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Lesson #1 — Introduction to Evuyumish
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Letters and sounds
This public article was written by [Deactivated User], and last updated on 24 Nov 2022, 20:14.

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Ar, komsatu!

It is the first lesson of the Evuyumish language and in this lesson you'll learn how to read Evuyumish words!


* Not all digraphs are mentioned
** Pronunciation given in the "explanation" column is present in the standardised New Evuyumish, which is derived from the Mavsutian dialect (Southern Evuyumish)

Letter or digraph*SoundWordExplanation**Notes
Aa[a]mammam [mam] (mom/mum)Note that "m" doesn't make "a" a nasal vowel. It's an exception
Bb[b]baba [ba] (in)
Bb + Vv[β]abvadekabvadek [aβ:a'rek] (rock)
Dd[d]dakamentdakament [daka'ment] (document)
Dd[ð]fedfed [feð] (neck)Occurs at the end of a word
Dd[r]fedumfedum [fe'rɜ̃] (to die)Often occurs between vowels
Dd + Zz + Jj[d͡ʒ]karadzjaokaradzjao [kaɹa'd͡ʒaʊ] (casino)
Ee[e]semsem [sẽ] (to be)
Ee[æ]tettet [rær] (city)In several words
Ee + Uu[õ]euklaleuklal [õ'klal] (ukulele)
Ff[f]fafnumfafnum [faj'nɜ̃], [faf'nɜ̃] (good)Some speakers of Evuyumish prefer saying [faf'nɜ̃] (the old form) instead of [faj'nɜ̃] (the new and standard form). It's worth mentioning that there's no etymological connection between English "fine" and Evuyumish "fafnum" and the similarities between the new pronunciation of this word in Evuyumish and "fine" are just a result of coincidence
Ff[j]f'ba f'Kænni [baj'kæn:i] (in Kænni (city))1) In the definite article before a word starting with a consonant AND after a word ending with a vowel. 2) Sometimes also before other consonants as in "fafnum" [faj'nɜ̃]
Ff[~]afaf [ẽ] (he)Makes the preceding vowel a nasal vowel before m or n, or at the end of a word
Gg[g]guggug [gyg] (language)
Hh[h]hatkumhatkum ['hatkɜ̃] (happy)
Ii[i]fatigfatig [fa'tig] (grief)Mostly in borrowings. Some speakers of Evuyumish may also use [i] instead of [ɪ] (depends on a dialect)
Ii[ɪ]titemtitem [rɪ'rẽ] (it is allowed to)
Jj[j]jexjex [jeʃ] (brother)
Kk[k]kometakometa ['kəmɾə] (God)
Kk + Nn[n̥]iknaikna ['ɪ:n̥ə] (and so on)
Kk + Ll[t͡ɬ]klimtklimt [t͡ɬɪmt] (frog)
Ll[l]lavehlaveh [lə'veh] (goose)
Mm[m]mavmav [mẽ] (sentient being, eg. human)
Mm[~]fexvremfexvrem [feʃ(ə)'vrẽ] (abroad)Makes the preceding vowel a nasal vowel
Nn[n]nibnib [nɪb] (down; hell)
Nn[~]xinkxink [ʃɪ̃k] (immorality)Makes the preceding vowel a nasal vowel
Oo[o]otot [ot], [or] (where)
Pp[p]paumpaum [pẽ] (pavement)
Rr[ɹ]rugryg [ɹyg] (stick)
Ss[s]saxsax [saʃ] (to think)
Tt[t]estomekestomek [estə'mek] (a while ago)Before stable consonants (unstable are Ff, Vv)
Tt[r]tettet [rær] (city)Before unstable consonants, at the beginning/end of a word (but not always)
Tt[θ]tabettabet ['θæbɪt] (to fix)Only in borrowings
Tt + Ll[t͡ɬ]tlimttlimt [t͡ɬɪmt] (frog)In doublets and borrowings
Tt + Xx[t͡ʃ]TurtxTurtx [tyɹt͡ʃ], [ryɹt͡ʃ] (Turkey)
Uu[y]snugsnug [snyg] (snow)
Uu[u]utomptutompt [u'rõt] (bastard)Only in borrowings (utompt is a result of folk etymology. In fact, it's from Russian "урод" [u'rot])
Vv[v]asvajasvaj [a'svaj] (to be sick/ill)
Vv[j]temmavumtemmavum [re'maʊjɜ̃] (athletic)In certain words
Vv[~]avmavm [ẽ] (light, freedom)Makes the preceding vowel a nasal vowel before m or n, or at the end of a word
Xx[ʃ]xinkxink [ʃɪ̃k] (immorality)
Zz[z]zuxekzuxek [zyʃk] (fish)
Zz + Jj[ʒ]zjunzjun [ʒɜ̃] (dune)
Ææ[æ]ælæl [æl] (son)
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