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Rùma [RMA]
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LotM Winner Typology Progressing 1,487 words
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Rùma
Rùma
['ɾʊ.ma]
Registered by walc on 19 January 2017
Language type A priori
Place & SpeakersRùma is spoken by a population of around 8,000,000 .
Species Human/humanoid
About Rùma ur[lda r[ma
Urùlda Rùma
The Rùma Language

Background
At its core, Rùma is a trade language that evolved from the mingling of  Ruyman and Skaradok in north-western Lonos, in present-day  Valdare. Today, it is the dominant language on the continent of Lonos. Most Rùma vocabulary comes from Ruyman, but there are dozens of loanwords from Skaradok in common parlance. Over the language's 600-odd years of evolution, various sound changes have occurred, as well as a staggering shift in syntax.

Here are some interesting features of modern Rùma:

Syntax
Rùma is a nominative-accusative SVO and moderately head-initial, but has peculiar prepositional phrase placement. Generally, sentences are structured as Subject + Indirect Object + Verb + Direct Object, with head-initial noun phrases and head-final verb phrases. (This is a relic of Ruyma's incredibly rare OVS syntax.) Some examples of this are:

I give him food = Ke ju prèn fecc = 1SFirst person singular (person)
speaker, signer, etc.; I
3MThird person masculine (person)
he/they
.OBJObject (argument) give food = ke ju pr]n fec
I give him food in the morning = Ke ju sos hajin prèn fecc = 1SFirst person singular (person)
speaker, signer, etc.; I
3MThird person masculine (person)
he/they
.OBJObject (argument) during morning give food = ke ju sos hajin pr]n fec

You get the idea.

Nouns and Pronouns
Rùma nouns may be inflected for the paucal (fewer than 5 items) or plural (more than 5 items). See this table for examples.

Rùma has a large pronoun inventory, with singular and plural for first, second, third, and fourth (the hypothetical "one" and "they") persons. Pronouns inflect for Subject (nominative), Object (accusative or dative), and Genitive cases, with alienability distinctions in the genitive. See the pronouns and possessives table for examples.

~~

I'm writing an article about Rùma's history--stay tuned!
Sample of Rùma[view] Urùl ara noa loras. On urùl hat toyf syev, lan fyèvy, ru zciny, ì ler ccèhèlky serim ì menkùlta ga dareda, urùrùly krem polo hak.

Language is an organism. The entity of language is born, germinates, hybrids itself, and through the earnestness of social and political forces, languages can even die. /
[view all texts]
Latest vocabulary
bènjùzìvreflect
bènjùsnmirror
rùrùmnpeople
Sound samples in Rùma
Some sound samples of Rùma. Maximum of 6 shown. Click the links to see the full texts.
Ì ke hausc brozc ccu ~koy~ jada rùrùjuil araelt nùro.
And I thought my jokes were bad.
As bre u koy kavu desèmèlt sès, levut ccu rebyu ìvùr nazca. Brosc ccu mozo ver vèl tagu jada.
If you guys want to come to my house, make sure to bring the alcohol. I think we’re going to need th...
Zaonda ara koy melsùr; ke ne desèmyu. Ade ko gren o hil lelezen lèfer sil: Ade jos ales alzozce ko ...
The Lord is my shepherd; I shall not want. He maketh me to lie down in green pastures: He leadeth m...
Ke u ein ì tsyin zcevyu Ler tom ccu haramda ì vonda sèsc Vonda ì haramda zcevyu Ì byorda ynta v...
I will go east and go west From whence came the moon and the sun The moon and the sun will go...
Koy debo ko larosc ccu nasc velozùt jo. K'aru uju hau ana.
My father told me to never get old. I should've listened to him.
Lumyu sy ladaskon tsùmsc.
Task failed successfully.
Language family relationships
Language treeRuyma
 ⤷  Ruyman
  ⤷ Lonosi Ruyman
   ⤷  Rùma
[view] About RuymaRuyman languages today are spoken throughout the continent of Lonos, but they originated on the continent of Oselli. Extant Ruyman languages are few in number, and while mutually unintelligible, extremely similar in vocabulary.
[view] Anovima (Anovan Rùma)Anovan Rùma is spoken in Anove, a country in southern Lonos that was founded by ethnic Ruym separatists. Thus, Anovan Rùma omits many common words with Skaradok roots or Skaradok loanwords. Anovan Rùma also has a slightly different phonology than common Rùma.
[view] Rùma Ondar (Common Rùma)Common Rùma is the dominant form of Rùma in Lonos, and is spoken by the vast majority of people in Valdare and Hadrea. Skaradok influence is fairly prominent in the common lexicon.
Phonology
ConsonantsBilabialLabio-
dental
AlveolarPost-
Alveolar
PalatalLabio-
velar
VelarGlottal
Nasal m   n       [ŋ]1  
Plosive p b   t d       k g  
Fricative   f v s z ʃ ʒ       h
Affricate     t͡s t͡ʃ d͡ʒ        
Lateral approximant     l          
Approximant         [j]2 w    
Flap     ɾ          
  1. allophone of /n/
  2. allophone of /i/
VowelsFrontCentralNear-
back
Back
Close i     u
Near-close     ʊ  
Close-mid e     o
Mid   ə1    
Open-mid ɛ      
Open a      
Polyphthongs ao au ai
  1. <e> is only pronounced /ə/ at the end of a word.
Orthography
Below is the orthography for Rùma. This includes all graphemes as defined in the language's phonology settings - excluding the non-distinct graphemes/polygraphs.
 RùmaOrthography
a
a
a
/a/
]
è
/ɛ/
;
ì
ìa
/ai/
[
ù
/ʊ/
b
b
eba
/b/
c
cc
ccì
/t͡ʃ/
d
d
do
/d/
e
e
e
/e/, /ə/1
f
f
fa
/f/
g
g
ega
/g/
h
h
hap
/h/
i
i
he
/ə/
j
j
/d͡ʒ/
k
k
ka
/k/
l
l
la
/l/
m
m
ma
/m/
n
n
na
/n/
o
o
o
/o/
p
p
pa
/p/
r
r
era
/ɾ/
s
s
sa
/s/
x
sc
sco
/ʃ/
t
t
ta
/t/
u
u
u
/u/
v
v
va
/v/
w
w
ewa
/w/
y
y
y
/i/, [j]
z
z
zo
/z/
q
zc
ezca
/ʒ/
✖ Unknown alphabetical order
  1. <e> is only pronounced /ə/ at the end of a word.
Latest 8 related articles listed below.
LotM - Sep 18: Rùma
Fall is here, and our language of the month is walc's wonder...
03-Sep-18 17:35
Evolution of Rùma
A description of how the Rùma language came to be.
03-Jun-18 18:23
Typological information for Rùma

Morphological typologySynthetic
Morphosyntactic alignmentNominative/Accusative
Noun head-directionalityHead initial
Primary word orderSVO
Verb head-directionalityHead final

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