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Solish [SLX]
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Typology Functional 1,430 words
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Solish
Soolikoviit
[sɤ:likɤvi:t̪]*
Registered by Utsiitak on 20 May 2020
Language type A priori
Place & SpeakersSolish is spoken by a population of around 2,500,000 in Solico.
Species Human/humanoid
About Solish


nanu, ea utsiitak! haukori kaanuookxoptinozavu soolikoviitit!

Nanu, ea Utsiitak! Haukori Kaanuookxoptinozavu Soolikoviitit!

[n̪an̪ɯ e̞.a ɯt̪si:t̪ak haɯ̯kɤri ka:n̪ɯɤ:kʃɤpt̪in̪ɤzavɯ sɤ:likɤvi:t̪it̪]

hello be-1SFirst person singular (person)
speaker, signer, etc.; I
Utsiitak | welcome ConWorkShop-page-ALLAllative (case)
'to, onto'
Solico.language-GENGenitive (case)
possessive

Hi, I'm Utsiitak! Welcome to the ConWorkShop page of Solish!




Some Solish features!
  • SVO word order
  • Tons of noun, adjective, and verb cases
  • Strict pronunciation rules
  • Voiced/voiceless consonant harmony
  • Long and short vowels and consonants
  • What's a rounded vowel?
  • Alphasyllabary writing system
  • Highly agglutinative
  • No grammatical gender or distinct gendered words (actor/actress, waiter/waitress, etc)!
  • Neutral alignment




Solish is the primary language spoken in the fictitious country of  Solico. It takes inspiration from various world languages, including Caucasian, Slavic, Uralic, and Japonic languages. In fiction, it is a language isolate, but does have some loan words and some light influence from other world languages.

It should be noted that the state of this language is volatile; that is, things are very likely to change drastically and at a rapid pace. This is an ongoing project and one that I'm passionate about, though that will require some trial and error and seeing what works for me. Expect frequent changes.
Sample of Solish[view] Masittu. Afrika. Hujjanebavato.

Tuesday. Africa. Lion o’clock.
[view all texts]
Latest vocabulary
boohmelukadjfluffy
boohmenfluff
tipuhadjaware
Language family relationships
Language treeIsolates
 ⤷ Isolate languages
  ⤷  Solish
[view] About IsolatesThis is a family for isolate languages.
Phonology
ConsonantsBilabialLabio-
dental
DentalAlveolarPost-
Alveolar
PalatalLabio-
velar
VelarGlottal
Nasal m m:   n̪ n̪:            
Plosive p p: b b:   t̪ t̪: d̪ d̪:         k k: g g:  
Fricative   f f: v v:   s s: z z: ʃ ʃ: ʒ ʒ: [ç]1     h
Lateral approximant       l l:          
Approximant           [j]2 [ʍ̜]3 [w̜]4    
Trill       r          
Flap       [ɾ]5          
  1. When before /i/, allophone of /h/
  2. When between two vowels or at the start of a word, allophone of /i/
  3. When before /u/, allophone of /h/
  4. When between two vowels or at the start of a word, allophone of /ɯ/
  5. When not at the start of a word, allophone of /r/
VowelsFrontBack
Close i i: ɯ ɯ:
Close-mid   ɤ ɤ:
Mid e̞ e̞:  
Open a a:  
Polyphthongs ai̯ e̞i̯ aɯ̯ e̞ɯ̯ ɤi̯
Syllable StructureSyllables always follow a (C)V/D(C) structure, with D being any one of the five vowel diphthongs.

Gemination rules:
- A word cannot begin or end with a geminated consonant.
- Two or more geminated consonants cannot be beside each other.
- A geminated consonant cannot be in front nor behind a long vowel. (ex. aall, oott)*
- A geminated consonant cannot be in front nor behind another consonant. (ex. allk, ommt)
- If grammar creates a geminated three-character-long consonant (ex. alll, ottt), place a vowel that matches that of the previous vowel after the second consonant (ex. allal, ottot).
- [h] and any of its allophones cannot be geminated.
- [r] cannot be geminated.

*It should be noted that in some instances, grammar creates a word that contains a geminated consonant followed by a long vowel (ex. od [real] + -taa [elative descriptor] = oddaa [too real]). If this happens, leave it as is. This rule only apply to creating Solish roots and loaning from other languages.
Stress informationStress usually falls on the first syllable, but it isn't too important where you place it. Oftentimes, other syllables are stressed for a poetic, lyrical, or dramatic/emphatic effect.
OtherAllophony rules:
- /hɯ/ and /hi/ become /ʍ̜/ and /ç/ respectively when before another vowel.
- /r/ is trilled at the start of a word, but when placed anywhere else within it, it becomes /ɾ/ (tapped).
- /i/ and /ɯ/ become /j/ and /w̜/ respectively when behind another vowel.
- Consonants have voiced/voicelessness harmonization with the consonant before it if it is next to one. (ex. /tz/ is illegal and becomes /ts/). If grammar creates an illegal pairing, it is necessary to change the spelling and pronunciation to correct it (ex. hukket [thank you] + -zo [negation suffix] becomes hukketso [no thanks]).
- /ʍ/ and /w/ are not very rounded in Solish, so narrow transcription uses the less-rounding symbol: [ʍ̜][w̜]

***EXCEPTIONS: /m/ and /n/ do not need to harmonize. Likewise, consonants don't need to harmonize at the ends and beginnings of words (ex. /ad po/ can remain as such, but /adpo/ must be /adbo/).***

Additional loan word notes:
- Sometimes, loaning from other languages introduces a consonant cluster at the start or end of a word (ex. Kristus [Christ]). If this is the case, leave them as is. Only native Solish words cannot have consonant clusters of more than two characters.
Orthography
Below is the orthography for Solish. This includes all graphemes as defined in the language's phonology settings - excluding the non-distinct graphemes/polygraphs.
 SolishOrthography
a
Aa
a
/a/
aa
AA aa
a kuu
/a:/
e
Ee
e
/e̞/
ee
EE ee
e kuu
/e̞:/
o
Oo
o
/ɤ/
oo
OO oo
o kuu
/ɤ:/
i
Ii
i
/i/, [j]1
ii
II ii
i kuu
/i:/
u
Uu
u
/ɯ/, [w̜]2
uu
UU uu
u kuu
/ɯ:/
m
Mm
mal
/m/
n
Nn
noki
/n̪/
p
Pp
pat
/p/
b
Bb
bega
/b/
t
Tt
tip
/t̪/
d
Dd
dap
/d̪/
k
Kk
ku
/k/
g
Gg
go
/g/
f
Ff
foi
/f/
v
Vv
ve
/v/
s
Ss
sin
/s/
z
Zz
zed
/z/
x
Xx
xok
/ʃ/
j
Jj
jek
/ʒ/
h
Hh
hau
/h/
l
Ll
la
/l/
r
Rr
ra
/r/
✔ Shown in correct order
  1. When between two vowels or at the start of a word.
  2. When between two vowels or at the start of a word
Additional NotesSolish consonants are ordered roughly by their manner of articulation, and vowels are ordered roughly by tongue position in the mouth.
Latest 8 related articles listed below.
Solish's Orthography
A full description of the Solish script.
17-Sep-21 17:00
Solish Numbers
A full description of Solish numbers.
17-Sep-21 16:54
Wh-questions in Solish
An explanation of the various question particles used in Sol...
25-Jun-21 20:56
Typological information for Solish

GendersNone
Morphological typologyAgglutinative
Morphosyntactic alignmentNeutral
Phonemic vowel lengthShort/Long
Primary word orderSVO

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