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Proto-Suvo-Poshumic [PSP]
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Proto-Suvo-Poshumic
Registered by [Deactivated User] on 4 April 2016
Language type Proto-Conlang
Species Human/humanoid
About Proto-Suvo-Poshumic Very old! Proto³-language.

Two dialects: Western & Eastern
Main difference is insertion of a- before initial {sp st sk} in Western dialect & whether <z> is an s-sound or r-sound.

Example derivations ( > Proto-Suvonic > Suvoon)
"frog" igyāskātay > eggaskatekka > gaskáth "frog"
"jump" igyāska > eggaskə > gask "dance"
"yesterday" hanxsīxtyū > həñsseettu > ngrát ~ ngshátú (variances by dialect?)

This language is as far back as any of its daughters can be reconstructed.

Note that the sequence /sh/ is pronounce as in e.g. the German word "bisher." It is never pronounced as in the English word "ship."

Grammatical features/daughter language traits:
SOV or SVO
Typically, more postpositions than prepositions
Adjectives, numerals and demonstratives may be in any order, historically had the following agreement affixes:
*-∅ an. sg. (*-tā in Proto-Poshumic)
*-yuqi inan. sg.

*-nabāy an. du.
*-mi inan. du.

*-sānk an. pl.
*-nusi inan. pl.

Animate/inanimate gender
Nominative/accusative/genitive/dative case system, singular/dual/plural number (at least some of these elements are lost in all daughter languages).
*-may inan. du.
*-tawq an. du.

*-nuq inan. pl.
*-qū an. pl.

Cases:
*-ān, accusative
*-ī or *-y, genitive
*-zan, dative
In Suvonic languages, case marking is only kept in the pronouns and the marked tenses are all conflated; in Poshumic languages, all three are kept (becoming /a, i, ɯ/). In Suvonic languages, the plural markers are applied erratically (and eventually all but disappear in Suvoon); in Poshumic languages, only *-tawq and -*qū are kept, with gender no longer influencing their application (except on 2-3 irregular words with *-nuq in the plural, specifically "trees," "rocks," and "clay")
Sample of Proto-Suvo-PoshumicCan't find any yet.
Latest vocabulary
qātvgo
kanubnhat
bāyqptcquestion particle
Language family relationships
Language treeHaspic
 ⤷  Haspuri
  ⤷  Proto-Suvo-Poshumic
 
Phonology
ConsonantsBilabialLabio-
dental
AlveolarPalatalLabio-
velar
VelarUvularPharyngealGlottal
Nasal m   n     [ŋ] [ɴ]    
Plosive p b   t d     k g q1 ɢ   ʔ
Fricative   f s       χ2 ħ3 h
Affricate     t͡s            
Lateral approximant     l            
Lateral fricative     ɬ            
Approximant       j w        
  1. causes lowering of /i u/
  2. causes lowering of /i u/
  3. causes e-coloring of /a/
VowelsFrontBack
Close i i: u u:
Open a a:  
Orthography
Below is the orthography for Proto-Suvo-Poshumic. This includes all graphemes as defined in the language's phonology settings - excluding the non-distinct graphemes/polygraphs.
 Proto-Suvo-PoshumicOrthography [edit]
Āā/a:/Aa/a/Bb/b/Cc/t͡s/Dd/d/Ff/f/Ğğ/ɢ/Gg/g/Hh/h/
Īī/i:/Ii/i/Kk/k/Ll/l/Mm/m/Nn/n/, [ɴ], [ŋ]Pp/p/Qq/q/1Ss/s/
Tt/t/Ūū/u:/Uu/u/Ww/w/Xx/χ/2Yy/j/Ħħ/ħ/3Łł/ɬ/ʔ/ʔ/
✖ Unknown alphabetical order [change]
  1. causes lowering of /i u/
  2. causes lowering of /i u/
  3. causes e-coloring of /a/
Latest 8 related articles listed below.
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Proto-Suvo-Poshumic Numerals, Colors, Etc
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Grammar: Old & Modern Chawuku
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25-Mar-17 17:31
Proto-Suvonic -› Suvoon
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21-Mar-17 02:39
Proto-Suvo-Poshumic -> Poshumi
in several phases
23-Apr-16 22:28
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