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Iris [IRX]
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Typology Progressing 45 words
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Iris
'Arṛan
[ʕar.rˤan]
Registered by Leiden on 11 July 2019
Language type A priori
Species Human/humanoid
About Iris
◆ ʼAnsenŵet ʼArga Rŵṛan ◆
Court language of the Iris Federation



It is the language of Ancient Iris, also known as the Iris Federation, an Iron Age civilization (c. 14th-2nd century BCE) with roots in the Bronze Age-era 'First Iris dynasty', located in the Central Basin region of Soltenna. Namesake to the river Acre (Riyan: Airé /ˈirɛ/), it is the oldest attested Rietic language, having been spoken as a literary language of high status in various Soltennan polities in antiquity before being slowly replaced by Kwang by the turn of Common Era as the original civilization fell into the shadow realm.

23-consonant 4-short 5-long vowel CVC phonology, featuring your friendly neighborhood pharyngeals
Isolating - (often) one syllable one meaning, with an urge to compound words, featuring classifiers for counting, e.g. three-trunk-tree
Four nominal cases (ERGErgative (case)
TRANS subject; agent
NOMNominative (case)
TRANS subject, INTR argument
ACCAccusative (case)
TRANS direct object; patient
DATDative (case)
indirect object; recipient, beneficiary, location
), also four pronominal cases (NOMNominative (case)
TRANS subject, INTR argument
ACCAccusative (case)
TRANS direct object; patient
GENGenitive (case)
possessive
DATDative (case)
indirect object; recipient, beneficiary, location
)
Georgian-inspired split ergativity - distinct meanings for distinct noun markings (E>N, N>A, D>N, N>, E>)
SVO, sometimes VSO word order - time/place adjuncts are placed initially, while adverbs and auxiliaries finally
Aspect (PFVPerfective (aspect)
completed action
CONTContinuative (tense/aspect)
continuous or durational action
HABHabitual (aspect)
done often or out of habit
) and person marking (1SFirst person singular (person)
speaker, signer, etc.; I
1PAUFirst person paucal (person)
we (us few)
1PFirst person plural (person)
we (inclusive or exclusive)
2SSecond person singular (person)
addressee (you)
2PSecond person plural (person)
addressee (plural)
3SThird person singular (person)
neither speaker nor addressee
3PThird person plural (person)
neither speaker nor addressee, they/them
), placed before (ACTActive voice (valency, volition)
the subject acts, voluntarily
) or after the verb (MIDMiddle voice (valency)
subject is both agent and patient
STAVStative aspect (aspect)
ongoing but not changing
)
Noun incorporation - verbs get incorporated by either instrument, object, location, or adposition, e.g. hand-see "experience", for-ask "request"

Sample of Iris[view] Sarbanđık-te leṭ-n dıne.

A star shines on the hour of our meeting.
[view all texts]
Latest vocabulary
ŷmncolumn
ŷmnlog
ŷmnpillar
Language family relationships
Language treeRietic
 ⤷  Proto-Rietic
  ⤷ Acre, Elder
   ⤷  Iris
[view] About RieticA language family native to Eastern Soltenna, named after its urheimat Rietic Mountains.
Phonology
ConsonantsBilabialAlveolarPost-
Alveolar
PalatalLabio-
velar
VelarPharyngealGlottal
Nasal m n       ŋ    
Plosive p b t tˤ d       k kˤ g    
Fricative   s sˤ z ʃ       ʕ h
Affricate     d͡ʒ          
Lateral approximant   l            
Approximant       j w      
Trill   r rˤ            
VowelsFrontCentralNear-
back
Back
Close i i: ʉ:   ɯ
Near-close     ʊ:  
Close-mid e:      
Open-mid ɛ     ɔ:
Near-open   ɐ    
Open a:     ɑ
Orthography
Below is the orthography for Iris. This includes all graphemes as defined in the language's phonology settings - excluding the non-distinct graphemes/polygraphs.
 IrisOrthography
Aa/ɐ/Ââ/a:/Êê/e:/Îî/ʉ:/Ôô/ɔ:/Ḳḳ/kˤ/Ṅṅ/ŋ/Ṛṛ/rˤ/Ṣṣ/sˤ/Ṭṭ/tˤ/Bb/b/Ǧǧ/d͡ʒ/
Dd/d/Ee/ɛ/ʼ/ʕ/Gg/g/Hh/h/İi/i/Kk/k/Ll/l/Mm/m/Nn/n/Oo/ɑ/Pp/p/
Rr/r/Ss/s/Tt/t/Ww/w/Yy/j/Šš/ʃ/Ŵŵ/ʊ:/Ŷŷ/i:/Đđ/z//ɯ/
✖ Unknown alphabetical order
    Typological information for Iris

    Morphological typologyAnalytical
    Morphosyntactic alignmentSplit Ergative
    Number of nominal casesFour cases
    Primary word orderSVO
    Script typeLogographic

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