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Iris [IRX]
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Typology Progressing 28 words
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Iris
'Arṛan
[ʕar.rˤən]
Registered by Leiden on 11 July 2019
Language type A priori
Species Human/humanoid
About Iris Iris ('Ar-ṛan /ˈʕar.rˤən/), also known as Ancient Riyan, is the language of ancient Ire (Aye-re, Iris: 'Argaṭ, officially Ṛw:ednwet 'Arga /rˤʊwɛd.nwɛt ʕarga/), a Bronze Age kingdom (c. 16th-5th century BCE) in the Central Basin of Soltenna, after which the river Acre (Riyan: Airé /ˈirɛ/) is named. It is the oldest currently attested Rietic language, having been spoken as the official court and liturgical language of Basin dynasties, including Ire, before declining in use to Old Kwang in (year TBD).

Highlight features include:
  • Simplistic phonology (21c 4v) but also pharyngeals
  • Isolating agglutination
  • Erg Nom Acc Dat
  • Georgian-inspired split ergativity and intransitivity
  • VSO, sometimes SVO
  • Verbs mark for aspect and person
  • Instrument and locative noun incorporation
Sample of Iris[view] 'An:nwet-y ayadag w ko sw:a gye, ǧ tadšam:aṭo dw-e.

I used to be an adventurer like you, then I took an arrow in the knee.
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Latest vocabulary
ǧiyamnsapling
pamnplant
pamntree
Language family relationships
Language treeRietic
 ⤷  Proto-Rietic
  ⤷ Northern
   ⤷ Acre
    ⤷  Iris
[view] About RieticA group of [Sahar] languages mainly spoken in eastern Soltenna.
Phonology
ConsonantsBilabialAlveolarPost-
Alveolar
PalatalLabio-
velar
VelarPharyngealGlottal
Nasal m n       [ŋ]1    
Plosive p b t tˤ d       k kˤ g    
Fricative   s sˤ z ʃ       ʕ h
Affricate   [t͡s]2 t͡ʃ d͡ʒ          
Lateral approximant   l            
Approximant       j w      
Trill   r rˤ            
  1. allophone of /m/
  2. allophone of /z/
VowelsFrontCentralBack
Close i    
Mid   [ə]1  
Open-mid ɛ    
Open a   ɑ
  1. allophone of /a/
Orthography
Below is the orthography for Iris. This includes all graphemes as defined in the language's phonology settings - excluding the non-distinct graphemes/polygraphs.
 IrisOrthography
'/ʕ/-//://Aa/a/Ḳḳ/kˤ/Ṛṛ/rˤ/Ṣṣ/sˤ/Ṭṭ/tˤ/Bb/b/Ǧǧ/d͡ʒ/
Dd/d/Ee/ɛ/Gg/g/Hh/h/Ii/i/Kk/k/Ll/l/Mm/m/Nn/n/Oo/ɑ/
Pp/p/Rr/r/Ss/s/Tt/t/Ww/w/Yy/j/Zz/z/Šš/ʃ/Čč/t͡ʃ/
✖ Unknown alphabetical order
    Typological information for Iris

    Morphological typologyAnalytical
    Morphosyntactic alignmentSplit Ergative
    Number of nominal casesFour cases
    Primary word orderVSO
    Script typeLogographic

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