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Tnaaq [TRP]
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LotM Winner Typology Progressing 2,259 words
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Registered by xroooox on 4 May 2014
Language type Artistic Language (Artlang)
Species Human/humanoid
About Tnaaq
  • Tnaaq is an a priori conlang.
  • It is a VSO language, that behaves as a fluid active-stative language for intransitives and an ergative one for transitives, mostly agglutinative and head marking.
  • It has a small phonological inventory (8 consonants and 4 vowels, no labials D:), but allophony and dialectal variation runs wild.
  • Nouns are marked for definiteness, no cases, gender seldom appears marked. Only deverbal human nouns can mark gender and number consistently.
  • Verbs are conjugated for only the subject, that can have different semantic roles. There are also transitivity/class prefixes that help clarify this role, and modal prefixes.
  • Negation is marked mostly by a suffix, but there's some suppletion.
  • Aspect is marked mostly with reduplicative affixes or with auxiliary verbs, the perfective comes from the verb "come" and the inchoative "go".
  • There is no morphological tense.
  • There are no adjectives, meaning they behave like stative verbs.
  • A growing set of clitics that include person/case, modal, evidentiality, locatives, incorporated nouns... etc. appears in second position.
  • Independent pronouns do not inflect for case, just for person and number. The third person uses the demostratives, that also mark 3 degrees if proximity. Dependent pronouns are second position clitics that do mark case, in the family they are in a process of fusion with the verbs to become affixes.
  • Current is Tnaaq's 5th reincarnation.
  • Tnaaq is supposed to be spoken in Tnaaq, a country of Sahar, and its neighbour, Nousdutu. It is an important regional language of the continent and is deeply influenced by an extinct language of the same family, Harnibian. It ceased to be spoken in daily life except for the main cities of Tnaaq, and there are several norms for speaking it, a "classical" one and a few local varieties influenced by its daughter and sister languages.
Sample of Tnaaq[view] Tuhauqqai stuuqr? Tak, uatkr un annaa.

Am I out of touch? No, it is the children who are wrong.
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Latest vocabulary
tuuq auqvold-fashioned
Sound samples in Tnaaq
Some sound samples of Tnaaq. Maximum of 6 shown. Click the links to see the full texts.
Nuuht n iihk, sais kaarunar nauhi hakurtatn rustan, n iqukat n uktarnussai ra naa, Ta Quq.
At the beginning, our planet was no more than a chaos of fire, formed in the wake of its star, the s...
Iihunq n sau iauknaka qus itaisn aqurst sutu ixaanu n ahtyy. Nququnihk nququnaustans quqanyn, aarak ...
I'd rather pay a high price than wait for a long time. Money comes and goes, time does not - it can'...
Sti syyniq su nausi asnauqr.
Greed is eternal.
Ii aihanu. Stii aihanu. Ta n aaxa nyrt su kaihanu. Iistai aihanu. Kaihanu nstai ii. Kaihanu nstinaik...
There's a banana. There's no banana. He does something to the banana. I want a banana. It's the bana...
Kruu atanauqtn nyst santn. Sisqaqrusaknau - Qnat sihuhkrairus.
I have seen the true path. I will not warm myself by the fire-I will become the flame.
Nasal [m]1 [m̥]2   n [n̠]3 [n̥]4   [ɲ]5 [ɲ̥]6   [ŋ]7 [ŋ̥]8  
Plosive [p]9 [b]10   t [d]11       k kʷ [g]12 [gʷ]13 [ʔ]14
Fricative [ɸ]15 [β]16 [θ]17 s [z]18   [ç]19   [x]20 [xʷ]21 h [ɦ]22
Affricate     [t͡s]23 [d͡z]24 [t͡ʃ]25 [d͡ʒ]26        
Approximant     [ɹ]27 [ɹ̥]28   [j]29 [ʍ]30 [w]31    
Trill     r [r̥]32          
Flap     [ɾ]33 [ɾ̥]34          
  1. allophone of /n/
  2. allophone of /n/
  3. allophone of /n/
  4. allophone of /n/
  5. allophone of /n/
  6. allophone of /n/
  7. allophone of /n/
  8. allophone of /n/
  9. Coda, allophone of /kʷ/
  10. V(r,n)_{r,n}, allophone of /kʷ/
  11. [+voi]_[+voi], allophone of /t/
  12. [+voi]_[+voi], allophone of /k/
  13. [+voi]_[+voi], allophone of /kʷ/
  14. allophone of /h/
  15. h_(#,C), allophone of /kʷ/
  16. allophone of /kʷ/
  17. h_, allophone of /t/
  18. allophone of /s/
  19. allophone of /h/
  20. h_, allophone of /k/
  21. h_, allophone of /kʷ/
  22. allophone of /h/
  23. allophone of /t/
  24. allophone of /t/
  25. allophone of /k/
  26. allophone of /k/
  27. allophone of /r/
  28. allophone of /r/
  29. allophone of /i/
  30. allophone of /h/
  31. allophone of /u/
  32. allophone of /r/
  33. allophone of /r/
  34. allophone of /r/
Close i   ɨ   u
Near-close   [ɪ]1 [ɪ̈]2 [ʊ]3  
Close-mid [e]4       [o]5
Mid     [ə]6    
Open-mid [ɛ:]7       [ɔ:]8
Open a        
Polyphthongs äi äu
  1. unstressed , allophone of /i/
  2. unstressed , allophone of /ɨ/
  3. unstressed, allophone of /u/
  4. unstressed, allophone of /äi/
  5. unstressed, allophone of /äu/
  6. unstressed, allophone of /a/
  7. Stressed, allophone of /äi/
  8. unstressed, allophone of /äu/
Below is the orthography for Tnaaq. This includes all graphemes as defined in the language's phonology settings - excluding the non-distinct graphemes/polygraphs.
✖ Unknown alphabetical order
    Latest 8 related articles listed below.
    Tnaaq verbs 01-Jan-19 18:24
    Auxiliary verbs
    Verbs (and former verbs) with grammatical functions
    08-Dec-18 21:55
    Tnaaq syntax
    Tnaaq phrases and sentences
    08-Dec-18 19:35
    Tnaaq clitics 21-Nov-18 17:10
    Tnaaq conjunctions
    phrase links
    12-Nov-18 07:02
    Tnaaq nouns
    Tnaaq noun inflection and noun phrase
    27-Oct-18 20:29
    Tnaaq comparatives
    comparative, superlative
    15-Jul-18 00:57
    Late Tnaaq changes
    to keep track and paste into articles
    23-Oct-17 17:45
    Typological information for Tnaaq

    Adposition head-directionalityHead initial
    Primary word orderVSO
    Syllable structureComplex
    Marked transitivity (verb)Transitive/Intransitive/Ditransitive

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