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Important information about Tiian syntax
This public article was written by [Deactivated User], and last updated on 26 Feb 2017, 02:36.
1. -to verbs
2. Bad Apple!!
4. Lesson #1
5. Taxi Cab
7. Tiian SyntaxTiian is fairly cooperative in terms of the x-bar theory of syntax. In all cases, the head comes after the compliment; in almost all cases, the head and compliment come after all adjuncts. Here are the important sections.
[top]NP, VP, PP, AP (lexical phrases):
Lexical phrases operate much like any other language. PP, NP, and VP all have zero realizations (pro-drop for NP; imperfect copula for VP; locative cases for PP). Note that nominal particles are not part of NP and verbal particles are not part of VP.
DP is the phrase that contains nominal particles. All nominals with a non-zero realization have a realized DP. These nominal particles operate as case marking, and can be considered enclitics. It should be noted that the demonstratives (le, loi) can be used as either DP or NP heads.
a bird (nominative)
TP cannot take a zero realization, and it does not allow the verb to move into it. It must have one of a number of verbal particles filling it. These can, on their own, mark imperatives and interrogatives; by adding a negative prefix to the verb (or, if there is no realized verb, on their own) they can mark negatives and imperatives. Unlike nominal particles, they are not clitics, but words of their own which may stand alone.
Someone (most likely the speaker; determined by context) is cold.
ロノシ テセベィ ネィレ
I did not kill the bird.
CP can take a zero realization, and generally does. There are a small number of particles which may occupy its head, including the most generic "hu" which is roughly equivalent to the English
▼ Examplesナキマ パラナィダィ ツロ フ クゼ テ
I want to be in Paranai.