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Solish [SLX]
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Typology Progressing 1,842 words
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Solish
Solikkovyt
[sɤlik:ɤvɨt̪]*
Registered by Utsiitak on 20 May 2020
Language type A priori
Place & SpeakersSolish is spoken by a population of around 600,000 in Solico.
Species Human/humanoid
About Solish


Nanu, ea Utsiitak! Haykoi KaanUookŚoptinolai Solikkovytyt!

[n̪an̪u ea ut̪si:t̪ak haɨkɤi ka:n̪uɤ:kʃɤpt̪in̪ɤlai sɤlik:ɤvɨt̪ɨt̪]

hello be-1SFirst person singular (person)
speaker, signer, etc.; I
Utsiitak | welcome ConWorkShop-page-ALLAllative (case)
'to, onto'
Solico.language-GENGenitive (case)
possessive

Hi, I'm Utsiitak! Welcome to the ConWorkShop page of Solish!




Some Solish features!
  • SVO word order
  • Tons of noun, adjective, and verb suffixes
  • Consonant voicedness assimilation
  • Long and short vowels and consonants
  • Highly agglutinative
  • No grammatical gender or distinct gendered words (actor/actress, waiter/waitress, etc)
  • Mostly neutral alignment
  • Polypersonal verb agreement
  • No special case for adverbs, they are simply adjectives placed after verbs
  • Phonemic/regular spelling




Solish is the primary language spoken in the fictitious country of Solico. It takes inspiration from various world languages, including Caucasian, Turkic, Uralic, Inuit, and Algonquian languages. In fiction, it is a language isolate, but does have some loan words and some light influence from other world languages, most notably English and Norwegian.

It should be noted that the state of this language is volatile; that is, things are very likely to change drastically and at a rapid pace. Vocabulary, cases, and the like may change quite often. This is an ongoing project and one that I'm passionate about, though that will require some trial and error and seeing what works for me. Expect frequent changes.
Sample of Solish[view] Lor emtu tenlai ese śerebaś.

It was very easy to throw aside the blanket.
[view all texts]
Latest vocabulary
źiuadjexact
tamonnvgo backwards
iwacwhat if
Language family relationships
Language treeIsolates
 ⤷ Isolate languages
  ⤷  Solish
[view] About IsolatesThis is a family for isolate languages.
Phonology
ConsonantsBilabialLabio-
dental
DentalAlveolarPost-
Alveolar
PalatalLabio-
velar
VelarGlottal
Nasal m m:   n̪ n̪:            
Plosive p p: b b:   t̪ t̪: d̪ d̪:         k k: g g:  
Fricative   f f: v v:   s s: z z: ʃ ʃ: ʒ ʒ: [ç]1     h
Lateral approximant       l l:          
Approximant           j [ʍ]2 w    
Trill       r3          
Flap       ɾ          
  1. When before /i/ or as /hj/, allophone of /h/
  2. When before /u/ or as /hw/, allophone of /h/
  3. Long/geminated form of /ɾ/
VowelsFrontCentralBack
Close i i: ɨ ɨ: u u:
Close-mid e e:   ɤ ɤ:
Open a a:    
Syllable StructureSyllables always follow a (C)V(C) structure.

Gemination rules:
- A word cannot begin with a geminated consonant.
- Two or more geminated consonants cannot be beside each other.
- If grammar creates a geminated three-character-long consonant (ex. alll, ottt), place a vowel that matches that of the previous vowel after the second consonant (ex. allal, ottot).
- /h/, /j/, and /w/ cannot be geminated.
- When /ɾ/ is geminated, it turns from a tap [ɾ] to a trill [r]. The length of the trill is unimportant, but there should be a clear trill sound and not simply a tap.

