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Old Ȟupikhe [OHP]
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Typology Progressing 277 words Old Ȟupikhe
ȟupikhe
[ʔupikʰe]
Registered by [Deactivated User] on 21 January 2015
Language type A priori
Species Human/humanoid
About Old Ȟupikhe Old Ȟupikhe is a highly polysynthetic language with fine consonant and vowel distinctions. It was used by a human subspecies with particularly sensitive hearing.
Sample of Old Ȟupikhe[view] ṋäkóóȟuu ḉíqaa môǧo la / klếkóóǧuu kwôǧa gwúúrȟy hpäwærhćaarbǻǻr / klếkóóǧuu x̧ếrbwaǧy dørbhørḉjääbǻǻr / klếkóóǧuu rêêrǧa wérȟy hpäwærhćaarbǻǻr hgaǧo nôô hdốhpäwærhćaar môǧo / ṋäkóóȟuu tvýchóó pwóóǧy ȟírdørkvôôx̧ja ṋäkóóȟe / chåå dwærȟy ȟírdørṇêêx̧jaar ṋäkóóȟe nôô ṋäkóóȟa ṋäkóóȟuu dwærbjírȟy dørṇêêx̧jar / chåå bbốốkheȟy ȟírdørǧhäiḿårx̧jaar ṋä...[view all texts]
Latest vocabulary
wôrnwood
nôôrnhouse
tjốvbend
Language family relationships
Language treeȞupikhe
 ⤷  Old Ȟupikhe
[view] About ȞupikheA family of polysynthetic languages.
Phonology
ConsonantsBilabialLabio-
dental
DentalAlveolarRetroflexAlveolo-
palatal
PalatalVelarUvularGlottal
Nasal m m:     n n: ɳ   ɲ ŋ ɴ  
Plosive p ʰp pʷ pᶣ pʲ pʰ b ʰb bʷ bᶣ bʲ bʰ     t ʰt tʷ tᶣ tʲ tʰ d ʰd dʷ dᶣ dʲ dʰ ʈ ʰʈ ʈʷ ʈᶣ ʈʲ ʈʰ ɖ ʰɖ ɖʷ ɖᶣ ɖʲ ɖʰ   c ʰc cʷ cᶣ cʲ cʰ ɟ ʰɟ ɟʷ ɟᶣ ɟʲ ɟʰ k ʰk kʷ kᶣ kʲ kʰ g ʰg gʷ gᶣ gʲ gʰ q qʼ qˤ ɢ ɢʼ ɢˤ ʔ
Fricative             ç çʷ çᶣ çʲ ʝ ʝʷ ʝᶣ ʝʲ x xʷ xᶣ xʲ ɣ ɣʷ ɣᶣ ɣʲ    
Lateral approximant       l l: ɭ   ʎ ʟ    
Lateral fricative       ɬ ɮ            
Approximant   ʋ         j      
Trill ʙ                  
Flap       ɾ            
Click ʘ   ǀ ǃ   ǁ ǂ      
VowelsFrontNear-
front
CentralBack
Close i i: i˞: i˞ y y: y˞: y˞     ɯ ɯ: ɯ˞: ɯ˞ u u: u˞: u˞
Near-close   ɪ ɪ: ɪ˞: ɪ˞ ʏ ʏ: ʏ˞: ʏ˞    
Close-mid e e: e˞: e˞ ø ø: ø˞: ø˞     ɤ ɤ: ɤ˞: ɤ˞ o o: o˞: o˞
Mid e̞ e̞: e̞˞: e̞˞   ə ə̰ əˤ o̞ o̞: o̞˞: o̞˞
Open-mid ɛ ɛ: ɛ˞: ɛ˞ œ œ: œ˞: œ˞     ʌ ʌ: ʌ˞: ʌ˞ ɔ ɔ: ɔ˞: ɔ˞
Near-open æ æ: æ˞: æ˞      
Open a a: a˞: a˞   ä ä̰ ä: äˤ ɑ ɑ: ɑ˞: ɑ˞ ɒ ɒ: ɒ˞: ɒ˞
Orthography
Below is the orthography for Old Ȟupikhe. This includes all graphemes as defined in the language's phonology settings - excluding the non-distinct graphemes/polygraphs.
