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Thargian [THRG]
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Typology Progressing 229 words
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Thargian
Táidzjái
[taid͡ʑai]*
Registered by [Deactivated User] on 18 January 2019
Language type A priori
Species Human/humanoid
About Thargian Official language of the  Thargo-Qotsian Union.

Thargian, also referred to as Modern Thargian, is the second largest Osveraali language by number of speakers and the titular language of the Thargic subfamily. While its oldest attested stage, Old Thargian, is known for its extremely conservative phonology that preserves much of the complicated sound system of Greater Osveraali, Thargian underwent a series of massive sound changes during the sixteenth and seventeenth century, which led to a complete restructuring of its morphology. Features include:

- Polypersonal (subject - direct object - indirect object) verb marking via clitic forms of personal pronouns that also express aspect through nasalisation
- Explicit morphological marking of definiteness of verb arguments on the clitic pronouns, but no definite determiners
- Extensive use of reflexive verbs, to the point where special constructions are needed to mark a verb as nonreflexive
- Two sets of object case markers, suffixal (for use with reflexive verbs) and circumfixal (to express nonreflexivity)
- Widespread loss of the adjective as a grammatical category in favour of nominal compounds
- Vestigial tense-based word order, from Osveraalic influence: person and number marking precedes the verb in the past but follows in the present and future
- Grammaticalised perfective and imperfective aspect; future expressed by perfective present

A bunch of links:
Thargian grammar doc [tbd]
Old Thargian grammar doc [tbd]
Sanapata letters doc
Sound change doc
Thargian segments page
Sample of Thargian[view] Álj dzëtsjo tsjeir pǫupitsjei / / Dzë áljái tsjeir pǫupitsjei

The girl gave the boy a flower / / The boy gave the girl a flower
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Latest vocabulary
gasajinsea
gasajinocean
gasajinwater
Language family relationships
Language treeOsveraali
 ⤷  Proto-Osveraali
  ⤷  Greater Osveraali
   ⤷ Thargic
    ⤷  Old Thargian
     ⤷  Thargo-Qotsian
      ⤷  Thargian
[view] About OsveraaliThe Osveraali languages are native to the continent of Atsiq, where they account for more than ninety-five percent of speakers. Traits shared by most Osveraali languages include large vowel inventories, retroflex consonants, fusional suffixing morpho...
Phonology
ConsonantsBilabialLabio-
dental
AlveolarRetroflexAlveolo-
palatal
PalatalLabio-
velar
VelarGlottalOther
Nasal m   n ɳ   ɲ   ŋ    
Plosive p b   t d ʈ ɖ       k g ʔ  
Fricative   f v s z ʂ ʐ ɕ ʑ [ç]1   x ɣ h  
Affricate     t͡s d͡z ʈ͡ʂ ɖ͡ʐ t͡ɕ d͡ʑ          
Lateral approximant       ɭ   ʎ        
Approximant       ɻ   j w     [ɥ]2
  1. allophone of /x/
  2. allophone of /y/
VowelsFrontNear-
front
CentralNear-
back
Back
Close i y       u
Near-close   ɪ̃   ʊ̃  
Mid     ə1    
Open-mid ɛ ɛ̃ œ       ɔ2 ɔ̃
Near-open     ɐ ɐ̃    
Open a       ɒ
  1. Merges to ɐ for young speakers
  2. Merges to ɒ for young speakers
Orthography
Below is the orthography for Thargian. This includes all graphemes as defined in the language's phonology settings - excluding the non-distinct graphemes/polygraphs.
 ThargianOrthography [edit]
'/ʔ/Áá/a/Aa/ɐ/Ąą/ɐ̃/Bb/b/Dd/d/Èè/œ/Ëë/ə/1Ee/ɛ/
Ęę/ɛ̃/Ff/f/Gg/g/Hh/h/, [ç]2Ìì/y/, [ɥ]Ii/i/Įį/ɪ̃/Jj/j/Kk/k/
Ll/ɭ/Mm/m/Nn/n/Ǫǫ/ɔ̃/Óó/ɒ/Oo/ɔ/3Pp/p/Qq/ɣ/Rr/ɻ/
Ss/s/Tt/t/Uu/u/Ųų/ʊ̃/Vv/v/Ww/w/Xx/x/, [ç]Zz/z/
✖ Unknown alphabetical order [change]
  1. Merges to ɐ for young speakers
  2. Adjacent to /i/, /y/, /ʎ/
  3. Merges to ɒ for young speakers
Latest 8 related articles listed below.
Thargian Songs
Thargian Songs - WIP & Finished
24-Sep-22 23:59
Typological information for Thargian

Morphological typologyFusional
Verb agreementAll three (subject + objects)
Marked aspect (verb)Perfective and imperfective
Marked transitivity (verb)Transitive/Intransitive/Ditransitive
Valence increasing voicesCausative and multiple Applicatives

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