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Sáharían [SHI]
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Typology Functional 3,150 words
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Sáharían
Sáharíarn
[ˈsa.häˈʀi.äʁɴ]
Registered by CantaloupeCat on 21 November 2016
Language type Artistic Language (Artlang)
Species Human/humanoid
About Sáharían Sáharían is spoken by the people of a small island in a conworld, comparable to Anglo-Saxon Britain, but more remote (and highly isolationist for most of its fairly short history).

The language as it is on CWS represents Sáharían at the end of Sáharía's existence, and the beginning of its (near-identical) successor state Vúlnoría, after the stage where kennings and poetic phrases had ceased replacing existing words (the language before that process began is called Old Sáharían).

Sáharían is mostly isolating, and its grammar relies heavily on syntax. Words can generally be used quite elastically. Its verbs and nouns are very regular, though switching between nouns/ verbs/ adjectives/ adverbs is much less so.

The common dialect is termed Lúrathen, when disambiguation is needed. Its claim to being the main form of Sáharían is held by being the dialect spoken throughout central Sáharía, around the capital, and by the travelling story-tellers (to whom the name "Lúrathen" refers). The other dialects are distinguished mostly by phonological differences.
Sample of Sáharían[view] Geór súna thálane ilís / yagó shála féla falín, / ralcór sáthurór shálonal.

There I heard nothing / but the roaring sea, / the ice-cold wave.
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Latest vocabulary
táluadvpossibly
lóbruadvalways
únevadvoccasionally
Language family relationships
Language treeCélibrían
 ⤷ Proto-Célibrían
  ⤷ Early Célibrían
   ⤷ Middle Célibrían
    ⤷ Tílthorían
     ⤷ Old Sáharían
      ⤷  Sáharían
[view] About CélibríanThe Célibrían languages, to use the Sáharían term, originated in a small region of a small continent. Around a thousand years into their history, a branch of Célibrían also appeared on a very small island a not-so-small distance away.

Features com...
[view] Cráincavéna (Bridgetown)Spoken in the town surrounding the main bridge spanning Sáharía's largest river, in the heart of the farmland.

Its features are the odd changes of g to ʒ, and ʃ to t͡ʃ, a complete lack of susurration, and lack of ʀ, instead always using ʁ.
[view] Thúroshó (North Port)Spoken in the area around Sáharía's main harbour, its town and the Táranórn, on the north coast.

It shows significant influence from Quémar, most obviously with the phonemes d, m and z, the use of t and d as word-final codal consonants, and the shifts of ʃ to t͡s and ʒʱ to d͡z. More subtly, it uses /ʔ/ between vowelsIt also shares a few affixes kept distinct in the Lúrathen, which could have first been used in either language, as they derive from Sáharían adpositions/particles/adverbs.
[view] Ároca (Northeastern)Spoken in Sáharía's northeastern forests—its primary borderlands. Accordingly, it shows some Shêlanian influence, though also a degree of Quemari or Thúroshór influence.

Ároca has a penchant for shortening common adverbs and other pseudo-adverbs/particles. It has also unstressed e as ə and unstressed i as ɪ, voices /t/, /θ/ and /s/ next to voiced phonemes, collapses /eɪ/ ("ay", "ei", etc.) into /e/, and changes /b/ to /v/ when combined with /ʀ/ (which breaks any
combinations).
[view] Ároásh (Northwestern)Spoken in the far northwest of Sáharían. The moors, downs and coast where the Ároashánal (Northwesterners) live are the most remote part of the country inhabited, and their dialect reflects this.

Its key differences from the rest of Sáharían are that its consonants are aspirated or murmured before stressed vowels, and that it retained the Old Sáharían ð. It also lacks the diphthong eɪ, instead treating it as two distinct vowels /e.i/ or /a.i/.
[view] Sílcavón (Southeastern)Spoken in Sáharía's far southeast, in the forests along the coast.

It has divided stressed and unstressed e, i and u; into e & ɛ, i & ɪ, and u & ʊ, respectively.
[view] Sílvashó (Southwestern)Spoken in Sáharía's southwest, in a coastal-moorland area.

