Dagomnian Lesson - Reflexive Voice
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Dagomni Upnejo - Guprotca Vox
This public article was written by Castillerian, and last updated on 3 Dec 2017, 23:50.
[top]Guprotca Voxan Cnavare ce Crisare (Recognizing and Using the Reflexive Voice)
First of all, how to we enable the reflexive voice? It's as simple as applying the prefix, se-, and, as the name suggests, it is placed at the beginning of the verb; for example: se- combined with luvare (to wash) becomes seluvare (to wash oneself).
Simple, no? Of course, there are irregulars.
The first being if a verb starts with ⟨s⟩, it mutates to ⟨z⟩; for example: se- with secnare (to calm down) becomes sezecnare (to calm oneself down).
The second being if a verb starts with ⟨e⟩, se- mutates to si-; for example: se- with eurare (to loosen) becomes sieurare (to loosen oneself).
Good; now we know how to apply the reflexive, now the next question is, when do we use it?
The short answer is that the reflexive becomes triggered when one is doing an action towards him/herself; however, the answer's not that simple.
Here's a simple template: "I [verb] my [object]." Some examples would be "I wash my hands," "I brush my teeth," and "I dry my hair," which in Dagomnian would translate into Gesros seluvoh, Duntos sientreboh, and Pulan setersoh. The pattern to these is that they reflect to parts of one's body, so if you're doing something to either yourself or a specific body part, the reflexive is always used. Also, this isn't limited to physical objects, as it can even be used for ideas: Nejurian siermoh (I abandon my insanity).
Of course, if the object/idea is NOT a part of you, the reflexive isn't used: Hmi ognum luvoh (I wash my car), Tesa cetjan pevat (She cleans her room).
Here are some example words that have a reflexive alternative:
|Original Word||Reflexive Alternative||Translation|
|secnare||sezecnare||to calm down|
|idare||seidare||to put on|
|breunare||sebreunare||to be limited|
|buelare||sebuelare||to improve oneself|
|calare||secalare||to be named|
False-reflexive verbs (Words that look reflexive but are not)
|sestare||to take a nap|
All in all, the reflexive is not too commonly used, but it is recommended to know how to use and recognize it, and even recognize the false reflexives.
Spesoh, huei melmo steumi eset et granda djesan usmi gerioh!
I hope this article was informative, and I wish you all a great day!