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Proto-East Mirarian [PEMN]
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Typology Progressing 694 words
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Proto-East Mirarian
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Registered by [Deactivated User] on 8 June 2016
+ shared with: [Deactivated User], [Deactivated User]
Language type Proto-Conlang
Species Human/humanoid
About Proto-East Mirarian A reconstructed Proto-language spoken approximately between 7000 and 5000 years ago in Eastern Miraria. Its descendants consist of the Mahavic, Ngeyvic, Ughmaric, Kunorvian and Elipo-Hedretic branches.
Sample of Proto-East Mirarian[view] gusayaŋan cus gusat

The bright sun shines.
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Latest vocabulary
šilcənduck
igənford
mö-pfew
Language family relationships
Language treeEast Mirarian
 ⤷  Proto-East Mirarian
[view] About East MirarianA large language family originating from Eastern Miraria (hence the name).
Phonology
ConsonantsBilabialAlveolarPost-
Alveolar
PalatalLabio-
velar
VelarGlottalOther
Nasal m n   (ɲ)1   ŋ    
Plosive p2 b3 t4 d5       k6 kʷ7 g8 gʷ9    
Fricative   s z ʃ     x10 h11  
Affricate     t͡ʃ12 (d͡ʒ)13         (t͡ɬ)14
Lateral approximant   l            
Lateral fricative   ɬ            
Approximant       j w      
Trill   r            
  1. of dubious authenticity/reconstruction supported by limited evidence
  2. fortis, not found word initially
  3. lenis
  4. fortis
  5. lenis
  6. fortis
  7. fortis
  8. lenis
  9. lenis
  10. reconstructed variously as /x/, /ɣ/, /ħ/, /h/
  11. possibly /ʔ/, phonemic status disputed
  12. fortis, sometimes reconstructed as /c/
  13. lenis; possibly /dʒ ~ ɟ/; of dubious authenticity/reconstruction supported by limited evidence
  14. of dubious authenticity/reconstruction supported by limited evidence
VowelsFrontNear-
front
CentralNear-
back
Back
Close i       u1
Near-close   ɪ2   ʊ  
Close-mid         o3
Mid     ə4    
Open-mid         ɔ
Open         ɑ
  1. sometimes reconstructed as central /ʉ/ or front /y/
  2. sometimes reconstructed as central /ɨ/ or back /ɯ/
  3. sometimes reconstructed as central /ɵ/ or front /ø/
  4. sometimes reconstructed as front /e/
Orthography
Below is the orthography for Proto-East Mirarian. This includes all graphemes as defined in the language's phonology settings - excluding the non-distinct graphemes/polygraphs.
 Proto-East MirarianOrthography [edit]
a/ɑ/b/b/1c/t͡ʃ/2ć/t͡ɬ/3d/d/4g/g/5/gʷ/6ı/ɪ/7i/i/j/d͡ʒ/8k/k/9
/kʷ/10l/l/m/m/ñ/ɲ/11n/n/ö/o/12o/ɔ/p/p/13q/h/14r/r/ś/ɬ/
s/s/š/ʃ/t/t/15u/ʊ/ü/u/16w/w/x/x/17y/j/z/z/ŋ/ŋ/ə/ə/18
✖ Unknown alphabetical order [change]
  1. lenis
  2. fortis, sometimes reconstructed as /c/
  3. of dubious authenticity/reconstruction supported by limited evidence, loan words only
  4. lenis
  5. lenis
  6. lenis
  7. sometimes reconstructed as central /ɨ/ or back /ɯ/
  8. lenis; possibly /dʒ ~ ɟ/; of dubious authenticity/reconstruction supported by limited evidence, loan words only
  9. fortis
  10. fortis
  11. of dubious authenticity/reconstruction supported by limited evidence, loan words only
  12. sometimes reconstructed as central /ɵ/ or front /ø/
  13. fortis, not found word initially
  14. possibly /ʔ/, phonemic status disputed
  15. fortis
  16. sometimes reconstructed as central /ʉ/ or front /y/
  17. reconstructed variously as /x/, /ɣ/, /ħ/, /h/
  18. sometimes reconstructed as front /e/
Latest 8 related articles listed below.
Historical phonology of Ngeyvic
Vaahʔleh Luluo, 1918
19-Oct-21 22:53
Proto-East-Mirarian phonology
The reconstructed phonology of Proto-East-Mirarian
15-Feb-21 23:15
Mahavic sound changes
PEM to Proto- and Old Mahavic
23-Jun-20 12:08
Typological information for Proto-East Mirarian

Noun numbersOther
Morphological typologyAgglutinative
Morphosyntactic alignmentNominative/Accusative
Number of nominal casesEight cases or more

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