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Bornholmese [GUA]
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Bornholmese
Burgundmál
[bʉːrjund'maul]
Registered by Lme15 on 27 August 2016
Language type A posteriori
Species Human/humanoid
About Bornholmese The Bornholmese language (natively known as "Burgundmál") is a Northern Germanic language spoken by 46 thousand people in the Grand Duchy of Bornholm, a minority can be found in the south of Sweden where the Northern Bornholmese dialect is spoken. The language is strongly related to the Old Gutnish dialect of Old Norse and retains archaic features not seen in any other Northern Germanic language, due to early contact with the Burgundians during the 9th century, the language has been notably influenced by the Eastern branch of the Germanic languages, most of these features are only seen in the Old Bornholmese language which is also considered as a dialect for Old Norse. Between the 13th and 17th-century mass immigration from Northern Germany to Bornholm occurred mainly because of its strategic position in the Baltic sea, in effect the several Germanic languages have shaped most of the Bornholmese vocabulary and phonology.

The Bornholmese language is often associated with Burgundian as an early source for some of its lexicon, the island of Bornholm was known as Burgundaholmr in Old Norse.
Sample of Bornholmese[view] Allar manneskjur er feðast friáls oc javn inn veirþingu oc reþindóm. Þaun er geþir með orsök oc samviska oc etti breyta bróðirliga hvyrandra.

All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
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Latest vocabulary
artikkelnarticle
hvyrandrapeach other
hvyrtadjevery
Language family relationships
Language treeGermanic
 ⤷ Proto-Germanic
  ⤷ North Germanic
   ⤷ Old Norse
    ⤷ Old Bornholmese
     ⤷  Bornholmese
[view] About GermanicThe Germanic languages are a branch of the Indo-European language family spoken natively by a population of approximately 500 million people mainly in North America, Oceania, Western and Northern Europe. Proto-Germanic , which was spoken in approxima...
[view] Norþur Gauti/ Gautiska (Northern Gautish)Northern Gautish is spoken by a small minority in the region of Scania and formerly in Jutland, this dialect has been severely influenced by Swedish and previously Norwegian demonstrating notable variations especially in its vocabulary and phonology.
Phonology
ConsonantsBilabialLabio-
dental
DentalAlveolarPost-
Alveolar
RetroflexPalatalLabio-
velar
VelarGlottalOther
Nasal m     n n:         ŋ    
Plosive p b     t t: d         k k: g    
Fricative   f v θ ð s z ʃ ʒ ʂ       h ɧ
Affricate         t͡ʃ d͡ʒ            
Lateral approximant       l l:              
Approximant             j w      
Trill       r              
Blends mt hw rj ɧj ŋk ndʒ ja
jœu jau
VowelsFrontNear-
front
CentralBack
Close i   ʉ u
Near-close   ɪ    
Open-mid ɛ œ     ɔ
Open a      
Polyphthongs au ɔu ʉi œi ɛi ɔi ɛɪ aj
Orthography
Below is the orthography for Bornholmese. This includes all graphemes as defined in the language's phonology settings - excluding the non-distinct graphemes/polygraphs.
 BornholmeseOrthography
Aa/a/Bb/b/Cc/k/Dd/d/Ff/f/FND fnd/mt/FNT fnt/mt/Gg/g/GJ gj/j/Hh/h/
HJ hj/ʒ/, /j/HL hl/ɧj/HV hv/hw/Jj/j/Kk/k/KJ kj/d͡ʒ/, /dʒ/KK kk/k:/Ll/l/LL ll/l:/Mm/m/
Nn/n/NG ng/ŋ/NK nk/ŋk/, /ndʒ/NN nn/n:/Oo/ɔ/Pp/p/Rr/r/RG rg/rj/RS rs/ʂ/Ss/s/
SH sh/ʂ/SK sk/ɧ/, /ʃ/SKJ skj/ɧ/, /ʃ/Tt/t/TJ tj/t͡ʃ/TT tt/t:/Vv/v/Ðð/ð/Þþ/θ/
✖ Unknown alphabetical order
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