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Varese [VARI]
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Varese
Вар цʼам
[vɑr t͡sʼɑm]*
Registered by Lav on 16 May 2021
Language type Artistic Language (Artlang)
Place & SpeakersVarese is spoken by a population of around 5,500,000 in Kingdom of Varia.
Species Human/humanoid
About Varese Another language from my conworld Lís, this time I tried very chonky consonant inventory (we got 62 phonemic consonants) with vague Slavic vibes. Cyrillic is used purely because of palatalisation, I simply couldn’t come with reasonable Latin orthography for shit.

Varese is basically a dialect continuum. This page focuses on Western Varese – a language spoken in Varwahok, the capital of the Varia lands (and later the Kingdom of Varia), and its wide mountainous surroundings.
Sample of Varese[view] Шал сё пар. Сарницʼ сё сӄʼоп.

Moon and sun. Wisdom and will.
[view all texts]
Latest vocabulary
шалnmoon
сарницʼnsharpness
Language family relationships
Language treeVarian
 ⤷ Proto-Varian
  ⤷ Late Proto-Varian
   ⤷ Proto-Upper-Varian
    ⤷ Old Varic
     ⤷  Varese
[view] About Varianlots of consonants man
[edit] [view] Корчʼа цʼам (Korcha)Spoken in the most mountainous regions of Varia. Basically slightly Czecho-Slovakicised Varese (behold the beauty of /r̝/).
[edit] [view] Лэха цʼам (Lekha)Spoken down the river Kholsirja and wide surroundings.
[edit] [view] Ряза цʼам (Ryaza)Spoken in foothills of southern or southeast Varese mountains.
Phonology
ConsonantsBilabialLabio-
dental
AlveolarPost-
Alveolar
RetroflexPalatalLabio-
velar
VelarUvularGlottalOther
Nasal m mʲ   n nʲ         [ŋ]1 [ɴ]2    
Plosive pʼ pʲ pʰ3 b bʲ   tʼ tʲ tʰ4 d dʲ         kʼ kʲ kʰ5 g gʲ 6 qʲ7 qʰ8 ʔ  
Fricative [β]9 [βʲ]10 f fʲ v vʲ s sʲ z zʲ ʃ ʒ ʂ ʐ       χ11 χʲ12 h [ɦ]13  
Affricate     t͡sʼ t͡sʲ t͡sʰ d͡z d͡zʲ t͡ʃʼ t͡ʃʰ d͡ʒ ʈʂ ɖʐ       q͡χʼ14 q͡χʲ15 q͡χʰ16   t͡ɬʼ t͡ɬʲ t͡ɬʰ
Lateral approximant     l lʲ                
Lateral fricative     ɬ ɬʲ                
Approximant           j w        
Trill     r rʲ                
Blends ju [ju:] jo [jo:] je [je:] ji [ji:] jɑ [jɑ:]
  1. allophone of /n/
  2. allophone of /n/
  3. /pʰ~p/ (depends on dialect)
  4. /tʰ~t/ (depends on dialect)
  5. /kʰ~k/ (depends on dialect)
  6. post-velar in some dialects
  7. post-velar in some dialects
  8. /qʰ~q/ (depends on dialect); post-velar in some dialects
  9. allophone of /w/
  10. allophone of /vʲ/
  11. post-velar, often pronounced [ç]
  12. post-velar
  13. allophone of /h/
  14. post-velar
  15. post-velar
  16. /q͡χʰ~q͡χ/; post-velar
VowelsFrontNear-
front
CentralBack
Close [i]1 [i:]     u [u:]
Near-close   ɪ    
Close-mid e [e:]     o [o:]
Mid     ə [ə:]  
Open       ɑ2 [ɑ:]3
  1. allophone of /ɪ/
  2. /ä~ɑ/
  3. /ä:~ɑ:/
Orthography
Below is the orthography for Varese. This includes all graphemes as defined in the language's phonology settings - excluding the non-distinct graphemes/polygraphs.
 VareseOrthography [edit]
Āā[ɑ:]1Ēē[je:]Ë̄ ë̄[jo:]Ōō[o:]Ʒʒ/d͡z/Ǯǯ/d͡ʒ/ǮЬ ǯь/ɖʐ/ƷЬ ʒь/d͡zʲ/Аа/ɑ/2Бб/b/
БЬ бь/bʲ/Вв/v/, [β]ВЬ вь/vʲ/, [βʲ]Гг/g/ГЬ гь/gʲ/Дд/d/ДЬ дь/dʲ/Ёё/jo/Ее/je/Жж/ʒ/
ЖЬ жь/ʐ/Зз/z/ЗЬ зь/zʲ/Ӥӥ/ji/, [i]Ии/ɪ/Ӣӣ[i:]Ӥ̄ ӥ̄[ji:]Йй/j/Кк/kʰ/3Кʼ кʼ/kʼ/
КЬ кь/kʲ/Лл/l/ЛЬ ль/lʲ/Мм/m/МЬ мь/mʲ/Нн/n/, [ŋ], [ɴ]НЬ нь/nʲ/Оо/o/Пп/pʰ/4Пʼ пʼ/pʼ/
ПЬ пь/pʲ/Рр/r/РЬ рь/rʲ/Сс/s/СЬ сь/sʲ/Тт/tʰ/5Тʼ тʼ/tʼ/ТЬ ть/tʲ/ТԒ тԓ/t͡ɬʰ/ТԒʼ тԓʼ/t͡ɬʼ/
ТԒЬ тԓь/t͡ɬʲ/Ўў/w/, [β]Уу/u/Ӯӯ[u:]Фф/f/ФЬ фь/fʲ/Хх/χ/6ХЬ хь/χʲ/7Цц/t͡sʰ/Цʼ цʼ/t͡sʼ/
ЦЬ ць/t͡sʲ/Чч/t͡ʃʰ/Чʼ чʼ/t͡ʃʼ/ЧЬ чь/ʈʂ/Шш/ʃ/ШЬ шь/ʂ/Ыы/ə/Ы̄ ы̄[ə:]Ьь/ʲ/Ээ/e/
Э̄ э̄[e:]Юю/ju/Ю̄ ю̄[ju:]Яя/jɑ/Я̄ я̄[jɑ:]Ҍҍ/jə/Ққ/q͡χʰ/8Қʼ қʼ/q͡χʼ/9ҚЬ қь/q͡χʲ/10Һһ/h/, [ɦ]
Ӄӄ/qʰ/11Ӄʼ ӄʼ/qʼ/12ӃЬ ӄь/qʲ/13Ԓԓ/ɬ/ԒЬ ԓь/ɬʲ//ʔ/
✖ Unknown alphabetical order [change]
  1. /ä:~ɑ:/
  2. /ä~ɑ/
  3. /kʰ~k/ (depends on dialect)
  4. /pʰ~p/ (depends on dialect)
  5. /tʰ~t/ (depends on dialect)
  6. post-velar, often pronounced [ç]
  7. post-velar
  8. /q͡χʰ~q͡χ/; post-velar
  9. post-velar
  10. post-velar
  11. /qʰ~q/ (depends on dialect); post-velar in some dialects
  12. post-velar in some dialects
  13. post-velar in some dialects
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