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Judeo-English [JENG]
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Typology Progressing 345 words
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Judeo-English
אַנגליִש
[aŋglɪʃ]
Registered by [Deactivated User] on 20 January 2024
Language type A posteriori
Place & SpeakersJudeo-English is spoken by a population of 227,675 in the United Kingdom.
Species Human/humanoid
About Judeo-English
!שלום


Judeo-English (Judeo-English: אַנגליִש, anglish [aŋglɪʃ], also known as Jiwish is a West Germanic language spoken by Jews in the United Kingdom. It is descended from Middle English, and heavily influenced by Yiddish, Judeo-Spanish, and multiple smaller Jewish languages and dialects across Europe. Due to this, it is typically mutually intelligable with English.

The Standard form of Judeo-English is a neutralisation of the many dialects referred to as Judeo-English compiled by the Anglo-Jewish Association to be easily understood by all major dialects of Judeo-English, so those learning the language will be able to speak with all British Jews. No Native Speakers of Judeo-English use the standard form.

British Jews typically speak both Judeo-English and Standard English, and code-switching between the languages in formal contexts is very common, however due to movements to preserve Jewish Diasporic Culture in recent decades, many are attempting to allow Judeo-English to be used in wider contexts, and to remove its connotations as a lower class language.
Sample of Judeo-English[view] תיִס װאַס אָ׳ן טריִיומף / איי ריִיט הע׳ר אָ׳ן נוֹט: גרע׳ט סוקסעס / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / [view all texts]
Latest vocabulary
מעimeh
מעadjso-so
Language family relationships
Language treeGermanic
 ⤷ Proto-Germanic
  ⤷ West Germanic
   ⤷ Anglo-Frisian
    ⤷ Anglic
     ⤷ Old English
      ⤷ Middle English
       ⤷  Judeo-English
[view] About GermanicThe Germanic languages are a branch of the Indo-European language family spoken natively by a population of approximately 500 million people mainly in North America, Oceania, Western and Northern Europe. Proto-Germanic , which was spoken in approxima...
[edit] [view] מיִטיִק לונדן אַנגליִש (Greater London Judeo-English)Greater London Judeo-English is the dialect of Judeo-English spoken across London, with the exception of the Northern Boroughs.
[edit] [view] נאָרת לונדן אַנגליִש (North London Judeo-English)North London Judeo-English refers to the dialect of Judeo-English used in Jewish communities in North London.
Phonology
ConsonantsBilabialLabio-
dental
DentalAlveolarPost-
Alveolar
PalatalLabio-
velar
VelarUvularGlottal
Nasal m     n       [ŋ]1    
Plosive p b     t d       k g    
Fricative   f v θ ð s z ʃ (ʒ) [ç]   x [ʁ] h
Affricate       (t͡s) t͡ʃ d͡ʒ          
Lateral approximant       l [lˠ]            
Approximant           j ʍ w      
Trill                 ʀ  
  1. allophone of /n/
VowelsFrontNear-
front
Near-
back
Back
Close i:     u:
Near-close   ɪ ʊ  
Close-mid e:     o:
Open-mid ɛ ɛ:     ɔ ɔ:
Open a a:      
Polyphthongs ɑɪ ɔɪ
Orthography
Below is the orthography for Judeo-English. This includes all graphemes as defined in the language's phonology settings - excluding the non-distinct graphemes/polygraphs.
 Judeo-EnglishOrthography [edit]
א
א
alf
//
או
או
/ʊ/
או
אוֹ
/o:/
אוו
אוו
/u:/
אוי
אױ
/ɔɪ/
אי
אי
/ɪ/
איי
איי
/i:/
איי
אײ
/eɪ/
איי
אײַ
/ɑɪ/
א
/a/
א׳
אַ׳
/a:/
א
/ɔ/
א׳
אָ׳
/ɔ:/
ב
ב
beyth
/b/
ב
/v/
ג
ג
giml
/g/
ד
ד
dalth
/d/
דזש
דזש
/d͡ʒ/
דת
דת
/ð/
ה
ה
hey
/h/, [ç]
הוו
הװ
/ʍ/
ו
ו
vov
/ʊ/
ו
/o:/
וו
װ
/w/
וו
וּו
/u:/
וי
ױ
/ɔɪ/
ז
ז
zayin
/z/
זש
זש
/ʒ/1
ח
ח
kheyth
/x/, [ç]
ט
ט
teth
/t/
טש
טש
/t͡ʃ/
י
י
yud
/j/
י
/ɪ/
יי
ײ
/eɪ/
יי
יִי
/i:/
יי
/ɑɪ/
כ
כ
khaf
/x/, [ç]
כ
/k/
ך
ך
lang khaf
/x/
ל
ל
lamd
/l/, [lˠ]
מ
מ
mem
/m/
ם
ם
shlos mem
/m/
נ
נ
nun
/n/, [ŋ]
ן
ן
lang nun
/n/
ס
ס
samkh
/s/
ע
ע
ayin
/ɛ/
ע׳
ע׳
/ɛ:/
עי
עיִ
/e:/
פ
fey
/f/
פ
/p/
ף
ף
lang fey
/f/
צ
צ
tzadik
/t͡s/2
ץ
ץ
lang tzadik
/t͡s/3
ק
ק
kuf
/k/
ר
ר
reysh
/ʀ/, [ʁ]
ש
ש
shin
/ʃ/
ת
ת
thof
/θ/
ת
/t/
✔ Shown in correct order [change]
  1. loan words only
  2. loan words only
  3. loan words only
Typological information for Judeo-English

Number of nominal casesThree cases
Number of pronominal casesFour cases
Marked tense (verb)Past, Non-Past
Primary writing systemHebrew

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