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Muaji [MJI]
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Typology Progressing 1,352 words Muaji
Muaji
[ˈmuaʝi]
Registered by Bartłomiej Kun on 25 May 2018
Language type A priori
Species Human/humanoid
About Muaji A moderately naturalistic fusional-agglutinative ergative-absolutive language. Features:
- 12 cases
- 10 moods
- singular, dual and plural number
- no genders
- creaky nasals
- lots of diphthongs with highly variable pronunciation
- rapidly expanding vocabulary rich in nouns and verbs
Sample of Muaji[view] Keene tisôbuiwôôhaazeta sewoku utseônoo.

My hovercraft is full of eels.
[view all texts]
Latest vocabulary
sewouvbe full
sewouvbe full of
seweadjfull
Language family relationships
Language treeWelo-Muajic
 ⤷ Proto-Welo-Muajic
  ⤷  Muaji
 
[view] Ishoo (Icxou)Strongly Welati-influenced. Significantly differs in pronunciation from the standard variety while being very similar in vocabulary and grammar. Chief features include:
-Palatal fricatives and affricates [ç ʝ c͡ç ɟʝ] are post-alveolar [ʃ ʒ t͡ʃ d͡ʒ] instead.
-Glottal stop [ʔ] is allowed in syllable coda.
-[ɔ ɔː ɛ ɛː] are heightened to [o oː e eː].
-Standard [ui] corresponds to Icxou [y] and [yː].
-[ou] is merged with [oː].
-[ɾ] is merged with [r].
-[w], [ei] and [ə̃] are distinct phonemes.
Phonology
ConsonantsBilabialLabio-
dental
AlveolarPalatalVelarGlottalOther
Nasal m m̰   n n̰ ɲ ɲ̰ ŋ ŋ̰    
Plosive p b   t d c ɟ k g ʔ1  
Fricative   f v s z ç ʝ   h  
Affricate     t͡s c͡ç ɟʝ2      
Lateral approximant     l ʎ      
Approximant     [ɹ]3 [j]4     ɥ
Trill     r [r̝]5        
Flap     ɾ        
  1. Usually skipped word-initially.
  2. In free variation with [ᶡj] in most dialects.
  3. In between back vowels, allophone of /ɾ/
  4. When adjacent to [i], [iː] or [-i̯], for some speakers also [ɛ] or [ɛː], allophone of /ɥ/
  5. In between front vowels, allophone of /r/
VowelsFrontBack
Close i i: u u:
Open-mid ɛ ɛ: ʌ ʌ: ɔ ɔ:
Open a a:  
Polyphthongs ai au1 2 ua ui3 4 ou5 ɔi6 ɔə7
ia iu 8
  1. Realised as [au ~ æʊ].
  2. Realised as [aə ~ aɜ ~ aɐ].
  3. Realised as [ui ~ ʉi ~ ʊ̈ɪ ~ ʏˑ], though the basic form is usually the most prevalent.
  4. Realised as [uə ~ uɪ̈ ~ uʊ̈].
  5. Realised as [ou ~ oʊ ~ ɤʊ ~ ʊˑ]. Some speakers merge it with /uː/.
  6. Realised as [ɔi ~ ɔɪ ~ ɔe ~ oe].
  7. Realised as [ɔə ~ ɔɞ ~ ɞˑ].
  8. Realised as [eə ~ eʌ ~ ɪʌ], though the basic form is usually the most prevalent.
Orthography
Below is the orthography for Muaji. This includes all graphemes as defined in the language's phonology settings - excluding the non-distinct graphemes/polygraphs.
 MuajiOrthography
'
'elai
/ʔ/1
Aa
/a/
AA aa
/a:/
AE ae
/aə/2
AI ai
/ai/
AU au
/au/3
Bb
bai
/b/
Cc
cai
/c/
CJ cj
cai-jai
/ɟʝ/4
CX cx
cai-xai
/c͡ç/
Dd
dai
/d/
Ee
/ɛ/
EÔ eô
/eə/5
EE ee
/ɛ:/
Ff
feô
/f/
Gg
gai
/g/
Hh
hai
/h/
Ii
/i/
IA ia
/ia/
IE ie
/iə/
II ii
/i:/
IO io
/iɔ/
IU iu
/iu/
Jj
jai
/ʝ/
Kk
kai
/k/
Ll
lôô
/l/
Mm
moo
/m/
M' m'
moo veeha
/m̰/
Nn
nai
/n/
N' n'
nai veeha
/n̰/
NG ng
nguu
/ŋ/
NG' ng'
nguu veeha
/ŋ̰/
NY ny
nyai
/ɲ/
NY' ny'
nyai veeha
/ɲ̰/
Oo
/ɔ/
OE oe
/ɔə/6
OI oi
/ɔi/7
OO oo
/ɔ:/
OU ou
/ou/8
Ôô
/ʌ/
ÔÔ ôô
/ʌ:/
Pp
pai
/p/
Qq
qai
/ɟ/
Rr
rai
/ɾ/, [ɹ]9
RR rr
rreô
/r/, [r̝]10
Ss
sai
/s/
Tt
tai
/t/
TS ts
tsai
/t͡s/
Uu
/u/
UA ua
/ua/
UE ue
/uə/11
UI ui
/ui/12
UO uo
/uɔ/
UU uu
/u:/
Vv
vai
/v/
Ww
wai
/ɥ/, [j]13
Xx
xai
/ç/
Yy
yai
/ʎ/
Zz
zai
/z/
✔ Shown in correct order
  1. Usually skipped word-initially.
  2. Realised as [aə ~ aɜ ~ aɐ].
  3. Realised as [au ~ æʊ].
  4. In free variation with [ᶡj] in most dialects.
  5. Realised as [eə ~ eʌ ~ ɪʌ], though the basic form is usually the most prevalent.
  6. Realised as [ɔə ~ ɔɞ ~ ɞˑ].
  7. Realised as [ɔi ~ ɔɪ ~ ɔe ~ oe].
  8. Realised as [ou ~ oʊ ~ ɤʊ ~ ʊˑ]. Some speakers merge it with /uː/.
  9. In between back vowels.
  10. In between front vowels
  11. Realised as [uə ~ uɪ̈ ~ uʊ̈].
  12. Realised as [ui ~ ʉi ~ ʊ̈ɪ ~ ʏˑ], though the basic form is usually the most prevalent.
  13. When adjacent to [i], [iː] or [-i̯], for some speakers also [ɛ] or [ɛː]
Typological information for Muaji

Definite articleAffix used
Demonstrative proximityDistal/Medial/Proximal
Glottalised consonantsGlottalised resonants only
Noun numbersSingular/Dual/Plural
Number of nominal casesEight cases or more

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