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Dagomnian Lesson - Reflexive Voice
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Dagomni Upnejo - Guprotca Vox
This public article was written by Castillerian, and last updated on 3 Dec 2017, 23:50.

[comments] Menu 1. Guprotca Voxan Cnavare ce Crisare (Recognizing and Using the Reflexive Voice)
[top]Guprotca Voxan Cnavare ce Crisare (Recognizing and Using the Reflexive Voice)

First of all, how to we enable the reflexive voice? It's as simple as applying the prefix, se-, and, as the name suggests, it is placed at the beginning of the verb; for example: se- combined with luvare (to wash) becomes seluvare (to wash oneself).
Simple, no? Of course, there are irregulars.
The first being if a verb starts with ⟨s⟩, it mutates to ⟨z⟩; for example: se- with secnare (to calm down) becomes sezecnare (to calm oneself down).
The second being if a verb starts with ⟨e⟩, se- mutates to si-; for example: se- with eurare (to loosen) becomes sieurare (to loosen oneself).

Good; now we know how to apply the reflexive, now the next question is, when do we use it?
The short answer is that the reflexive becomes triggered when one is doing an action towards him/herself; however, the answer's not that simple.
Here's a simple template: "I [verb] my [object]." Some examples would be "I wash my hands," "I brush my teeth," and "I dry my hair," which in Dagomnian would translate into Gesros seluvoh, Duntos sientreboh, and Pulan setersoh. The pattern to these is that they reflect to parts of one's body, so if you're doing something to either yourself or a specific body part, the reflexive is always used. Also, this isn't limited to physical objects, as it can even be used for ideas: Nejurian siermoh (I abandon my insanity).
Of course, if the object/idea is NOT a part of you, the reflexive isn't used: Hmi ognum luvoh (I wash my car), Tesa cetjan pevat (She cleans her room).

Here are some example words that have a reflexive alternative:

Original WordReflexive AlternativeTranslation
luvareseluvareto wash
entrebaresientrebareto brush
secnaresezecnareto calm down
idareseidareto put on
breunaresebreunareto be limited
buelaresebuelareto improve oneself
calaresecalareto be named
cesaresecesareto comb
delgaresedelgareto maintain

False-reflexive verbs (Words that look reflexive but are not)
sedareto sit
segareto win
segurareto secure
sehrareto bleed
seibareto pour
selareto reside
seluareto salute
separeto provide
sequareto follow
serareto connect
seslareto approach
sestareto take a nap
seutareto boil
sevareto automate


All in all, the reflexive is not too commonly used, but it is recommended to know how to use and recognize it, and even recognize the false reflexives.

Spesoh, huei melmo steumi eset et granda djesan usmi gerioh!
I hope this article was informative, and I wish you all a great day!
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