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Toap Shan [TPG]
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Typology Progressing 332 words
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Toap Shan
Hdoabgsan
[ʔtoə̯pʃan]
Registered by Tetthinkirl on 18 June 2019
Language type A priori
Species Human/humanoid
About Toap Shan
Sample of Toap ShanCan't find any yet.
Latest vocabulary
bheqnquack
plsiaknhealth
babamapprZwazwamia
Language family relationships
Language treeGadhiatean
 ⤷ Proto-Gadhiatean
  ⤷ Oceanic Gadhiatean
   ⤷  Toap Shan
[view] About GadhiateanA mainly verb-initial strongly prefixing polysynthetic family in Samkhretit on Samqaro (a collabworld made by strange, tet, xev and ult) with animacy distinctions and reduplication in definites.
Phonology
ConsonantsBilabialLabio-
dental
AlveolarPost-
Alveolar
Labio-
velar
VelarUvularGlottal
Nasal m   n     [ŋ]1 [ɴ]2  
Plosive p pʼ pʰ   t tʼ tʰ     k kʼ kʼʷ kʷ kʰ kʰʷ q [qʼ]3 qʼʷ qʷ ʔ
Fricative   [f]4 s sʼ ʃ ʃʼ   [x]5 χ χʼ χʷ h
Affricate     [t͡s]6 [t͡ʃ]7        
Lateral fricative     ɬ ɬʼ ɮ          
Approximant         ʍ [w]8      
Flap     [ɾ]9          
  1. allophone of /n/ before velars
  2. allophone of /n/ before uvulars
  3. allophone of /χʼ/ before central and lateral fricatives, plus nasals
  4. intervocalic allophone of /pʰ/
  5. intervocalic allophone of /kʰ/
  6. common allophone of /tʰ/ before /i/
  7. Common allophone of /k/ before /i/
  8. voiced allophone of /ʍ/ intervocalically and in tenuis clusters
  9. intervocalic allophone of /t/
VowelsFrontBack
Close i [u]1
Close-mid e o
Open-mid [ɛ]2 [ɔ]3
Open a [ɑ]4
Polyphthongs oə̯ iə̯ aɪ̯ oɪ̯ aʊ̯ iʊ̯
  1. allophone of /o/ before labial consonants, and after labiovelar consonants
  2. uvular-coloured allophone of /i/ and /e/
  3. uvular-coloured allophone of /o/ before uvulars
  4. allophone of /a/ before uvulars
Orthography
Below is the orthography for Toap Shan. This includes all graphemes as defined in the language's phonology settings - excluding the non-distinct graphemes/polygraphs.
 Toap ShanOrthography
Aa/a/, [ɑ]1Bb/p/Dd/t/, [ɾ]2Ee/e/, [ɛ]3Gg/k/, [t͡ʃ]4Hh/h/Ii/i/, /ɛ/Kk/kʰ/, [x]5Ll/ɮ/
Mm/m/Nn/n/, [ŋ]6, [ɴ]7Oo/o/, [ɔ]8, [u]9Pp/pʰ/, [f]10Qq/q/Rr/χ/Ss/s/Tt/tʰ/, [t͡s]11Uu[w]12
✔ Shown in correct order
  1. allophone of /a/ before uvulars
  2. intervocalic allophone of /t/
  3. uvular-coloured allophone of /i/ and /e/
  4. Common allophone of /k/ before /i/
  5. intervocalic allophone of /kʰ/
  6. allophone of /n/ before velars
  7. allophone of /n/ before uvulars
  8. uvular-coloured allophone of /o/ before uvulars
  9. allophone of /o/ before labial consonants, and after labiovelar consonants
  10. intervocalic allophone of /pʰ/
  11. common allophone of /tʰ/ before /i/
  12. voiced allophone of /ʍ/ intervocalically and in tenuis clusters
Latest 8 related articles listed below.
Phonemic dingadongs of Toap Shan
Phonemes, Allophones, cluster rules and whatnot
11-Oct-19 19:35
Typological information for Toap Shan

Base counting systemVigesimal (20)
GendersAnimate/Inanimate
Morphological typologyPolysynthetic
Morphosyntactic alignmentTripartite
Primary word orderSOV

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