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New Old Polish [NWP]
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New Old Polish
Novostaropolskí
[n̪ɔvɔs̪t̪ärɔpɔlʲs̪kʲi:]*
Registered by [Deactivated User] on 14 June 2021
Language type A posteriori
Species Human/humanoid
About New Old Polish NOTE: I'm back after a break and the lang is undergoing intense reform. A revolution even. I've learned a lot since and I won't feel comfortable expanding it until I update it. Most of the entries require corrections.

It's a loose adaptation of late XIII-early XVI-century Old Polish made to be usable in modern times and able to convey concepts unknown in its' time. It's extremely puristic and made to contain as little post-Proto-West-Slavic loanwords as possible, sometimes to the point of rejecting loanwords which were already established in Old Polish if there is a possibility of replacing it with a more Slavic equivalent. It also contains selectively resurrected forms and declensions which were already dying out or extinct at the time because I want it to be more consistent and ancient-like.

Some of the resurrected features of Old Polish include but are not limited to:
- lack of final devoicing. (New trait. Not yet implemented)
- phonemic distinction between long (á /ɑ:/, é /e:/, í /i:/, ó /o:/, u /u:/, ý /ɨ:/, ą /ɔ̃:/) and short vowels (a /ä/, e /ɛ/, o /ɔ/, u /u/, y /ɨ/, ę /æ̃/).
- half-long nasalised allophones of a /ä/, e /ɛ/ and o /ɔ/. (New trait. Not yet implemented)
- execution of "rz" as a voiced alveolar fricative trill /r̝/ contrasting with a plain alveolar trill "r" /r/, instead of the modern Polish /ʐ/.
- execution of "soft" sibilants (ś, ć, ź, dź) as palatalised alveolar (/sʲ/, /t͡sʲ/, /zʲ/, /d͡zʲ/) instead of modern Polish alveolo-palatal (/ɕ/, /t͡ɕ/, /ʑ/, /d͡ʑ/).
- execution of "l" as a palatalised alveolar lateral /lʲ/ instead of the modern Polish /l/ and "ł" as a velarised dental lateral /ɫ̪/ instead of the modern Polish /w/.
- consistent Lechitic ablaut ("jezioro - jezierze" instead of modern Polish "jezioro - jeziorze").
- reintroduction of the dual number.
- reintroduction of the aorist.
Sample of New Old Polish[view] Jedno uśmiehájmy się a mahájmy, hłopce, uśmiehájmy się a mahájmy

Just smile and wave, boys, smile and wave!
[view all texts]
Latest vocabulary
przesiecvcut through
rozjednaćvsettle
przejednaćvconciliate
Phonology
ConsonantsBilabialLabio-
dental
AlveolarPost-
Alveolar
PalatalVelarOther
Nasal m   n̪ nʲ        
Plosive p b   t̪ [tʲ]1 d̪ [dʲ]2     k g  
Fricative   (f)3 v s̪ sʲ z̪ zʲ ʃʲ ʒʲ   x  
Affricate     t͡s̪ t͡sʲ d͡z̪ d͡zʲ t͡ʃʲ d͡ʒʲ      
Lateral approximant     [l̥ʲ]4       [ɫ̥]5 ɫ
Approximant         j    
Trill     [r̥]6 r r̝ʲ [r̝̥ʲ]7        
  1. Preceding some palatalised consonants, allophone of /t̪/
  2. Preceding some palatalised consonants, allophone of /d̪/
  3. When adjacent to only voiceless consonants, allophone of /v/
  4. When adjacent to only voiceless consonants, allophone of /lʲ/
  5. When adjacent to only voiceless consonants, allophone of /ɫ/
  6. When adjacent to only voiceless consonants, allophone of /r/
  7. Frequent, devoiced, allophone of /r̝ʲ/
VowelsFrontCentralBack
Close ʲi ʲi: ɨ ɨ: [ɨ̯]1 u u:
Close-mid e: [ẽ]2   o: [õ]3
Open-mid ɛ   ɔ
Near-open æ̃    
Open   ä ɑ: [ɑ̃]4 ɒ̃:
  1. Following non-palatalised dental and alveolar consonants, allophone of /j/
  2. Followed by alveolar or dental nasals, allophone of /ɛ/
  3. Followed by alveolar or dental nasals, allophone of /ɔ/
  4. Followed by alveolar or dental nasals, allophone of /ä/
Orthography
Below is the orthography for New Old Polish. This includes all graphemes as defined in the language's phonology settings - excluding the non-distinct graphemes/polygraphs.
 New Old PolishOrthography
'/ʲ/Áá/ɑ:/Aa/ä/Ąą/ɒ̃:/Bb/b/Ćć/t͡sʲ/Cc/t͡s̪/CZ cz/t͡ʃʲ/Dd/d̪/DZ dz/d͡z̪/DŹ dź/d͡zʲ/
DŻ dż/d͡ʒʲ/Éé/e:/Ee/ɛ/Ęę/æ̃/Ff[f]1Gg/g/Hh/x/Íí/ʲi:/Ii/ʲi/Jj/j/Kk/k/
Ll/lʲ/Mm/m/Nn/n̪/Ńń/nʲ/Oo/ɔ/Óó/o:/Pp/p/Rr/r/RZ rz/r̝ʲ/Śś/sʲ/Ss/s̪/
SZ sz/ʃʲ/Tt/t̪/Uu/u/Úú/u:/Vv/v/Yy/ɨ/Ýý/ɨ:/Zz/z̪/Źź/zʲ/Żż/ʒʲ/Łł/ɫ/
✖ Unknown alphabetical order
  1. When adjacent to only voiceless consonants, loan words only
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