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Proto-East-Mirarian [PEMN]
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Typology New 631 words
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Proto-East-Mirarian
*
Registered by ava on 8 June 2016
+ shared with: hannah, protondonor
Language type Proto-Conlang
Species Human/humanoid
About Proto-East-Mirarian A reconstructed Proto-language spoken approximately between 7000 and 5000 years ago in Eastern Miraria. Major descendants include the Mahavic, Ngeyvic and Ughmar branches.
Sample of Proto-East-MirarianCan't find any yet.
Latest vocabulary
məmivlove
gʷocıntooth
Language family relationships
Language treeEast Mirarian
 ⤷  Proto-East-Mirarian
[view] About East MirarianA large language family originating from Eastern Miraria (hence the name).
Phonology
ConsonantsBilabialAlveolarPost-
Alveolar
PalatalLabio-
velar
VelarGlottalOther
Nasal m n   (ɲ)1   ŋ    
Plosive p2 b3 t4 d5       k6 kʷ7 g8 gʷ9    
Fricative   s z ʃ     x10 h11  
Affricate     t͡ʃ12 (d͡ʒ)13         (t͡ɬ)14
Lateral approximant   l            
Lateral fricative   ɬ            
Approximant       j w      
Trill   r            
  1. of dubious authenticity/reconstruction supported by limited evidence
  2. fortis, not found word initially
  3. lenis
  4. fortis
  5. lenis
  6. fortis
  7. fortis
  8. lenis
  9. lenis
  10. reconstructed variously as /x/, /ɣ/, /ħ/, /h/
  11. possibly /ʔ/, phonemic status disputed
  12. fortis, sometimes reconstructed as /c/
  13. lenis; possibly /dʒ ~ ɟ/; of dubious authenticity/reconstruction supported by limited evidence
  14. of dubious authenticity/reconstruction supported by limited evidence
VowelsFrontNear-
front
CentralNear-
back
Back
Close i       u1
Near-close   ɪ2   ʊ  
Close-mid         o3
Mid     ə4    
Open-mid         ɔ
Open         ɑ
  1. sometimes reconstructed as central /ʉ/ or front /y/
  2. sometimes reconstructed as central /ɨ/ or back /ɯ/
  3. sometimes reconstructed as central /ɵ/ or front /ø/
  4. sometimes reconstructed as front /e/
Orthography
Below is the orthography for Proto-East-Mirarian. This includes all graphemes as defined in the language's phonology settings - excluding the non-distinct graphemes/polygraphs.
 Proto-East-MirarianOrthography
Aa/ɑ/Bb/b/1Cc/t͡ʃ/2Ćć/t͡ɬ/3Dd/d/4Əə/ə/5Gg/g/6Gʷ gʷ/gʷ/7Ii/i//ɪ/8Jj/d͡ʒ/9
Kk/k/10Kʷ kʷ/kʷ/11Ll/l/Mm/m/Nn/n/Ññ/ɲ/12Ŋŋ/ŋ/Oo/ɔ/Öö/o/13Pp/p/14Qq/h/15
Rr/r/Ss/s/Šš/ʃ/Śś/ɬ/Tt/t/16Uu/ʊ/Üü/u/17Ww/w/Xx/x/18Yy/j/Zz/z/
✔ Shown in correct order
  1. lenis
  2. fortis, sometimes reconstructed as /c/
  3. of dubious authenticity/reconstruction supported by limited evidence, loan words only
  4. lenis
  5. sometimes reconstructed as front /e/
  6. lenis
  7. lenis
  8. sometimes reconstructed as central /ɨ/ or back /ɯ/
  9. lenis; possibly /dʒ ~ ɟ/; of dubious authenticity/reconstruction supported by limited evidence, loan words only
  10. fortis
  11. fortis
  12. of dubious authenticity/reconstruction supported by limited evidence, loan words only
  13. sometimes reconstructed as central /ɵ/ or front /ø/
  14. fortis, not found word initially
  15. possibly /ʔ/, phonemic status disputed
  16. fortis
  17. sometimes reconstructed as central /ʉ/ or front /y/
  18. reconstructed variously as /x/, /ɣ/, /ħ/, /h/
Latest 8 related articles listed below.
Historical phonology of Ngeyvic
Vaahʔleh Luluo, 1918
19-Oct-19 19:07
Proto-East-Mirarian phonology
The reconstructed phonology of Proto-East-Mirarian
24-Aug-19 03:29
Typological information for Proto-East-Mirarian

Number of nominal casesEight cases or more
Noun numbersSingular/Dual/Plural
Morphological typologyAgglutinative
Morphosyntactic alignmentFluid-S

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