 Old ȞupikheOrthography [edit]
Åå/ɒ/Ǻǻ/ɑ/Aa/a/Ää/ä/ÅÅ åå/ɒ:/ÄÄ ää/ä:/AA aa/a:/ǺǺ ǻǻ/ɑ:/ÅÅR åår/ɒ˞:/AAR aar/a˞:/ǺǺR ǻǻr/ɑ˞:/
ÄI äi/äˤ/ÅR år/ɒ˞/ǺR ǻr/ɑ˞/AR ar/a˞/ÄU äu/ä̰/Bb/b/BB bb/ʙ/BH bh/bʰ/BJ bj/bʲ/BV bv/bᶣ/BW bw/bʷ/
Ćć/ɟ/Cc/c/Çç/ç/Ḉḉ/ʝ/CH ch/cʰ/ĆH ćh/ɟʰ/ḈJ ḉj/ʝʲ/ĆJ ćj/ɟʲ/ÇJ çj/çʲ/CJ cj/cʲ/CL cl/ʎ/
CP cp/ǂ/CV cv/cᶣ/ḈV ḉv/ʝᶣ/ÇV çv/çᶣ/ĆV ćv/ɟᶣ/ĆW ćw/ɟʷ/ÇW çw/çʷ/CW cw/cʷ/ḈW ḉw/ʝʷ/Dd/d/Ďď/ɖ/
ĎH ďh/ɖʰ/DH dh/dʰ/DJ dj/dʲ/ĎJ ďj/ɖʲ/DV dv/dᶣ/ĎV ďv/ɖᶣ/DW dw/dʷ/ĎW ďw/ɖʷ/Ếế/œ/Êê/ɛ/Ëë/ə/
Ee/e/Éé/e̞/ẾẾ ếế/œ:/ÉÉ éé/e̞:/EE ee/e:/ÊÊ êê/ɛ:/ÉÉR éér/e̞˞:/EER eer/e˞:/ÊÊR êêr/ɛ˞:/ẾẾR ếếr/œ˞:/ËI ëi/əˤ/
ÉR ér/e̞˞/ER er/e˞/ÊR êr/ɛ˞/ẾR ếr/œ˞/ËU ëu/ə̰/Gg/g/Ǧǧ/ɢ/ǦȞ ǧȟ/ɢʼ/GH gh/gʰ/ǦH ǧh/ɢˤ/GJ gj/gʲ/
GV gv/gᶣ/GW gw/gʷ/Ȟȟ/ʔ/HB hb/ʰb/HC hc/ʰc/HĆ hć/ʰɟ/HĎ hď/ʰɖ/HD hd/ʰd/HG hg/ʰg/HK hk/ʰk/HP hp/ʰp/
HT ht/ʰt/HŤ hť/ʰʈ/Ii/i/Íí/ɪ/II ii/i:/ÍÍ íí/ɪ:/ÍÍR íír/ɪ˞:/IIR iir/i˞:/ÍR ír/ɪ˞/IR ir/i˞/Jj/j/
Kk/k/KH kh/kʰ/KJ kj/kʲ/KL kl/ʟ/KV kv/kᶣ/KW kw/kʷ/Ḽḽ/ɮ/Ĺĺ/l:/Ll/l/Ļļ/ɬ/Ľľ/ɭ/
LP lp/ǁ/Mm/m/Ḿḿ/m:/MP mp/ʘ/Nn/n/Ňň/ɳ/Ṇṇ/ɴ/Ṋṋ/ɲ/Ńń/n:/Ņņ/ŋ/NP np/ǃ/
Oo/o/Ốố/ʌ/Óó/o̞/Ôô/ɔ/ÓÓ óó/o̞:/OO oo/o:/ỐỐ ốố/ʌ:/ÔÔ ôô/ɔ:/ÔÔR ôôr/ɔ˞:/ỐỐR ốốr/ʌ˞:/OOR oor/o˞:/
ÓÓR óór/o̞˞:/ÓR ór/o̞˞/OR or/o˞/ỐR ốr/ʌ˞/ÔR ôr/ɔ˞/O̧ o̧/ɤ/O̧O̧ o̧o̧/ɤ:/O̧O̧R o̧o̧r/ɤ˞:/O̧R o̧r/ɤ˞/Pp/p/PH ph/pʰ/
PJ pj/pʲ/PV pv/pᶣ/PW pw/pʷ/Qq/q/QH qh/qˤ/QȞ qȟ/qʼ/Rr/ɾ/Tt/t/Ťť/ʈ/TH th/tʰ/ŤH ťh/ʈʰ/
ŤJ ťj/ʈʲ/TJ tj/tʲ/TP tp/ǀ/TV tv/tᶣ/ŤV ťv/ʈᶣ/TW tw/tʷ/ŤW ťw/ʈʷ/Úú/ɯ/Uu/u/UR ur/u˞/ÚR úr/ɯ˞/
ÚÚ úú/ɯ:/UU uu/u:/UUR uur/u˞:/ÚÚR úúr/ɯ˞:/Ww/ʋ/Xx/x/XJ xj/xʲ/XV xv/xᶣ/XW xw/xʷ/X̧ x̧/ɣ/X̧J x̧j/ɣʲ/
X̧V x̧v/ɣᶣ/X̧W x̧w/ɣʷ/Yy/y/Ýý/ʏ/YR yr/y˞/ÝR ýr/ʏ˞/ÝÝ ýý/ʏ:/YY yy/y:/ÝÝR ýýr/ʏ˞:/YYR yyr/y˞:/Ǽǽ/æ:/
Ææ/æ/ÆR ær/æ˞/ǼR ǽr/æ˞:/Øø/ø/ØR ør/ø˞/ØØ øø/ø:/ØØR øør/ø˞:/
✖ Unknown alphabetical order [change]
    Latest 8 related articles listed below.
    Typological information for Old Ȟupikhe

    Primary word orderSOV
    Number of nominal casesSix cases
    GendersAnimate/Inanimate
    Morphological typologyPolysynthetic
    Morphosyntactic alignmentErgative/Absolutive

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