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Proto-Island-Peninsula [PAP]
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Typology Progressing 273 words
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Proto-Island-Peninsula
*n₁āt₁ʰu
[na:tʰu]*
Registered by GoshDigityDangit on 11 February 2020
Language type Proto-Conlang
Species Human/humanoid
About Proto-Island-Peninsula One of the proto-languages of the Šandula continent / world-building project.

LET'S GET TO 500!!!

Features

> Agglutinative

> VSO / SVO Word Order
=> VSO is the default word order, but SVO is used commonly to indicate an important noun or a topic of discussion

> Four Pronominal Persons
=> 1 (speaker), 2 (listener), 3 (non-listener), and 4 (obviated 3rd person)

> Poly-personal Marking
=> Subject and Direct Object

> 3 Nominal Cases, 4 Pronominal Cases
=> Nominal Cases: Nominative, Accusative, Genitive
=> Pronominal Cases: Nominative, Accusative, Possessive, Reflexive

> Verbs of Cognition in Transitive Sentences Take Their Subject in The Genitive / Possessive

> 2 Tenses, 3 Aspects, and 2 Voices
=> Past & Nonpast
=> Perfective, Imperfective, Repetative
=> Active & Passive
Sample of Proto-Island-Peninsula[view] agir₂ wār₁yk bēn₁ā-bēn₁ā ew s₁us₁ar₂-s₁ar₂ā.

I like boys and girls.
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Latest vocabulary
*v₁aadpwith
*bawilān₁ansail boat
Language family relationships
Language treeIsland-Peninsula
 ⤷  Proto-Island-Peninsula
[view] About Island-PeninsulaThe languages spoken in the many islands and the large peninsula of southern Šandula.
Phonology
ConsonantsBilabialAlveolarLabio-
velar
Velar
Nasal m n n̻    
Plosive p pʰ b t t̻ tʰ t̻ʰ d d̻   k kʰ g
Fricative ɸ β s s̻ z z̻   x
Lateral approximant   l    
Approximant   ɹ w  
Trill ʙ̞      
Flap   ɾ    
VowelsFrontCentralBack
Close i i:   u u:
Close-mid e e:   o o:
Mid   ə ə:  
Open a a:    
Syllable StructureCV(:/C)
> Mandatory Onset
> Long Vowel OR Closed Syllable
Stress informationPenultimate Stress, With Trochaic Rhythm. Stress Timed.
Other>As this is a reconstructed language, the actual distinction between the following consonant sets are not certain: 𝘛₁ / 𝘛₂ ([t₁], [d₁], [t₂], [d₂], [t₁ʰ], [t₂ʰ]), 𝘚₁ / 𝘚₂ ([s₁], [z₁], [s₂], [z₂]), [v₁] / [v₂], and [r₁] / [r₂]. The laminal/coronal distinction given in the table is the most widely accepted reconstruction, although some believe it to be an alveolar/retroflex distinction, or even an alveolar/palatal distinction.

>[v₂] is a tap.
Orthography
Below is the orthography for Proto-Island-Peninsula. This includes all graphemes as defined in the language's phonology settings - excluding the non-distinct graphemes/polygraphs.
 Proto-Island-PeninsulaOrthography
*//a/a/b/b/d₁/d/d₂/d̻/e/e/f/ɸ/g/g/i/i/k/k//kʰ/
l/l/m/m/n₁/n/n₂/n̻/o/o/p/p//pʰ/r₁/ɹ/r₂/ɾ/s₁/s/s₂/s̻/
t₁/t/t₁ʰ/tʰ/t₂/t̻/t₂ʰ/t̻ʰ/u/u/v₁/β/v₂/ʙ̞/w/w/x/x/y/ə/z₁/z/
z₂/z̻/ā/a:/ē/e:/ī/i:/ō/o:/ū/u:/ȳ/ə:/-//
✔ Shown in correct order
    Latest 8 related articles listed below.
    Reduplication in P.I.P
    Forms and Functions
    21-Feb-20 23:21
    Typological information for Proto-Island-Peninsula

    AlienabilityAlienable/inalienable
    Indefinite articleWord for 'one' used
    Morphological typologyAgglutinative
    Number of nominal casesThree cases
    Number of pronominal casesFour cases

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