɸ]12
/ä/
/ɛ/
/jä/
/jɛ/
/ʌ/
/jʌ/, [ɤ], [jɤ]
/e̞/
/je/
/o̞/
/wä/
/wɛ/
/jo/
/ɯ/
/wo/
/we/
/wi/
/jɯ/, [y], [jy]
/ɯj/
/i/, /ji/
✔ Shown in correct order
  1. Occurs in word intial positions
  2. Occurs in word intial positions
  3. Coda allophone of /ɹ~ɾ/
  4. In free variation with /ɹ/
  5. Occurs in word intial positions
  6. Occurs before /i/ and /j/
  7. Intervocalic alternative to /s/
  8. Intervocalic alternative to [ɕ]
  9. Intervocalic alternative to /t͡s/
  10. Occurs in some dialects or in relaxed speech
  11. Occurs before /i/
  12. Occurs before /ɯ/
Latest 8 related articles listed below.
Pacific Islander Mikyoans
太平洋人民
21-Jun-19 14:02
Indigenous Yaeyama People
先住的八重山人民
21-Jun-19 14:02
Gohama Dialect 20-Jun-19 00:55
Women in Mikyo
美京國婦女
18-Jun-19 13:26
Gau'i
可愛
18-Jun-19 01:23
Mikyoan English 17-Jun-19 20:57
Indigenism in Mikyo
先住主義
17-Jun-19 15:24
Gullu City Dialect 14-Jun-19 18:53
Lessons (1)
1Mikyoan Phonology
Typological information for Mikyoan

Demonstrative proximityDistal/Medial/Proximal
Noun numbersNo numbers
Vowel harmonyFront-back
Primary writing systemMultiple scripts used
Script typeCombination of systems

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