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Modehitchu [MXO]
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Typology Progressing 315 words
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Modehitchu
módéHirbu
[ᵐbótáo̯t͡ʃʷò]
Registered by Tetthinkirl on 10 April 2019
Language type A priori
Species Human/humanoid
About Modehitchu
!igjbjkigńbrxjhaxdemxjrjdnrxpaxsj' ŕdjmŕdjhaxg e exdrxexig
<Gabordo o gehidumidu iseqarnadirimodehirbuguvibigu>
[kə́.pù.tʃə́ ʔə céɪ̯.tʷu.ᵐbì.tə ʔi.sé.ʔáː.ᶯdʒá.tì.ɾi.ᵐbó.tào̯.t͡ʃʷo.hɨ.wò.pə́.hɨ]
INDFIndefinite
a nonspecific referent
.NOMNominative (case)
TRANS subject, INTR argument
.BVHBack vowel harmony (phonology)
vowels have been backed
-greet and INDFIndefinite
a nonspecific referent
.NOMNominative (case)
TRANS subject, INTR argument
-good.ADVAdverbial
e.g. English '-ly'
-come.VBVerb.GERGerund
verbal noun
DATDative (case)
indirect object; recipient, beneficiary, location
.DEFDefinite
"the"
.PLPlural (number)
more than one/few
-all-AGEAgent (role)
cause or initiator of event/action
-see-modehitchu-human-PLPlural (number)
more than one/few
.REDUPReduplication
full or partial reduplication of a word, stem, root, or morpheme

greetings and welcome to all modehitchu-seerpeople!



A highly synthetic fusional, mora-timed distant relative of  Hardmoks spoken as a major minority language in Hardax. It is written in conservative Hardmoks written tounge as an earlier abugida form of the hegima script, but with some Mode innovations and variants from the spoken language. For instance, ńbrxjh instead of ŕdrxjh for çitʃə "language", and the letter p <ʔa>.

This trash mound of a language features:
  • An unproductive backness harmony, but productive nasal harmony
  • Front- and back vowel harmony versions of most words
  • Irregular declension. A lot of it.
  • no adjectives
  • English-level morphophonemic orthography
  • Enough PhoMo work for the rest of my life
Sample of Modehitchu[view] géIsii gbúronódéra ógumódéhirbu ennerhe.gérHévin sonódéraó hévinódéra!

English is spoken in England. its capital is London.
[view all texts]
Latest vocabulary
ugudóraninfancy
ugudóranchildhood
germánndestroy
Language family relationships
Language treeModeran languages
 ⤷  Modera
  ⤷  Modehitchu
 
[view] BaqágímódéHirbu (Vulgar Mode)Only surviving dialect having mutual intelligibility with old Modehitchu - the others having evolved into wildly different languages.
Phonology
ConsonantsBilabialAlveolarRetroflexVelarGlottal
Nasal m n ɳ    
Plosive p t ʈ k1 ʔ
Fricative   s ʂ ɣ2 h3
Flap   ɾ ɽ4    
Blends ha sa mo na ta po ʔa ɽa ɣa
  1. [c] before front vowels, [kʷ] before rounded vowels
  2. becomes [j] before front vowels and [w] before rounded vowels
  3. [h~ç~ɸ] depending on the following vowel
  4. in free variation with [ɻ]
VowelsFrontBack
Close i í ɯ ɯ́ u ú
Close-mid e ẽ ẽ́ é ɤ ɤ̃ ɤ̃́ ɤ́ o õ ṍ ó
Open a ã ã́ á  
Polyphthongs aẽ̯ aẽ̯́ ae̯ aé̯ aõ̯ aṍ̯ ao̯ aó̯ aɪ̯ aɪ̯́ aʊ̯ aʊ̯́ eɪ̯ eɪ̯́ oʊ̯ oʊ̯́
Syllable Structure(C)V(V)(V). "Retroflex" consonants can never occur word-initially, neither can the non-front unrounded vowels [a ɯ] occur after labials, while the rounded vowels [o u] are most common precisely around labials (or where a labial has been). Minimal pairs between [a ɯ] and [o u] are therefore rare, but present.
Stress informationModehitchu is a mora-timed language and has no phonemic stress. However, the penultimate mora of a sentence often surfaces as a low tone (regardless of phonemic tone). A mora can be a) a CV-sequence or b) a vowel. The number of moras can therefore be determined by counting (phonemic) vowels.

