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Sangesian [SAG]
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LotM Winner Typology Progressing 4,849 words
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sanke rulo
[ˈsæŋke ˈɾuɫo]*
Registered by [Deactivated User] on 10 March 2018
Language type A priori
Species Human/humanoid
About Sangesian

Sangesian is the language with the most speakers in my earth-like conworld Astanu, serving as the lingua franca for over a third of the world. It has also become my most developed conlang and has the largest vocabulary of my conlangs.

Here’s a link to the WIP grammar on Google Docs. Always assume in case of contradiction with CWS articles that the Google Doc is the most up-to-date cause I hate writing CWS articles.

Some features:
• small inventory and moderate syllable structure (C)V(C)
• an abjad-like script with syllable blocks
• split-S
• secundative
• mostly analytic
• no genders, limited animacy distinction
• weird pronouns (including a first person pronoun for talking to oneself)
• no adjectives (prepositional phrases for life)
• prepositional phrases act syntactically identically to nouns
• interrogative and relative pro-verbs
• pied-piping with inversion

It's not the size of the inventory that matters, it's what you do with it.
Sample of Sangesian[view] E set' o e yeymiko see na po tete ka kowo ke tamá see.

He who knows all the answers has not been asked all the questions.
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Latest vocabulary
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Sound samples in Sangesian
Some sound samples of Sangesian. Maximum of 6 shown. Click the links to see the full texts.
Mo yakiká peti nu si mo tawwa peti.
A city without a newspaper is a city without a soul.
O mii yoyó le me nee yetsé temó e ti utnuko.
We will keep the bears in the bathroom.
Ku mii rako nu ko nee ku mii naa.
My brain is in my arm.
Ru oo raa nu si raa nu si ru oo yu.
The sad truth is the truth is sad.
Mo yaa kowo ke po lalá e mii.
You need to give me the book.
Mo yaa na royá!
You must die!
Language family relationships
Language treeQaskan
 ⤷  Proto-Qaskan
  ⤷ Pori
   ⤷ Sangesian
    ⤷  Sangesian
[view] About QaskanA small but widespread language family spoken by various Astanu groups.

All languages in this family have a relatively small phonemic inventory and split-S alignment.
Nasal m   n   [ɲ]1   [ŋ]2    
Plosive p   t       k [ʔ]3  
Fricative [β]4 [f]5 s [ʃ]6 [ʝ]7        
Affricate       [t͡ʃ]8          
Lateral approximant     l           [ɫ]9
Approximant         j w      
Trill     r            
Flap     [ɾ]10            
  1. before /j/, allophone of /m n/
  2. before /k/, allophone of /m n/
  3. non-geminate intervocalic (within words), allophone of /k/
  4. geminate, allophone of /w/
  5. before /u/, allophone of /s/
  6. before /i/, allophone of /s/
  7. geminate, allophone of /j/
  8. before high vowels, allophone of /t/
  9. in the same syllable as a back vowel, allophone of /l/
  10. non-geminate in the onset, allophone of /r/
Close i   [ɨ]1 [ʉ]2   u
Near-close   [ɪ]3   [ʊ]4  
Close-mid e       o
Open-mid [ɛ]5       ɔ
Near-open [æ]6   [ɐ]7    
Open         ɑ
  1. in the same syllable as /j/, allophone of /i/
  2. in the same syllable as /w/, allophone of /u/
  3. before coda /r/, allophone of /i/
  4. before coda /r/, allophone of /u/
  5. before coda /r/, allophone of /e/
  6. after alveolars, allophone of /ɑ/
  7. before coda /r/, allophone of /ɑ/
Below is the orthography for Sangesian. This includes all graphemes as defined in the language's phonology settings - excluding the non-distinct graphemes/polygraphs.
 SangesianOrthography [edit]
Áá/ɑ/Aa/ɑ/, [ɐ]1, [æ]2Éé/e/Ee/e/, [ɛ]3Íí/i/Ii/i/, [ɪ]4, [ɨ]5Kk/k/, [ʔ]6Ll/l/, [ɫ]7Mm/m/Nn/n/
Óó/o/Oo/o/, [ɔ]8Pp/p/Rr/r/, [ɾ]9Ss/s/, [f]10, [ʃ]11Tt/t/, [t͡ʃ]12Úú/u/Uu/u/, [ʊ]13, [ʉ]14Ww/w/, [β]15Yy/j/, [ʝ]16
✖ Unknown alphabetical order [change]
  1. before coda /r/
  2. after alveolars
  3. before coda /r/
  4. before coda /r/
  5. in the same syllable as /j/
  6. non-geminate intervocalic (within words)
  7. in the same syllable as a back vowel
  8. before coda /r/
  9. non-geminate in the onset
  10. before /u/
  11. before /i/
  12. before high vowels
  13. before coda /r/
  14. in the same syllable as /w/
  15. geminate
  16. geminate
Latest 8 related articles listed below.
Astanu-Specific Terms 09-Oct-19 08:15
LotM - Jul 19: Sangesian
July’s winner, soup’s Sangesian, is an a priori language who...
29-Jun-19 15:01
Sangesian Adjectives 31-Dec-18 05:49
Sangesian Questions 04-Sep-18 04:47
Sangesian Verbs 12-Aug-18 08:35
Typological information for Sangesian

Animacy distinctionsThree distinctions
Base counting systemDuodecimal (12)
Demonstrative proximityDistal/Medial/Proximal
Morphosyntactic alignmentSplit-S
Polar question markingInterrogative verb marking

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