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Numi [NMI]
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LotM Winner Typology Functional 1,719 words
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Numi
ぬみ
[nɯmi]
Registered by Elinnea on 22 October 2016
Language type Artistic Language (Artlang)
Species Human/humanoid
About Numi Numi is a personal artistic language. I'm creating it based on factors that appeal to me in a language and I use it to describe my daily life. I aim for quasi-realism but am not concerned about how naturalistic it is. Some of the language’s features:
  • Borrows the phonology of Japanese, with some modifications for my own taste
  • Written using hiragana, again with some slight modifications (if you read it as if it were Japanese, you won't be too far off)
  • Tripartite morphosyntactic alignment (because I hadn't tried it before and it seemed like fun)
  • Polysynthetic, with both full noun and classifier noun incorporation and marking of time and space locatives on verbs
  • Verbs agree with both subject and object, and pronouns are almost always dropped
  • Extensive use of passive and antipassive voices
  • Default VSO word order, and strongly head-initial overall
  • Clause chaining is a common structure in discourse used to string together clauses with the same actor
  • Portmanteaus abound!


I write what I have decided about Numi into articles with lots of examples and glosses, so take a look at those if you want to know more.
Sample of Numi[view] らもげんしゅ ゐはりちゅうぜわ:まりちゅうぜらお らお ちゅうぜらお まし きみあけんわ? / Ramogenshu wiharichūzewa: marichūzerao rao chūzerao mashi kimiakenwa?[view all texts]
Latest vocabulary
びくたしょnpeanut butter
Sound samples in Numi
Some sound samples of Numi. Maximum of 6 shown. Click the links to see the full texts.
るいむなすり ろおめ すみあこお おひあ こづい よえん ゑ きあれやっしり ししぇゆし。 Ruimunasuri rōme sumiakō ohia kodzui yoen we kiareyas...
Real integrity is doing the right thing, knowing that nobody's going to know whether you did it or n...
のちべんひだり めやん きい。 ぬやん るじいが ぬやん つに。 のそおやきで そづぎ。 およしすり なゑり!
I'm a little teapot, short and stout Here is my handle, here is my spout When I get all steamed up...
Phonology
ConsonantsBilabialAlveolarAlveolo-
palatal
PalatalLabio-
velar
VelarGlottal
Nasal m m: n n:       [ŋ]1 [ŋ:]2  
Plosive p p: b b: t t: d d:       k k: g  
Fricative   s s: z ɕ ɕ: [ç]3     h
Affricate   [t͡s]4 [t͡s:]5 [d͡z]6 [d͡z:]7 t͡ɕ t͡ɕ: d͡ʑ d͡ʑ:        
Approximant       j w    
Flap   ɾ          
Blends ɾi to tsɯ ɕɯ zo dʑä
dʑi dʑɯ dʑo ɕo wo wi ɾo
ɾɛ ɾɯ pi tɕɛ dʑɛ ɕɛ ɾä jo
mo mi bo bi
po ho çi çɯ no
ni do dzɯ tɕo tɕɯ
tɕi tɕä ɕi ɕä so go
gi ko ki
  1. allophone of /n/
  2. allophone of /n:/
  3. Before i and ɯ, allophone of /h/
  4. Before u, allophone of /t/
  5. Before u, allophone of /t:/
  6. Before u, allophone of /d/
  7. Before u, allophone of /d:/
VowelsFrontCentralBack
Close i i: [i̥]1   ɯ ɯ: [ɯ̥]2
Close-mid     o o:
Open-mid ɛ ɛ:    
Open   ä ä:  
  1. allophone of /i/
  2. allophone of /ɯ/
Orthography
Below is the orthography for Numi. This includes all graphemes as defined in the language's phonology settings - excluding the non-distinct graphemes/polygraphs.
 NumiOrthography
/ä/ああ/ä://i/いい/i://ɯ/うう/ɯ://ɛ/ええ/ɛ://o/おお/o:/
/kä//gä//ki//gi//kɯ//gɯ//kɛ//gɛ//ko//go/
/sä//zä//ɕi/しぇ/ɕɛ/しゃ/ɕä/しゅ/ɕɯ/しょ/ɕo//dʑi/じぇ/dʑɛ/じゃ/dʑä/
じゅ/dʑɯ/じょ/dʑo//sɯ//zɯ//sɛ//zɛ//so//zo//tä//dä/
/tɕi/ちぇ/tɕɛ/ちゃ/tɕä/ちゅ/tɕɯ/ちょ/tɕo////tsɯ//dzɯ//tɛ//dɛ/
/to//do//nä//ni//nɯ//nɛ//no//hä//bä//pä/
/çi//bi//pi//çɯ//bɯ//pɯ//hɛ//bɛ//pɛ//ho/
/bo//po//mä//mi//mɯ//mɛ//mo//jä//jɯ//jo/
/ɾä//ɾi//ɾɯ//ɾɛ//ɾo//wä//wi//wɛ//wo//n/
✖ Unknown alphabetical order
    Latest 8 related articles listed below.
    Verbs of perception 02-Jan-19 01:03
    LotM - Jan 19: Numi
    Congrats to Elinnea for their incredibly detailed language N...
    01-Jan-19 19:37
    Phrases, clauses, sentences, and beyond
    Putting Numi words together
    16-Dec-18 15:11
    The almighty verb
    Forming verbs in Numi
    12-Dec-18 14:19
    Idioms of Numi
    Idioms, proverbs, metaphors, interjections
    16-Nov-18 01:48
    Numi nouns 25-May-17 17:26
    Numi syntax samples 30-Jan-17 18:51
    Numbers in Numi
    Cardinal, ordinal, and various other uses of numerals
    27-Jan-17 00:09
    Typological information for Numi

    Morphological typologyPolysynthetic
    Morphosyntactic alignmentTripartite
    Verb agreementSubject and object
    Primary writing systemKana/Kanji/Hanzi

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