In modehitchu poetry, in order for two words to rhyme, the words' penultimate mora and the morae's syllables' onset must be identical in all but phonemic tone, and the last and antepenultimate morae must have the same tone (the penultimate is always low).

This makes four possible tone rhymes: LLL, LLH, HLL and HLH
and only two (LLL HLH) in trimoraic final syllable rhymes (due to a syllable only carrying one tone)

Nasal-harmonied words can rhyme with oral words, but not if:
a) the onset of the syllable containing the stressed mora is one of /m n ɳ/
b) the syllable has a phonemic nasal vowel (i.e. a trigger of nasal harmony)
OtherThere is a productive nasal harmony where the phonemic presence of one of /ãe ão ẽ ã ə̃ õ/ will nasalise all vowels and voiced consonants to their (allophonic) nasal harmony variants.
In oral words these are [i ɨ u eɪ oʊ aɪ aʊ ᵐb ⁿd ᶯd͡ʒ ɾ ɽ ɣ]
In nasal words these are [ĩ ɨ̃ ũ ẽɪ̃ õʊ̃ ãɪ̃ ãʊ̃ m n ɳ ɾ̃ ɽ̃ ɣ̃]

Non-labial consonants are allophonically labialised preceding rounded vowels:
/ⁿd ᶯdʒ t tʃ k ʔ s ʃ ɣ h ɾ ɽ/ become [ⁿdʷ ᶯdʒʷ tʷ tʃʷ kʷ ʔʷ sʷ ʃʷ w ɸ ɾʷ ɽʷ] before /o u/

"Retroflex" consonants bar the subapical [ɽ] are apical and often of postalveolar PoA, and the stop is often affricated. [n̺~ⁿd̺͡ʒ t̺͡ʃ ʃ] would be more precise transcriptions but that's hella diacriticky, and would make the consonant inventory table a bit ugly.

/e ɤ o/ are all true-mid, and non-front unrounded vowels /a ɤ ɯ/ are central or central-back. A more precise transcription of these would be [e̞ ə̠ o̞ ä ɨ̠]. ɤ ɯ and ə ɨ can both be used to transcribe the unrounded "back" vowels.

Some vowels, except /ə ɨ/, can appear short, long and overlong. Long monophthongs [aː eː iː oː uː] and short diphthongs [eɪ̯ aɪ̯ ae̯ oʊ̯ aʊ̯ ao̯] are approximately twice as long as short monophthongs, and long diphthongs [eːɪ̯ aːɪ̯ aːe̯ oːʊ̯ aːʊ̯ aːo̯] and overlong vowels [aːː eːː iːː oːː uːː] are about thrice as long as short monophthongs. They can therefore be analysed as vowel sequences (giving Modehitchu a syllable structure of (C)V(V)(V), not (C)V.)
Orthography
Below is the orthography for Modehitchu. This includes all graphemes as defined in the language's phonology settings - excluding the non-distinct graphemes/polygraphs.
 ModehitchuOrthography
h
Hh
Qa hínémé
/ha/
s
Ss
Da hínémé
/sa/
m
Mm
Ba ridedéha
/mo/
n
Nn
Da ridedéha
/na/
g
Gg
Gabíriri
/kɤ/
d
Dd
Dabíriri
/ta/
b
Bb
Babíriri
/po/
p
Qq
Qabíriri
/ʔa/
r
Rr
Rabíriri
/ɽa/
k
Vv
Ga hínémé
/ɣa/
j'
Ii
Igirremá
/i/
a
Ee
Egirremá
/e/
'
Uu
Ugurromá
/ɯ/, /u/
e
Oo
Ogurromá
/ɤ/, /o/
✔ Shown in correct order
    Latest 8 related articles listed below.
    Rug pattern of the Mode
    Symbolism, rules of use and whatnot
    11-Mar-21 12:46
    Typological information for Modehitchu

    Morphological typologyFusional
    Morphosyntactic alignmentNominative/Accusative
    Primary word orderSOV
    Syllable structureSimple (CV)
    Vowel harmonyOral-nasal

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