Other rules:
- /ji/ and /wu/ (as well as their long vowel counterparts) are illegal syllables.
- Solish has no phonemic diphthongs. (ex. "au" is analyzed as having two separate syllables: "a" and "u")
- <rl> and <lr> are illegal consonant clusters. Respectively, they should be turned into <rr> and <ll>.
- <sś>, <śs>, <zź>, and <źz> are illegal consonant clusters. Respectively, they should be turned into <ss>, <śś>, <zz>, and <źź>.
Stress informationStress usually falls on the first syllable, but it isn't too important where you place it. Oftentimes, other syllables are stressed for a poetic, lyrical, or dramatic/emphatic effect.
OtherAllophony rules:
- Consonants assimilate voicedness with the consonant before it if it is next to one. (ex. /tz/ is illegal and becomes /ts/). If grammar creates an illegal pairing, it is necessary to change the spelling and pronunciation to correct it (ex. zodd [knowledge] + -kit [intrumental suffix] becomes zoddgit [using knowledge]). However, /m/ and /n/ do not need to assimilate. Likewise, consonants don't need to assimilate at the ends and beginnings of words (ex. /ad po/ can remain as such, but /adpo/ must be /adbo/).
- These following phonemes exhibit free variation, and these variants do not change meaning in words:
[ʒ] → [ʒ~d͡ʒ]
[ʃ] → [ʃ~t͡ʃ]
[ɤ] → [ə~ɤ~o̜]
[p] → [p~pʰ]
[t̪] → [t̪~t̪ʰ]
[k] → [k~kʰ]
[ɨ] → [ɨ~ɯ]
These variants aren't considered "standard" (and are more or less here for extra technical phonetic analysis), but are still used by a good majority of native Solish speakers, especially in fast and casual speech. They can be used interchangeably with their standard forms.
Orthography
Below is the orthography for Solish. This includes all graphemes as defined in the language's phonology settings - excluding the non-distinct graphemes/polygraphs.
 SolishOrthography [edit]
Aa
a
/a/
AA aa
aa
/a:/
Bb
bega
/b/
BB bb
bebbega
/b:/
Dd
dap
/d̪/
DD dd
daddap
/d̪:/
Ee
e
/e/
EE ee
ee
/e:/
Ff
foi
/f/
FF ff
foffoi
/f:/
Gg
go
/g/
GG gg
goggo
/g:/
Hh
hau
/h/
Ii
i
/i/
II ii
ii
/i:/
Jj
jau
/j/
Kk
ky
/k/
KK kk
kykky
/k:/
Ll
la
/l/
LL ll
lalla
/l:/
Mm
mas
/m/
MM mm
mammas
/m:/
Nn
nuki
/n̪/
NN nn
nunnuki
/n̪:/
Oo
o
/ɤ/
OO oo
oo
/ɤ:/
Pp
pat
/p/
PP pp
pappat
/p:/
Rr
ra
/ɾ/
RR rr
rarra
/r/1
Ss
sin
/s/
SS ss
sissin
/s:/
Śś
śok
/ʃ/
ŚŚ śś
śośśok
/ʃ:/
Tt
tip
/t̪/
TT tt
tittip
/t̪:/
Uu
u
/u/
UU uu
uu
/u:/
Vv
ve
/v/
VV vv
vevve
/v:/
Ww
wei
/w/
Yy
y
/ɨ/
YY yy
yy
/ɨ:/
Zz
zed
/z/
ZZ zz
zezzed
/z:/
Źź
źek
/ʒ/
ŹŹ źź
źeźźek
/ʒ:/
✔ Shown in correct order [change]
  1. Long/geminated form of /ɾ/
Latest 8 related articles listed below.
Solish Numbers
A full description of Solish numbers.
02-Jul-22 22:05
Solish Polypersonalism And Pronominal Suffixes
A description of Solish's pronouns.
02-Jul-22 21:56
Kirby's Epic Yarn (Xa Ziiuakk Koobit)
A full translation of every cutscene in Kirby's Epic Yarn.
02-Jul-22 21:55
Solish's Orthography
A full description of the (now-obsolete) Solish script.
02-Jul-22 21:45
Typological information for Solish

GendersNone
Morphological typologyAgglutinative
Morphosyntactic alignmentNeutral
Phonemic vowel lengthShort/Long
Primary word orderSVO

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