Sílvashó Sáharían brings the stressed-unstressed distinction into a full long-short vowel system.
Phonology
ConsonantsBilabialLabio-
dental
DentalAlveolarPost-
Alveolar
PalatalVelarUvularGlottal
Nasal [m]1   [n̪]2 n   [ɲ]3 [ŋ]4 [ɴ]5  
Plosive b   [t̪]6 t     k g [q]7 [ɢ]8  
Fricative [ɸ]9 [β]10 f v θ s ʃ [ʒ]11 ʒʱ   [x]12 [χ]13 [ʁ]14 h
Lateral approximant       l [l̪]15 [lˑ]16          
Approximant           j      
Trill       [r]17       ʀ [ʀʱ]18  
Blends [ʀr]19
  1. Sometimes occurs before b, allophone of /n/
  2. Sometimes occurs in association with θ, allophone of /n/
  3. Sometimes occurs before j, allophone of /n/
  4. Sometimes occurs before k and g, allophone of /n/
  5. Often occurs in association with /ʀ/, allophone of /n/
  6. Sometimes occurs after θ and/or before back vowels, allophone of /t/
  7. Sometimes occurs in association with /ʀ/, allophone of /k/
  8. Sometimes occurs in association with /ʀ/, allophone of /g/
  9. Sometimes occurs before unstressed vowels especially word initially, allophone of /f/
  10. Sometimes occurs before unstressed vowels especially word initially, allophone of /v/
  11. Occasionally occurs before unstressed vowels, allophone of /ʒʱ/
  12. Free variation but especially after /ʀ/, allophone of /h/
  13. Free variation, allophone of /h/
  14. Sometimes occurs in codas, allophone of /ʀ/
  15. Sometimes occurs in association with θ, allophone of /l/
  16. Sometimes occurs before stressed vowels, allophone of /l/
  17. Often occurs in the combination , allophone of /ʀ/
  18. Sometimes occurs before stressed vowels, allophone of /ʀ/
  19. Sometimes occurs before front vowels, allophone of /ʀ/
VowelsFrontCentralBack
Close i   u
Close-mid e   o
Mid [e̞]1   [o̞]2
Open-mid [ɛ]3    
Open a [ä]4  
Polyphthongs [aɪ]5
  1. Often occurs before codal /n/ and/or in unstressed syllables between two stressed ones, allophone of /e/
  2. Sometimes occurs in closed syllables, allophone of /o/
  3. Sometimes replaces non-final unstressed /e/ when not between two stressed syllables, and not initial, allophone of /e/
  4. Sometimes occurs in unstressed syllables, allophone of /a/
  5. Free variation but especially common near /e/, allophone of /eɪ/
Orthography
Below is the orthography for Sáharían. This includes all graphemes as defined in the language's phonology settings - excluding the non-distinct graphemes/polygraphs.
 SáharíanOrthography
Aa/a/, [ä]1AY ay/eɪ/, [aɪ]2Bb/b/Cc/k/, [q]3Ee/e/, [ɛ]4, [e̞]5Ff/f/, [ɸ]6Gg/g/, [ɢ]7Hh/h/, [x]8, [χ]9Ii/i/Jj/ʒʱ/, [ʒ]10Ll/l/, [lˑ]11, [l̪]12
Nn/n/, [ɴ]13, [m]14, [ŋ]15, [ɲ]16, [n̪]17Oo/o/, [o̞]18Rr/ʀ/, [ʀʱ]19, [ʁ]20, [ʀr]21, [r]22Ss/s/SH sh/ʃ/Tt/t/, [t̪]23TH th/θ/Uu/u/Vv/v/, [β]24Yy/j/
✖ Unknown alphabetical order
  1. Sometimes occurs in unstressed syllables
  2. Free variation but especially common near /e/
  3. Sometimes occurs in association with /ʀ/
  4. Sometimes replaces non-final unstressed /e/ when not between two stressed syllables, and not initial
  5. Often occurs before codal /n/ and/or in unstressed syllables between two stressed ones
  6. Sometimes occurs before unstressed vowels especially word initially
  7. Sometimes occurs in association with /ʀ/
  8. Free variation but especially after /ʀ/
  9. Free variation
  10. Occasionally occurs before unstressed vowels
  11. Sometimes occurs before stressed vowels
  12. Sometimes occurs in association with θ
  13. Often occurs in association with /ʀ/
  14. Sometimes occurs before b
  15. Sometimes occurs before k and g
  16. Sometimes occurs before j
  17. Sometimes occurs in association with θ
  18. Sometimes occurs in closed syllables
  19. Sometimes occurs before stressed vowels
  20. Sometimes occurs in codas
  21. Sometimes occurs before front vowels
  22. Often occurs in the combination
  23. Sometimes occurs after θ and/or before back vowels
  24. Sometimes occurs before unstressed vowels especially word initially
Latest 8 related articles listed below.
Numbers in Sáharían
Formation, symbols, mathematical notation and the monetary s...
24-Sep-19 16:52
Sáharían Grammar
A basic overview
27-Jun-19 20:22
Sáharían Cultural Notes
Religion, Politeness, Names, Idioms, Proverbs
15-Apr-19 15:54
Sáharíar Súval
Sáharían texts and excerpts
26-Apr-18 05:35
Typological information for Sáharían

Base counting systemQuinary (5)
Morphosyntactic alignmentFluid-S
Primary word orderOVS
Stress marked?Yes - diacritic
Marked tense (verb)Past, Non-Past

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