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Zagimaal [ZGM]
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Typology Progressing 73 words
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Zagimaal
zagimaal
[t͡saɟima:l]*
Registered by Robyn Kolozsvari on 5 December 2016
Language type A priori
Species Human/humanoid
About Zagimaal  Zagimaal is a close relative of  Zaginai, and the two have a moderate degree of mutual intelligibility. Zagimaal is spoken by the Gimaal people. The Gimaal are mostly herders, and live in the Łéndzan mountains to the south and east of the Lintang. They are independent and not ruled by any government in the Céakali. The Ginai consider the Gimaal under their rule, but this rule is neither recognized by the Gimaal nor at all capable of controlling them.

Gimaal culture is more like that of the Taujekian groups to the north and south of them in the Łéndzans, with whom they are generally allied, than it is Ginai culture. They also have trading relationships with Gobinis groups to the east of the Łéndzans. The Gimaal (as well as most Taujekian groups) live in small villages run by local councils, and any governing organizations larger than these local councils are temporary, created only in times of war or other emergencies.

There are three broad dialect groups, all of which might be called "Zagimaal" and none of which is dominant. These are generally called the Western, Southern, and Eastern dialect groups. They can be seen as a dialect continuum, with Western dialects flowing into Southern dialects flowing into Eastern dialects. Each group is listed as a dialect here for the purposes of CWS, while the "language" is based on a sort of amalgamation of all dialects. Note that there is no standard written language, and there can be a great deal of variation in writing both between dialects (preferring ku'n in the west and kutn in the east for 'inclusive or') and in the writing of a single speaker (writing the inanimate definite singular article /gu/~/ju/ as gu or yu or g).
Sample of Zagimaal[view] Maalee saj łasiš ir zjajsee lajzḷ, kuuc niizucas gulaš jawbaz cwanazaw lajzḷ.

Give a man a fire and he's warm for a day, but set fire to him and he's warm for the rest of his life.
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Latest vocabulary
čajsenday
zjajsenday
Language family relationships
Language treeZalintang
 ⤷  Proto-Zalintang
  ⤷ South Zalintang
   ⤷ Ginan
    ⤷  Zagimaal
[view] About ZalintangMajor pre-Akalix languages of the West, still spoken in Rhana, Ginai, and large swaths of the Akalic South. Connected to the Gobi-Raimak languages in the Lintang-Raimak macrofamily.
[view] Zajimaal (Eastern Zagimaal)Eastern Zagimaal is a cover term for the group of Zagimaal dialects spoken to the east of the Lintang, in the high Łéndzan. The speakers of these dialects dialects are in close contact with Ŋeicin and Lin'ox groups, speaking Gobinis and Taujekian languages respectively.
Phonology
ConsonantsBilabialAlveolarPost-
Alveolar
PalatalLabio-
velar
VelarGlottal
Nasal m m̩ n n̩ n̥   [ɲ]1   [ŋ]2  
Plosive p pʰ b t tʰ d   [c]3 [cʰ]4 [ɟ]5   k kʰ g6 ʔ
Fricative   s ʃ       h
Affricate   t͡s t͡ʃ        
Lateral approximant   l l̩          
Lateral fricative   ɬ          
Approximant       j w    
Trill   r r̩ r̥          
Blends k͡s p͡s
  1. Before palatal consonants, allophone of /n/
  2. Before velar consonants, allophone of /n/
  3. allophone of /k/
  4. allophone of /kʰ/
  5. allophone of /g/
  6. Only present in western dialects
VowelsFrontBack
Close i i: u u:
Close-mid [e]1 [e:]2 [o]3 [o:]4
Open a a:  
  1. allophone of /i/
  2. allophone of /i:/
  3. allophone of /u/
  4. allophone of /u:/
Orthography
Below is the orthography for Zagimaal. This includes all graphemes as defined in the language's phonology settings - excluding the non-distinct graphemes/polygraphs.
 ZagimaalOrthography
a
Aa
/a/
á
AA aa
/a:/
b
Bb
/b/
'
Cc
/ʔ/
d
Dd
/d/
e
Ee
[e]
é
EE ee
[e:]
g
Gg
/g/1, [ɟ]
h
Hh
/h/
i
Ii
/i/
í
II ii
/i:/
y
Jj
/j/
k
Kk
/k/, [c]
k"
KH kh
/kʰ/, [cʰ]
l
Ll
/l/
m
Mm
/m/
m"
MH mh
/m̥/
n
Nn
/n/, [ɲ]2, [ŋ]3
n"
NH nh
/n̥/
o
Oo
[o]
ó
OO oo
[o:]
p
Pp
/p/
p"
PH ph
/pʰ/
ψ
PS ps
/p͡s/
r
Rr
/r/
r"
RH rh
/r̥/
s
Ss
/s/
t
Tt
/t/
t"
TH th
/tʰ/
u
Uu
/u/
ú
UU uu
/u:/
w
Ww
/w/
ξ
Xx
/k͡s/
ζ
Zz
/t͡s/
l"
Łł
/ɬ/
ś
Šš
/ʃ/
ć
Čč
/t͡ʃ/
✖ Unknown alphabetical order
  1. Only present in western dialects
  2. Before palatal consonants
  3. Before velar consonants
Latest 8 related articles listed below.
Politeness in Zagimaal
How more or less polite speech works in Zagimaal
07-Jan-19 23:03
Zagimaal Possession 18-Nov-18 02:39
Borrowings from Old Rhanakya to Old Zaginai
General statements about how Old Rhanakya words were borrowe...
22-Jun-18 01:16
Typological information for Zagimaal

Morphological typologyFusional
Morphosyntactic alignmentErgative/Absolutive
Number of nominal casesThree cases
Primary word orderHierarchical
Primary writing systemConscript

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