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Literary Piringish [PNI]
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Typology Progressing 319 words
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Literary Piringish
Piringtem
[piriŋtɛm]
Registered by Fayarc on 20 February 2017
Language type A priori
Species Human/humanoid
About Literary Piringish
pirigtem

Piringish (piringtem) was the official language of the Insular Kingdom of Piringia (Lamneasienyang Piringa, lamnēsńĵag piriga), predecessor of the modern People's Republic of  Syoranka.


About the language:
  • Its main sentence structure is VSO, VOS being used in relative clauses.
  • The grammar is very simple, using a system of affixation.
  • Sentence parts are often glued together with the exception of the verb which must always be just itself, without anything added (for clarity of the message). This is, however, a stylistic variant that remains optional.
  • Alongside verbs, nouns also express time. That is to say, a noun describing a human will be different depending on whether the human is currently alive, dead, or not yet born.
  • There are two noun classes: Living and Non-Living. A few nouns that describe non-living things belong to the Living class, the reason being that those things (eg. Volcano) used to be worshipped by the Piri people.
  • Piringish also uses ideophones (glossed as adverbs with the class ideophones).
  • Piringish phonology is simple, with the majority of consonants being unvoiced.
Sample of Literary Piringish[view] Koahiensina kien laysi.

I love you!
[view all texts]
Latest vocabulary
pirkannhomeland
osounemnherb
ounemngrass
Sound samples in Literary Piringish
Some sound samples of Literary Piringish. Maximum of 6 shown. Click the links to see the full texts.
Lo kakranga parakum tikimayleatou tek kawalakawalaya keakayni sangaramasangarama kouloawatanga.
The volcano errupts when the sea seems the calmest.
Language family relationships
Language treeVarkanic
 ⤷  Proto-Varkanic
  ⤷ Early-Proto-Western-Varkanic
   ⤷  Proto-Western-Varkanic
    ⤷ Proto-Pringic
     ⤷  Classical Piringish
      ⤷  Literary Piringish
[view] About VarkanicOne of the primary language families of the Dragon Sea on Sahar, this is the family spoken by the Varkanic people, native to Uzil and Syoranka.

The Proto-West-Varkanic branch is the largest and most well-known, distinguished by its switching of ea...
Phonology
ConsonantsBilabialLabio-
dental
DentalAlveolarPalatalLabio-
velar
VelarGlottal
Nasal         ŋ  
Plosive p     t     k ʔ
Fricative   [f]1 θ s       h
Lateral approximant       l        
Approximant         j w    
Trill       r        
  1. allophone of /p/
VowelsFrontNear-
front
CentralBack
Close i     u
Near-close   ɪ    
Close-mid       o
Mid     ə  
Open-mid ɛ ɛ̃     ɔ
Open a      
Polyphthongs
Orthography
Below is the orthography for Literary Piringish. This includes all graphemes as defined in the language's phonology settings - excluding the non-distinct graphemes/polygraphs.
 Literary PiringishOrthography
ë
'
/ə/
a
Aa
qa
/a/
e
Ee
qe
/ɛ/
ē
EA ea
qea
/ɪ/
h
Hh
ha
/h/
i
Ii
qi
/i/
k
Kk
ka
/k/
l
Ll
la
/l/
m
Mm
ma
/m̥/
n
Nn
na
/n̪/
ń
IEN ien
qinanga
/ɛ̃/
g
NG ng
qang
/ŋ/
o
Oo
qo
/o/
ó
OU ou
qowa
/oʊ/
ə
OA oa
qoa
/ɔ/
p
Pp
pakoumap
/p/, [f]
ʔ
Qq
kkeqiqala
/ʔ/
r
Rr
ra
/r/
s
Ss
sa
/s/
t
Tt
ta
/t/
θ
TH th
tha
/θ/
u
Uu
qu
/u/
w
Ww
wa
/w/
ĵ
Yy
ya
/j/
✔ Shown in correct order
    Latest 8 related articles listed below.
    Piringian Anthem
    Official release 2017
    22-Jul-17 18:27
    Ideophones and Adverbs 22-Feb-17 17:35
    Typological information for Literary Piringish

    Inclusive/exclusive pronounsDistinct forms
    Number of nominal casesFour cases
    Primary word orderVSO
    Pronoun persons1st/2nd persons only
    Marked tense (verb)Past, Present, Future

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