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Àbhradoch [AVR]
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LotM Winner Typology Functional 2,061 words
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Àbhradoch
Àbhradoch
[ˈɑ:u̯rəd̥ɔx]*
Registered by alexis on 5 April 2017
Language type Artistic Language (Artlang)
Species Human/humanoid
About Àbhradoch
Biann u mbughann mnor bhaòch ar leoch-ruitea miceaidh u nguithi adar càr abhanna ga bhaòch.
biann u mbuġann mnor ḃaòċ ar leoċ-ruitea miceaiḋ u nguiṫi adar càr aḃanna ga ḃaòċ.
[b̥ʲɪᵈn ʉ muə̯ᵈn mᵊnɔr̥ βɤ:x ər̥ ˈlʲʌxˌrɪd̥ʲə mʲɪˈkʰʲəi̯ ʉ ˈŋɪhɪ ˈad̥ər̥ kʰɑ:r̥ ˈəu̯nə g̊ə βɤ:x]
"When man first breathes, the evil of the world is the first thing to escape his lips."


 Àbhradoch (àḃradoċ) is an a priori language spoken on the isolated island of Àbhra. Those who speak it are called the Àbhradar (SGSingular (number)
one countable entity
Àbhradon).

The language was originally (fairly obviously) inspired by Goidelic languages, in particular Scottish Gaelic. Over time it's developed into more of its own unique entity with several changes, including a more complex synthetic grammar, extremely irregular plurals, and Germanic-like separable verb constructions, though many of the original elements remain.

Quick summary of features:
  • SVO word order
  • No nominal cases
  • Irregular plurals for almost everything (neis → nech; duimh → dumhar; càd → càis)
  • Verbs are marked for 7 tensespresent, past, perfect, imperfect, pluperfect, future, future perfect, 4 moodsindicative, subjunctive, conditional, imperative, active/passive voice, and first/non-first person
  • Additional variant verb forms used only when a verb is within a subordinate or relative clause
  • Alienability distinction
  • Subordinating prepositions: sur "near, close to" → sàrr "near [the place] where"
  • "Directive verbs," which are verbs with an accompanying prepositional adverb, similar to Germanic's separable verbs (e.g. "give up")
  • Base-8 (octal) number system
Sample of Àbhradoch[view] Giu bhiwrdaraì nachaimeais ghiumhaim dhashbhaemeaim tiull-shgoidheaim ànuicì òch, nucar shì gead Gàidh Fhaol. Gadad fùill-ruiteaim gead. Ga shiubh, Ùlfardh gèidinn ann: ne-nacha tàr abhailea annchar adar tham ga charumh? Ne-nacha tàr aghalla ’r Siòr thas ga charumh? Ne-nacha tàr aghalla ’r sibh sgoidheach thas? Uas abhaileaimeais i Neis s’ i bPè s’...[view all texts]
Latest vocabulary
cùille chuimhnpinky finger
cùille obuinmiddle finger
Sound samples in Àbhradoch
Some sound samples of Àbhradoch. Maximum of 6 shown. Click the links to see the full texts.
Fe nguithi tiuram g'aidedh uas bhùair miabh gùesgiuas uas sbhaemneaghar. Damar feonnuas uas rùa...
All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and con...
Phonology
ConsonantsBilabialLabio-
dental
AlveolarPost-
Alveolar
PalatalLabio-
velar
VelarGlottalOther
Nasal m mʲ   n nʲ       ŋ    
Plosive [ʰp] [ʰpʲ] pʰ pʰʲ b̥ʲ b̥   [ʰt] [ʰtʲ] tʰ tʰʲ d̥ʲ d̥       [ʰk] [ʰkʲ] kʰ kʰʲ g̥ʲ g̥    
Fricative β βʲ f fʲ v vʲ s ʃ ç ʝ   x ɣ h  
Lateral approximant               ɫ
Approximant         j w      
Trill     r rʲ            
VowelsFrontNear-
front
CentralBack
Close i:   ɨ ʉ ɯ: u:
Near-close   ɪ    
Close-mid e: ø:   ɵ: ɤ: o:
Mid     [ə]  
Open-mid ɛ œ     ʌ ɔ ɔ:
Open a     ɑ:
Polyphthongs əu̯ uə̯ ɯə̯ iə̯ əi̯ ɔi̯
Orthography
Below is the orthography for Àbhradoch. This includes all graphemes as defined in the language's phonology settings - excluding the non-distinct graphemes/polygraphs.
 ÀbhradochOrthography
g
g
ge
/g̥/, /g̥ʲ/
ġ
gh
ge dhamhaes
/ɣ/, /j/, /ʝ/
c
c
ceà
/kʰ/, /kʰʲ/, [ʰk], [ʰkʲ]
ċ
ch
ceà dhamhaes
/ç/, /x/
a
a
a
/a/, [ə]
à
à
a mhailiòis
/ɑ:/
d
d
/d̥/, /d̥ʲ/
dh
dù dhamhaes
/ɣ/, /j/, /ʝ/
o
o
o
/ɔ/
ò
ò
o mhailiòis
/ɔ:/
ao
ao
a s'o
/ʌ/, [ə]
a s'o mhailiòis
/ɤ:/
b
b
baè
/b̥/, /b̥ʲ/
bh
baè dhamhaes
/βʲ/, /β/, /w/
f
f
faidh
/f/, /fʲ/
fh
faidh dhamhaes
//
l
l
laè
/lʲ/, /ɫ/
u
u
u
/ʉ/, [ə]
ù
ù
u mhailiòis
/u:/
ua
ua
u s'a
/ɨ/, [ə]
ùa
ùa
u s'a mhailiòis
/ɯ:/
w
w
w
/œ/
w mhailiòis
/ɵ:/
t
t
/tʰ/, /tʰʲ/, [ʰt], [ʰtʲ]
th
tà dhamhaes
/h/
s
s
sann
/ʃ/, /s/
sh
sann dhamhaes
/h/
e
e
e
/ɛ/, [ə]
è
è
e mhailiòis
/e:/
i
i
i
/ɪ/
ì
ì
i mhailiòis
/i:/
p
p
peò
/pʰ/, /pʰʲ/, [ʰp], [ʰpʲ]
ph
peò dhamhaes
/f/, /fʲ/
n
n
ne
/n/, /nʲ/
m
m
/m/, /mʲ/
mh
mà dhamhaes
/v/, /vʲ/
r
r
/r/, /rʲ/
✔ Shown in correct order
    Latest 8 related articles listed below.
    Àbhradoch Syntax
    Tiulldhaeghe u n'Àbhradoch
    12-Oct-19 22:03
    Àbhradoch Phonology and Orthography
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    05-Oct-19 15:31
    Àbhradoch Morphology
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    05-Sep-19 20:43
    LotM - Dec 17: Àbhradoch
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    Lessons (1)
    11 · Intro & Pronunciation
    Typological information for Àbhradoch

    Coarticulation / Consonant seriesPalatalised/ plain
    Base counting systemOctal (8)
    Morphological typologyFusional
    Possession distinctionsAlienable/inalienable
    Marked voice (verb)Active and Passive

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