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From Proto-Kwang to Middle Kwang
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sound changes
This public article was written by dendana, and last updated on 27 Dec 2018, 16:19. Editing of this article is shared with Qollab.

[comments] [history] From  Proto-Kwang to  Middle Kwang


C=m,n,ñ,ŋ,p,t,d,k,x,c,w,l,ľ,r,ř,h,ts,b,ḍ,g,s,ph,th,ṭh,kh,j,ṭ,tsh,mh,nh,ñh,ŋh,lh,rh,jh,wh,ʔ,ǰ
vd=m,n,ñ,ŋ,b,d,ḍ,ǰ,w,l,r,j,z
stop=p,b,ph,t,d,th,ts,tsh,ṭ,ḍ,ṭh,č,čh,ǰ,k,g,kh,ʔ
S=p,b,t,ṭ,d,ḍ,k,g,ts,m,n,ñ,ŋ,l,r,w,j,ʔ,č,čh,ǰ
Š=p,b,t,ṭ,d,ḍ,k,g,ts,m,n,ñ,ŋ
H=ph,ph,th,ṭh,th,ṭh,kh,kh,tsh,mh,nh,ñh,ŋh,lh,rh,wh,jh,ʔ
V=a,à,â,ã,e,è,ê,ẽ,i,ì,î,ĩ,o,ò,ô,õ,u,ù,û,ũ,ü,ǜ,y,ỳ,ỹ,ŷ,ả,ẻ,ỉ,ỏ,ủ
front=j,i,ì,î,ĩ,ỉ
U=u,ù,û,ũ,ủ
O=o,ò,ô,õ,ỏ
A=a,à,â,ã,ả
I=i,ì,î,ĩ,ỉ
Y=y,ỳ,ŷ,ỹ,ỷ
E=e,è,ê,ẽ,ẻ
V2=a,à,â,ã,e,è,ê,ẽ,i,ì,î,ĩ,o,ò,ô,õ,u,ù,û,ũ,y,ỳ,ŷ,ỹ
V3=ả,ả,ả,ả,ẻ,ẻ,ẻ,ẻ,ỉ,ỉ,ỉ,ỉ,ỏ,ỏ,ỏ,ỏ,ủ,ủ,ủ,ủ,ỷ,ỷ,ỷ,ỷ
Ã=ã,ẽ,ĩ,õ,ũ,ỹ
Â=â,ê,î,ô,û,ŷ
Ả=ả,ẻ,ỉ,ỏ,ủ,ỷ
À=à,è,ì,ò,ù,ỳ
Ā=a,e,i,o,u,y
velar=k,kh,g,s,ŋ,ŋh
palatal=č,čh,ǰ,š,ñ,ñh
labial=m,p,ph,b,w
graphs=.,q,ph,th,ṭh,kh,ɨ̀,ts,tsh,mh,nh,ñh,ŋh,lh,rh,jh,wh

j > ḍ / _[I]

w[A] > [O] / [labial]_
[Y] > [U] / [labial]_#

[U] > [O] / _ŋ | _ñ | _k | ʔ_
[E] > [O] / [velar]_
[I] > j[A] / _ŋ
[I] > [A] / _ṭ | _k
w[Y]j > w[E]
j[Y]w > j[O]
[U]j > [O]
-j / w[E]_
j[E]w > j[O]

jh > š
rh > š
ts > t / _# | _[C]
sj > š
tsj > č
ts > č / _[front]
[velar]j > [palatal]
[velar] > [palatal] / _[front]
[Y] > [I] / [palatal]_

j[Y] > j[I]
w[Y] > [U]

[E] > [A] / _ʔ
[V2] > [V3] / _ʔ
[I] > [A]j / _ʔ
[U] > [A]w / _ʔ
-ʔ ! #_

[E]w > [O]
-j / [E]_
j[E] > [E]

//[A]w > [AW]
//[A]y > [AY]

[Ã] > [Ả]
-[C] / [Ả]_ ! j | w
[Â] > [Ā] / [vd]_
[Â] > [À]

m > ŋ / _#
[A]n > [E] / j_
[A]n > [Y]
[Y] > [I] / _ṭ

[À] > [Ā] / _[stop]
[Ả] > [Ā] / _[stop]
[stop] > ʔ / _#

[Ả] > [Ã]
ʔj > č

[A] > [A]y / _ñ
[A] > [A]w / _m | _p
[A] > [I] / _ṭ

w[E]ŋ > w[Y]ŋ
-n / w[E]_

-n / [I]_

n > ŋ / _#
ñ > ŋ / _#
[Y] > [I] / [palatal]_

tsh > ṭh
ts > ṭ
ḍ > z
zj > ž
ṭh > tsh
ṭ > ts
ŋh > ngh
ŋ > ng
ǰ > ž
ʔ > q

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on 27/12/18 16:19+17dendana[I]n tweak
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