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Sono [SNO]
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Typology Functional 1,577 words
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Sono
Sono
[ˈso.nɔ]
Registered by Thraamo on 12 January 2015
Language type Artistic Language (Artlang)
Species Human/humanoid
About Sono Sono is an agglutinating language with distinct nominal and verbal morphology. It is still completely unknown where this language is or was spoken. It seems that Sono is not related to any known natural or constructed languages. This lack of background information is due to only one person being involved in its research, who is primarily interested in the linguistic aspect.

Some linguistic facts:
- VSO word order
- no pre/postpositions, but 32 cases
- tries really hard not to be gender-specific → there's the pronoun mo meaning s/he, there's only one word for husband/wife
- 8 types of modality, 6 aspects, 4 types of evidentiality
- two relative pronouns - one refering to the subject of the main clause, one to the object
- no adjectives and no conjunctions, but some very neat clitics and particles
Sample of Sono[view] Painur anu ngaehinush ktengoines lan moroothu bare klee moktaju bare. O teetar gi-n unaehi honge kleenes.

People waste their time pondering whether a glass is half empty or half full. Me, I just drink whatever's in the glass.
[view all texts]
Latest vocabulary
dul-adjstupid
biiwr-vrest
Sound samples in Sono
Some sound samples of Sono. Maximum of 6 shown. Click the links to see the full texts.
Nuhae zohultama shumipra nathanesosh siron ha throménultu penu-n ondatoinosh dale.
Once, when I was seven years old, I sat on a banana and of course, that changed my life.
Okupoktiweesh!
You shall not pass !
Mojélti larô kæriŝi? Une tas larēntato-n a tökatil.
Can you hear the stars singing? It is the oldest lullaby.
Nuhë heltultu këriŝapu-n ëtletam ŝuras þe tan holuþa pekīlultu ruhtulā rōmutam a-n ōbul. Kikwultu pi...
The North Wind and the Sun were disputing which was the stronger, when a traveler came along wrapped...
Näthuines ngekul Thee klair jiihinaen.
In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth.
Nguuroju dimpanosh kräwainish.
My cat is wearing your trousers.
Language family relationships
[view] Onjul (Onjul Sono)Onjul (= hill-speech) is spoken in the hilly central part of whatever region Sono is native to.
[view] Rêtu (Rhetian Sono)Rhetian (/ʀeɛ̯tʏ/) is spoken is the western part of whatever region Sono is native to. Rhetians are usually made fun of for their dialect, but they're still proud of it. After all, they're just normal and very kind people.

Some Rêtu facts:
- Differences in pronounciation: /r/ ~ [ʀ], /u/ ~ [ʏ], diphthongs with /_ɪ̯/ ~ [_ɛ̯]
- No pro-dropping in transitive sentences
- Word-final /ɕ/ ~ [s]
- No masculine & feminine pronouns at all
- Some minor lexicon differences
Phonology
ConsonantsBilabialLabio-
dental
DentalAlveolarAlveolo-
palatal
PalatalLabio-
velar
VelarGlottal
Nasal m     n       ŋ  
Plosive p b     t d   ɟ   k  
Fricative     θ s ɕ     x h
Lateral approximant       l          
Lateral fricative       [ɬ]1          
Approximant   ʋ       j [w]2    
Trill       r          
  1. after /t/, allophone of /l/
  2. after /k/ or between vowels (except before /u/), never at beginning of word, allophone of /ʋ/
VowelsFrontNear-
front
Near-
back
Back
Close i:     u:
Near-close   ɪ ʊ  
Close-mid       o1 o:
Mid 2      
Open-mid [ɛ]3 ɛ:     [ɔ]4
Near-open æ æ:      
Open       ɑ ɑ:
Polyphthongs ɔɪ ɑe ɑɔ ɑɪ ʊɪ æɪ
  1. if stressed
  2. if stressed
  3. if unstressed, allophone of /e̞/
  4. if unstressed, allophone of /o/
Orthography
Below is the orthography for Sono. This includes all graphemes as defined in the language's phonology settings - excluding the non-distinct graphemes/polygraphs.
 SonoOrthography
Aa
a
/ɑ/
AA aa
aa
/ɑ:/
Ää
ä
/æ/
ÄÄ ää
ää
/æ:/
Bb
be
/b/
Dd
de
/d/
Ee
e
/e̞/1, [ɛ]2
EE ee
ee
/ɛ:/
Xx
xo
/x/
Hh
ho
/h/
Ii
i
/ɪ/
II ii
ii
/i:/
Jj
jo
/j/
Kk
ko
/k/
Ll
äl
/l/, [ɬ]3
Mm
äm
/m/
Nn
än
/n/
Oo
o
/o/4, [ɔ]5
OO oo
oo
/o:/
Pp
pe
/p/
Rr
är
/r/
Ss
se
/s/
SH sh
she
/ɕ/
TH th
tho
/θ/
Tt
te
/t/
Uu
u
/ʊ/
UU uu
uu
/u:/
Ww
we
/ʋ/, [w]6
AE ae
ae
/ɑe/
AO ao
ao
/ɑɔ/
AI ai
ai
/ɑɪ/
ÄI äi
äi
/æɪ/
EI ei
ei
/eɪ/
OI oi
oi
/ɔɪ/
UI ui
ui
/ʊɪ/
Gg
gi
/ɟ/
NG ng
äng
/ŋ/
✔ Shown in correct order
  1. if stressed
  2. if unstressed
  3. after /t/
  4. if stressed
  5. if unstressed
  6. after /k/ or between vowels (except before /u/), never at beginning of word
Latest 8 related articles listed below.
Sono verbal morphology
Tense, aspect, mood, voice, evidentiality and other pretty t...
26-Jan-19 18:44
Personal pronouns in Sono
A handy overview over the many personal pronouns of Sono
26-Jan-19 18:43
Typological information for Sono

Coding of evidentialityAffix or clitic
Noun numbersSingular/Dual/Plural
Morphological typologyAgglutinative
Negation markingAffix
Number of nominal casesEight cases or more

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