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Otonish [OTO]
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Typology Progressing 570 words
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Otonish
Otontjaj sil
[otontjaj sil]
Registered by dendana on 16 March 2018
Language type Artistic Language (Artlang)
Species Human/humanoid
About Otonish I'm making a Eurolang.

Be scared.

Very scared.

Explanation:
This is what happens when I take all the colloquial languages of Europe, blend them for 3 minutes, pour the mush into two molds, make those two languages have a baby, then make them have babies with their own baby, and then make those babies have babies with each other.

More detailed explanation:
There's no case and there are only three verbs to conjugate, but it manages to be insane despite being analytic. For example, many verbs have suppletion for gender of subject. On top of deranged syntax.

Setting:
A part of the world where, in 2018, baggy polo shirts and JNCO jeans are still the trendy things to wear, and the Backstreet Boys are the hottest group. Visited mainly by package tourists who have only a vague sense of where they're going to end up.

Metaname:
Clitopia
(because clitics)

Highlights:
—The first person singular nominative can be gho, o, w, f, m, or mi, depending on its phonological context and whether the sentence is stative or dynamic:

To gho'k de'n stut ent ët 'so I was studying the language'
O'k de'n stut ent ët 'I was studying the language'
F u'n stut ent ët 'I study the language'
W äj'n stut ent ët 'I have studied the language'
M äj'n mir ent ët 'I have seen the language'
Mi näj'n mir ent ët 'I will see the language'

—The plural definite article is x, and also makes any modifier into a plural noun, except for demonstratives, where it nominalizes the singular ones too.

—The plural particle is (ë)r, which attaches to the end of the first word in the noun phrase. The (ë) is only used on (ë)r if either the previous consonant is a coronal sonorant, or there is no following word and the previous word ends in a consonant. The particle isn't used at all if the noun phrase consists of only a noun and demonstrative, or if x immediately precedes the noun.
Sample of Otonish[view] W äj'n em grash zhäjk ë.

I've stolen a book before.
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Latest vocabulary
fromadpafter
grashvsteal
krushëncage
Phonology
ConsonantsBilabialLabio-
dental
AlveolarPost-
Alveolar
RetroflexAlveolo-
palatal
PalatalLabio-
velar
VelarUvularOther
Nasal m   n       [ɲ]1   [ŋ]2    
Plosive p b   t d           k [kʲ]3 g [gʲ]4    
Fricative β f s z5 ʃ [ʒ]6 [ʂ]7 [ɕ]8     [x]9 ɣ [χ]10 [ʁ]11  
Affricate     t͡s d͡z t͡ʃ d͡ʒ              
Lateral approximant     l               ɫ
Lateral fricative     [ɬ]12 [ɬˤ]13                
Approximant             j [ʍ]14      
Flap     ɾ15                
  1. before a palatal or after /i/, allophone of /n/
  2. before a velar, utterance-finally, allophone of /n/
  3. before front vowel, allophone of /k/
  4. before front vowel, allophone of /g/
  5. cannot end a word
  6. allophone of /ʃ/ before a voiced obstruent, after /ɾ/, allophone of /j/
  7. utterance-finally, allophone of /ɾ/
  8. utterance-finally, allophone of /j/
  9. utterance-finally, allophone of /ɣ/
  10. before a nonvelar voiceless consonant, allophone of /ɣ/
  11. before a nonvelar voiced consonant, allophone of /ɣ/
  12. utterance-finally, allophone of /ɬ/
  13. utterance-finally, allophone of /ɫ/
  14. before a voiceless consonant, allophone of /β/
  15. totally assimilates to any following consonant, except /j/, cannot begin a word
VowelsFrontNear-
front
CentralBack
Close i   [ɨ]1 u
Near-close   ɪ    
Close-mid [e]2 ø     o
Mid     ə  
Open-mid ɛ     [ɔ]3
Open [a]4     ɑ [ɒ]5
  1. before two or more consonants, allophone of /ə/
  2. after postalveolar or palatal consonant or after /i/ or /u/ or before /o/, allophone of /ɛ/
  3. before /ɾ/, allophone of /o/
  4. after a postalveolar or palatal, but not /i/, allophone of /ɑ/
  5. before /β/ + voiceless consonant, allophone of /ɑ/
Orthography
Below is the orthography for Otonish. This includes all graphemes as defined in the language's phonology settings - excluding the non-distinct graphemes/polygraphs.
 OtonishOrthography
Aa/ɑ/, [a]1, [ɒ]2Bb/b/Cc/t͡s/CH ch/t͡ʃ/Dd/d/Ee/ɪ/Ff/f/Gg/g/, [gʲ]3GH gh/ɣ/, [ʁ]4, [χ]5, [x]6Ii/i/
Jj/j/, [ɕ]7, [ʒ]8Kk/k/, [kʲ]9Ll/l/, [ɬ]10Łł/ɫ/, [ɬˤ]11Mm/m/Nn/n/, [ŋ]12, [ɲ]13Oo/o/, [ɔ]14Pp/p/Rr/ɾ/15, [ʂ]16Ss/s/
SH sh/ʃ/Tt/t/Uu/u/Ww/β/, [ʍ]17Xx/z/18Zz/d͡z/ZH zh/d͡ʒ/Ää/ɛ/, [e]19Ëë/ə/, [ɨ]20Öö/ø/
✔ Shown in correct order
  1. after a postalveolar or palatal, but not /i/
  2. before /β/ + voiceless consonant
  3. before front vowel
  4. before a nonvelar voiced consonant
  5. before a nonvelar voiceless consonant
  6. utterance-finally
  7. utterance-finally
  8. allophone of /ʃ/ before a voiced obstruent, after /ɾ/
  9. before front vowel
  10. utterance-finally
  11. utterance-finally
  12. before a velar, utterance-finally
  13. before a palatal or after /i/
  14. before /ɾ/
  15. totally assimilates to any following consonant, except /j/, cannot begin a word
  16. utterance-finally
  17. before a voiceless consonant
  18. cannot end a word
  19. after postalveolar or palatal consonant or after /i/ or /u/ or before /o/
  20. before two or more consonants
Typological information for Otonish

Coding of evidentialityOther
Polar question markingInverted word order
Pronoun dropping?No

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