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Edebro [EDB]
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Typology Progressing 725 words
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Registered by Echethesi on 24 February 2016
Language type Artistic Language (Artlang)
Species Human/humanoid
About Edebro Aysling: The official language of Gxambfan, the dominant empire on the continent of Kadsrasan.
Sahar: The extinct protolanguage of the Paroan family of the Parshita region of Miraria. (Also known as Proto-Paroan in this context.)

Designed to be minimalist and have as little role marking on nouns as possible (both morphological and syntactic).
For updates on development, check out this thread.

Neat Features:
*generally head-final, but highly free word order
*direct-inverse/hierarchical alignment
*no role marking on nouns, nor noun-verb agreement
*mandatory auxiliary verb
*reduplication to mark plurality on nouns, intensity/telicity on verbs
*no dedicated third person pronouns
*no true adjectives
*alienability distinction in possession
*four grammatical voices
*serial verb constructions
*lexical stress determining part of speech (unwritten tho)
Sample of Edebro[view] Obfir o r papadra ge njrim ni r ruruku dsjinte ma m djadjan tornibfa as dsedsima sum na rjado o.

Strange women lying in ponds distributing swords is no basis for a system of government.
[view all texts]
Latest vocabulary
taauxcausative auxiliary
Sound samples in Edebro
Some sound samples of Edebro. Maximum of 6 shown. Click the links to see the full texts.
Ne kim pungxon ni.
You must die!
Edebro, todinjgubo, tjoma ne ma sje?
English, motherfucker, do you speak it?
Language family relationships
Language treeParoan
 ⤷  Edebro
[view] About ParoanA language family originating in central Parshita, now spoken along much of Miraria's southern coast as far west as Vaniua.
[view] Standard (Aysling)This is the version of the Edebro that is spoken as a standard in the nation of Gxambfan on the planet Aysling.
[view] Proto-Paroan (Sahar)This is the version of Edebro that was spoken 6000 years ago on Sahar and is now known as the protolanguage of the Paroan family.
Nasal m n nʲ     [ŋ]1
Plosive p pʰ [b]2 t tʲ tʰ tʰʲ [d]3 [dʲ]4     k kʰ [g]5
Fricative   s [z]6 ʃ [ʒ]7    
Affricate   t͡s [d͡z]8 t͡ʃ [d͡ʒ]9   k͡x [g͡ɣ]10
Approximant       [j]11  
Trill   r rʲ [r̥ʲ]12 [r̥]13      
Blends pf [bv]14
  1. adjacent to velars, allophone of /n/
  2. intervocalically, allophone of /p/
  3. intervocalically, allophone of /t/
  4. intervocalically, allophone of /tʲ/
  5. intervocalically, allophone of /k/
  6. intervocalically, allophone of /s/
  7. intervocalically, allophone of /ʃ/
  8. intervocalically, allophone of /t͡s/
  9. intervocalically, allophone of /t͡ʃ/
  10. intervocalically, allophone of /k͡x/
  11. in clusters and sometimes coda, allophone of /rʲ/
  12. following aspirated stops, allophone of /rʲ/
  13. following aspirated stops, allophone of /r/
  14. intervocalically, allophone of /pf/
Close i       u
Near-close   [ɪ]1   [ʊ]2  
Mid   [ə]3  
Open-mid [ɛ]4       [ɔ]5
Open     ä    
  1. before nasals, unstressed, allophone of /i/
  2. before nasals, unstressed, allophone of /u/
  3. unstressed, allophone of /ä/
  4. before voiced consonants, unstressed, allophone of /e̞/
  5. before voiced consonants, unstressed, allophone of /o̞/
Syllable StructureEdebro syllables are maximally of the form CRVN, where C is any consonant, R is a liquid, V is a vowel, and N is a nasal stop, liquid, or sibilant fricative. CR clusters may not be formed with sibilant fricatives.
Stress informationStress in Edebro is lexically distinctive, and its placement often marks the difference between nouns and verbs. Nouns, determiners and numerals typically have word-final stress, while verbs, auxiliaries and prepositions typically have penultimate stress.
Below is the orthography for Edebro. This includes all graphemes as defined in the language's phonology settings - excluding the non-distinct graphemes/polygraphs.
Aa/ä/, [ə]1Ee/e̞/, [ɛ]2Ii/i/, [ɪ]3Oo/o̞/, [ɔ]4Uu/u/, [ʊ]5Bb/p/, [b]6BF bf/pf/, [bv]7Pp/pʰ/Dd/t/, [d]8DS ds/t͡s/, [d͡z]9Tt/tʰ/Ss/s/, [z]10
DJ dj/tʲ/, [dʲ]11DSJ dsj/t͡ʃ/, [d͡ʒ]12TJ tj/tʰʲ/SJ sj/ʃ/, [ʒ]13Gg/k/, [g]14GX gx/k͡x/, [g͡ɣ]15Kk/kʰ/Mm/m/Nn/n/, [ŋ]16NJ nj/nʲ/Rr/r/, [r̥]17RJ rj/rʲ/, [j]18, [r̥ʲ]19
✔ Shown in correct order
  1. unstressed
  2. before voiced consonants, unstressed
  3. before nasals, unstressed
  4. before voiced consonants, unstressed
  5. before nasals, unstressed
  6. intervocalically
  7. intervocalically
  8. intervocalically
  9. intervocalically
  10. intervocalically
  11. intervocalically
  12. intervocalically
  13. intervocalically
  14. intervocalically
  15. intervocalically
  16. adjacent to velars
  17. following aspirated stops
  18. in clusters and sometimes coda
  19. following aspirated stops
Latest 8 related articles listed below.
Edebro Style Registers
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27-Sep-19 01:51
Edebro Syntax
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13-Sep-19 03:07
Auxiliary Verbs in Edebro
Or, How to do do
13-Sep-19 03:07
Other Phonological Information on Edebro
For when the "Other Phonological Information" fields inevita...
13-Sep-19 03:06
Possession in Edebro
Or, How to be a hoarder
14-Feb-18 07:43
Imperatives and Interrogatives in Edebro
Or, How to be an effective wardon
14-Feb-18 07:36
Allophony in Edebro 14-Feb-18 06:51
Sentences in Edebro
200-ish sentences to test Edebro grammar.
01-Jul-17 07:51
Typological information for Edebro

Adposition head-directionalityHead final
Morphological typologyAnalytical
Morphosyntactic alignmentHierarchical alignment
Primary word orderNo set order
Valence decreasing voicesPassive and Antipassive

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