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Ashbarni [ASHB]
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Typology Progressing 359 words
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mūk'a-y ašbār-ni
[ˈmu:kʰaj aʃˈba:rni]
Registered by [Deactivated User] on 6 July 2022
Language type A priori
Species Human/humanoid
About Ashbarni

{breaking lore for a sec: the actual script is still being worked on, there are even more wacky characters to come!}

maasar--aath--isuy naymuu--y--dis [uykha--tuus]--uni rasuuy--adaa--gu--uy muukha--y--an--nay [asbaar]--ni akhuuy--ni
māšar-āt'-išuy naymū-y-diš uyk'a-tūš-uni rašūy-adā-gu-uy mūk'a-y-an-nay ašbār-ni ak'ūy-ni
māšarāt'išuy naymūydiš Uyk'a-Tūšuni rašūyadāgūy mūk'āynay ašbārni ak'ūni

word.NOMNominative (case)
TRANS subject, INTR argument
.PLPlural (number)
more than one/few
.this hand.POSSGPossessed (case)
marks being owned
.with Uyk'a-Tūš.POSPossessor
generic possessive article
write.PASSPassive voice (valency)
be verb-ed
action occurred before moment of speech
.3Third person (person)
neither speaker nor addressee
/.2PSecond person plural (person)
addressee (plural)
language.PAUPaucal (number)
a few, some
.POSSGPossessed (case)
marks being owned
.OBOblique (case)
marked case, vs. direct
.in ašbār.POSPossessor
generic possessive article
.1PFirst person plural (person)
we (inclusive or exclusive)
generic possessive article

/ˈma:ʃara:tʰiʃuj najˈmu:jdiʃ ujkʰaˈtu:ʃuni raˈʃu:jada:gu:j ˈmu:kʰa:jnaj aʃˈba:rni aˈkʰu:ni/

These words were written with the hand of Uyk'a-Tūš in our, Ashbarni, language.

A long forgotten ancient language isolate once spoken by circa 300 000 people in the Ashbarni Kingdom (locally also kasirath <‍kaširat'>, /ˈkaʃiratʰ/, "homeland, native land" ). It is an agglutinative language, though its later forms show some signs of fusion in certain cases.

Nouns, pronouns and verbs have only paucal and plural numbers; it is unknown how or why Ashbarni lost the singular, or if it even had it in the first place; it is theorised, though, that the singular and paucal (or former dual) merged, as pronouns and verbs have many of their forms merged similarly too;

First person
Second person
Third person

Verb endingsPaucalPlural
First person
Second person
Third person

For more info, check the articles.
Sample of Ashbarni[view] way-t' māw-n 'ūršuk'-'a-ni-(w) arp'i-māw-t' kaširat'-an-ay ak'ūy-ni naymū-'a-ni-(u)y / / way-t' māw-n 'ūršuk'-'a-ni-(w) šimrūš-an-diš-ay Ūšmūruk'-uni 'ūršuk'-'a-ni-(w) arp'i-māw-t' 'āšār-ād-an āwi ūšmūr-ād-an āwi wāraw-ād-an āwi martūruk'-ād...[view all texts]
Latest vocabulary
ramušnface coverings
Language family relationships
Language tree1 - Language Families of Cutlatul
 ⤷ Language Families of Cutlatul
  ⤷ Equator deserts
   ⤷  Ashbarni
[view] About 1 - Language Families of CutlatulNote that these language families are not related; I only created this so I have them all in one place.

The extinction years of the language families and individual languages are actually the years the proto languages are the...
Nasal m n       ŋ  
Plosive p pʰ b t tʰ d       k kʰ g  
Fricative     ʃ1       h2
Lateral approximant   l          
Approximant       j w    
Trill   r          
  1. exact pronunciation unclear; see article
  2. only at word start, mostly in words with negative connotations; some believe it wasn't phonemic
Close i i:   u u:
Mid   ə  
Open a a:    
Syllable StructureThe simplest syllable could be composed of a single vowel and a consonant, either on the onset or the coda.

Most native roots were disyllabic.

Words could not, as a rule, have the same vowel twice, with the second one being long (i.e. *wašār was not possible, but *wašar and *wāšar were). This is due to vowel dissimilation that is believed to have occured in Early Ashbarni, where aCā/iCā, iCī/aCī, and uCū/iCū.
One exception is the name itself, which likely survived precisely because it is an autonym; it was later probably pronounced as *āšbārni, though.

Most common syllables are CV, CVC and VC, where C can be any consonant (except for <ǧ> /ŋ/, which does not seem to appear at the onset, and <'>, which only could appear at the beginning of a native word).
Rarely, one can encounter CVjC and CVwC, although it is thought there was an unwritten schwa (i.e. CVjəC CVwəC) – most likely being a reflex of Proto-Ashbarni *ʲa. These syllables underwent simplification over time: Proto-Ashbarni *masawʲat, early Ashbarni *mahawət, classical "māwət" (later "māwt"), post-classical "māt", late /ma:/, "night".
Stress informationStress seems to have been very regular in Classical Ashbarni, where either the first or the long syllable was accented, as proven by loan words into other languages. In later Ashbarni, this is further proven by vowel reductions. By this traditional analysis, stress wasn't phonemic; one can, however, say that vowel length was only secondary (as in, long vowels were long because they were stressed, not the other way around), and that stress was actually phonemic.
Below is the orthography for Ashbarni. This includes all graphemes as defined in the language's phonology settings - excluding the non-distinct graphemes/polygraphs.
 AshbarniOrthography [edit]
✖ Unknown alphabetical order [change]
  1. only at word start, mostly in words with negative connotations; some believe it wasn't phonemic
  2. exact pronunciation unclear; see article
Latest 8 related articles listed below.
List of Ashbarni characters
A (non)comprehensive list of all characters (currently creat...
13-Jun-24 15:21
Ashbarni phonology; (in)direct evidence and some history
An analysis of the reconstructed phonological system of Ashb...
23-Jul-23 13:03
The Ashbarni script
The writing, it's history and the way it works
30-Apr-23 15:58
Just what is Ashbarni?
A summary of everything we know about Ashbarni (in-world lor...
11-Dec-22 13:18
Typological information for Ashbarni

Base counting systemHexadecimal (16)
Morphological typologyAgglutinative
Primary word orderSOV
Script typePictographic/Ideographic

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