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Samur [CGI]
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Samür Xele
[sămʊr xe̞le]
Registered by Lme15 on 13 August 2016
Language type A posteriori
Species Human/humanoid
About Samur Samur (natively Samür, pronounced [sămʊr], is a Para-Mongolic language spoken by about nine million people in The Chagai Khanate as well as some parts of Kazakhstan and South Siberia. The Chagai language is a member of the Para-Mongolic subgroup of the Altaic languages, but the strong influences from several languages has resulted into a very peculiar language rich in grammatic and with many loanwords from Mongolic and Tungusic languages.

Chagai is formally written in two scripts, the Mögö Bachga, since 1230 along with the Jurgün Bachga script used for governmental articles. The Jurgün Bachga (lit: Golden alphabet) is widely known as a syllabic script related to the Khitan small script and the presumible Hun-Xianbei script from the Xiongnu, its origin are mostly unknown and its first records can be traced as far back as the 972 CE, the Chagai language might have been written with a variation from the Orkhon alphabet thus explaining its relations with the Hun-Xianbei script.

In 1230 CE, during the rise of the Mongol Empire, the pro-mongol chieftain Xie Wudan from the Chelü tribe proposed the creation of a Mongol alphabet after the integration of the Chagais into the Mongol empire, with the goal of facilitating communications with merchants and the court. The alphabet was officially created five years later with the collaboration of Mongol scholars and was named as the "Mögö Bachga" (lit: Silver script) by the Chagai warlord Tuye Chelü. the Mögö Bachga follows the main phonetic values of the Chagai language retaining special values used for borrowed words especially of Mongol origin.
Sample of SamurCan't find any yet.
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Language family relationships
Language treePara-Mongolic
 ⤷ Proto-Mongol
  ⤷ Kumo-Xi
   ⤷ Old Samur
    ⤷ Middle Samur
     ⤷  Samur
[view] About Para-MongolicThe closest relative of the languages traced back to Proto-Mongolic appears to be the medieval Khitan language. Khitan has been described as "Para-Mongolic": not part of the Mongolic family, but related to it.

Para-Mongolic is a sub branch of the ...
[view] Altai (Altay)The Altay dialect is spoken around the Altay mountains and the Dzungar Basin to the west bordering China and Russia, this dialect has absorbed considerable loanwords from Chinese and even Russian with some phonetic variations.
[view] Balqash (Balkhash)The Balkhash dialect is spoken by a minority of Chagais in Kazakhstan who are considered as descendants of the remaining warriors of the sixth division of Genghis Khan who settled around the Balkhash lake. This dialect is in difference with others a divergent variation of the language and contains a considerable amount of borrowed Turkic features, its phonology has experienced most of the changes and its vocabulary contains a 30% of Turkic words mainly borrowed from Kazakh.
[view] Xölön (Hulun)The hulun dialect is spoken by a small minority of Chagais in the shores of the Hulun lake in the north of the Inner-Mongolian region of China, in difference with other dialects it has a considerable quantity of loanwords of Chinese origin which comprises the 20% to 30% of the vocabulary.
Nasal m mʲ n nʲ         ŋ  
Plosive p pʰ b t d         k g  
Fricative ɸ s z ʃ ɕ ʑ     x ɣ h
Affricate   t͡s t͡sʰ d͡z t͡ʃ t͡ʃʰ t͡ɕ d͡ʑ        
Lateral approximant   l            
Lateral fricative   ɮ            
Approximant         j w    
Trill   r            
Close i ʷi     u
Near-close     ʊ  
Close-mid e [eʷ]1 ø      
Mid   ə    
Open-mid       ɔ
Near-open æ      
Open       ɒ [ɒʷ]
  1. allophone of /e/
Below is the orthography for Samur. This includes all graphemes as defined in the language's phonology settings - excluding the non-distinct graphemes/polygraphs.
Aa/ɒ/AI ai/æ/AU au[ɒʷ]Ää/æ/Çç/t͡ʃ/, /t͡ʃʰ/Öö/ø/Ḿḿ/mʲ/Üü/ʊ/Bb/b/Cc/t͡s/, /d͡z/, /t͡sʰ/Dd/d/
Ee/e/, /ə/EU eu[eʷ]Ff/ɸ/Gg/g/, /ɣ/Hh/h/Ii/i/Jj/d͡ʑ/Kk/k/Ll/ɮ/, /l/Mm/m/Nn/n/
NG ng/ŋ/Oo/ɔ/OI oi/ə/Pp/p/, /pʰ/Qq/x/Rr/r/Ss/s/Tt/t/Uu/u/UI ui/ʷi/Vv/w/
✖ Unknown alphabetical order
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