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Sangesian [SAG]
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LotM Winner Typology Progressing 1,714 words
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Sangesian
sanke rulo
[ˈsæŋke ˈɾuɫo]*
Registered by soup on 10 March 2018
Language type A priori
Species Human/humanoid
About Sangesian Sangesian is the language with the most speakers in my earth-like conworld Astanu, serving as the lingua franca for much of the "Eastern World". It has also become my most developed conlang and has the largest vocabulary of my conlangs.

Here’s a link to the WIP grammar on Google Docs. Always assume in case of contradiction with CWS articles that the Google Doc is the most up-to-date cause I hate writing CWS articles.

Some features:
• small inventory and moderate syllable structure (C)V(C)
• mix between a syllabary and an abugida
• split-S
• secundative
• mostly analytic
• no genders, very limited animacy distinction
• weird pronouns (including a first person pronoun for talking to oneself)
• no adjectives (prepositional phrases for life)
• prepositional phrases act syntactically identically to nouns
• interrogative and relative pro-verbs
• pied-piping with inversion

It's not the size of the inventory that matters, it's what you do with it.
Sample of Sangesian[view] A yoyó lu nee akmako tíwru.

We live in a society.
[view all texts]
Latest vocabulary
napnelonoutline
rantunpersona
rantunprofile
Sound samples in Sangesian
Some sound samples of Sangesian. Maximum of 6 shown. Click the links to see the full texts.
O mii yoyó le me nee yetsé temó e ti utnuko.
We will keep the bears in the bathroom.
Ku mii rako nu ko nee ku mii naa.
My brain is in my arm.
Lo suuy o wa
I am speaking to you
Ru oo raa nu si raa nu si ru oo yu
The sad truth is the truth is sad.
Mawo see tu si po.
Mothers are gold.
Mo yaa kowo ke po lalá e mii.
You need to give me the book.
Language family relationships
Language treeQaskan
 ⤷  Proto-Qaskan
  ⤷ Pori
   ⤷  Sangesian
[view] About QaskanA small but widespread language family spoken by various Astanu groups.

All languages in this family have a relatively small phonemic inventory and split-S alignment.
Phonology
ConsonantsBilabialLabio-
dental
AlveolarPost-
Alveolar
RetroflexPalatalLabio-
velar
VelarGlottalOther
Nasal m   n   [ɳ]1     [ŋ]2    
Plosive p   t         k [ʔ]3  
Fricative [β]4 [f]5 s [ʃ]6   [ʝ]7        
Affricate       [t͡ʃ]8            
Lateral approximant     l             [ɫ]9
Approximant           j w      
Trill     r              
Flap     [ɾ]10              
  1. before /j/, allophone of /m n/
  2. before /k/, allophone of /m n/
  3. non-geminate intervocalic (within words), allophone of /k/
  4. geminate, allophone of /w/
  5. before /u/, allophone of /s/
  6. before /i/, allophone of /s/
  7. geminate, allophone of /j/
  8. before high vowels, allophone of /t/
  9. in the same syllable as a back vowel, allophone of /l/
  10. non-geminate in the onset, allophone of /r/
VowelsFrontNear-
front
CentralNear-
back
Back
Close i   [ɨ]1 [ʉ]2   u
Near-close   [ɪ]3   [ʊ]4  
Close-mid e       o
Open-mid [ɛ]5       [ɔ]6
Near-open [æ]7   [ɐ]8    
Open         ɑ
  1. in the same syllable as /j/, allophone of /i/
  2. in the same syllable as /w/, allophone of /u/
  3. before coda /r/, allophone of /i/
  4. before coda /r/, allophone of /u/
  5. before coda /r/, allophone of /e/
  6. before coda /r/, allophone of /o/
  7. after alveolars, allophone of /ɑ/
  8. before coda /r/, allophone of /ɑ/
Orthography
Below is the orthography for Sangesian. This includes all graphemes as defined in the language's phonology settings - excluding the non-distinct graphemes/polygraphs.
 SangesianOrthography
Mm/m/Nn/n/Pp/p/Tt/t/, [t͡ʃ]1Kk/k/, [ʔ]2Ww/w/, [β]3Yy/j/, [ʝ]4Ss/s/, [f]5, [ʃ]6Rr/r/, [ɾ]7Ll/l/, [ɫ]8
Aa/ɑ/, [æ]9, [ɐ]10Ii/i/, [ɨ]11, [ɪ]12Uu/u/, [ʉ]13, [ʊ]14Ee/e/, [ɛ]15Oo/o/, [ɔ]16Áá/ɑ/Éé/e/Íí/i/Óó/o/Úú/u/
✖ Unknown alphabetical order
  1. before high vowels
  2. non-geminate intervocalic (within words)
  3. geminate
  4. geminate
  5. before /u/
  6. before /i/
  7. non-geminate in the onset
  8. in the same syllable as a back vowel
  9. after alveolars
  10. before coda /r/
  11. in the same syllable as /j/
  12. before coda /r/
  13. in the same syllable as /w/
  14. before coda /r/
  15. before coda /r/
  16. before coda /r/
Latest 8 related articles listed below.
Astanu-Specific Terms 09-Oct-19 08:15
LotM - Jul 19: Sangesian
July’s winner, soup’s Sangesian, is an a priori language who...
29-Jun-19 15:01
Sangesian Adjectives 31-Dec-18 05:49
Sangesian Questions 04-Sep-18 04:47
Sangesian Verbs 12-Aug-18 08:35
Typological information for Sangesian

Animacy distinctionsThree distinctions
Base counting systemDuodecimal (12)
Demonstrative proximityDistal/Medial/Proximal
Morphosyntactic alignmentSplit-S
Polar question markingInterrogative verb marking

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