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Khunul [ODZE]
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Typology Progressing 570 words
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Khunul
Ḿx̣łuŋul
[m̥χɬu̥ŋuɮ]
Registered by [Deactivated User] on 21 April 2022
Language type A priori
Species Human/humanoid
About Khunul PHONOLOGY CHANGE, DICTIONARY UNDER MAINTENANCE

Khunul, also known as Old Dze, was spoken by [lore revision, please wait].

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Prominent features:

- The lack of pronouns as independent words, functioning instead as prefixes in a system of polypersonal agreement.
- Polysynthetic grammar (¡33 cases, 5 tenses, 7 aspects and 12 moods!).
- Ergativity in nouns.
- B4 Evidentiality.
- Animacy.
- Transitivity in verbs.
- A whole metric tonne of derivational suffixes.
- Neat little alphabet I have not worked on beyond what kind it is.

Please ignore the grammar tables until April 2024, I'll have them fixed by then.

This is the 9th iteration of this language since 2020.
Sample of Khunul[view] Nudzeŋulŋu

I speak English
[view all texts]
Latest vocabulary
ŋijaqvkiss
kʿilukʿnspring
seł̣vgrab
Language family relationships
Language treeDzenic
 ⤷  Proto-Dzenic
  ⤷  Proto-Dze-Nywan
   ⤷  Khunul
[view] About DzenicWIP.
[edit] [view] Dzeŋul (Nationstates Vocabulary)It's for storing vocabulary that is used exclusively on the version of Old Dze I use in the THTHI region of Nationstates.
Phonology
ConsonantsBilabialAlveolarPalatalLabio-
velar
VelarUvularGlottalOther
Nasal m n     ŋ̊ ŋ      
Plosive p pʼ pʰ t tʼ tʰ     k kʼ kʰ q qʼ qʰ ʔ  
Fricative   s sʼ sʰ ç çʼ çʰ   x xʼ xʰ χ χʼ χʰ h  
Affricate   t͡s t͡sʼ t͡sʰ d͡z           t͡ɬ t͡ɬʼ t͡ɬʰ d͡ɮ
Lateral fricative   ɬ ɬʼ ɬʰ ɮ            
Approximant     j w        
VowelsFrontCentralBack
Close i i: ɨ ɨ: u u: [u̥]1
Close-mid e e:    
Open-mid     ɔ ɔ:
Open a a:    
  1. Preceding affixes, allophone of /u/
Syllable StructureCCCVCC, CCVCC, CCVC, CVCVC, CVC, CV, VCC.
Stress informationFirst Syllable.
OtherGeminate consonants exist allophonically when the phoneme at the end of a word and the start of the suffix match.
Orthography
Below is the orthography for Khunul. This includes all graphemes as defined in the language's phonology settings - excluding the non-distinct graphemes/polygraphs.
 KhunulOrthography [edit]
ˮ/ʔ/Aa/a/AA aa/a:/Çç/ç/Ç̇ ç̇/çʰ/Çʻ çʻ/çʼ/DZ dz/d͡z/Ee/e/EE ee/e:/Hh/h/
Ii/i/II ii/i:/Jj/j/Kk/k/Ḳḳ/kʰ/Kʻ kʻ/kʼ/Ll/ɮ/Łł/ɬ/Ł̣ ł̣/ɬʰ/Łʻ łʻ/ɬʼ/
Mm/m/Ḿḿ/m̥/Nn/n/Ńń/n̥/Ŋŋ/ŋ/Ŋ́ ŋ́/ŋ̊/Oo/ɔ/OO oo/ɔ:/Pp/p/Ṗṗ/pʰ/
Pʻ pʻ/pʼ/Qq/q/Q̇ q̇/qʰ/Qʻ qʻ/qʼ/Ss/s/Ṡṡ/sʰ/Sʻ sʻ/sʼ/Tt/t/Ṭṭ/tʰ/Tʻ tʻ/tʼ/
TL tl/d͡ɮ/TŁ tł/t͡ɬ/TŁ̣ tł̣/t͡ɬʰ/TŁʻ tłʻ/t͡ɬʼ/TS ts/t͡s/TṠ tṡ/t͡sʰ/TSʻ tsʻ/t͡sʼ/Uu/u/UU uu/u:/Ww/w/
Xx/x/Ẋẋ/xʰ/Xʻ xʻ/xʼ/X̣ x̣/χ/X̱ x̱/χʰ/X̣ʻ x̣ʻ/χʼ/Yy/ɨ/YY yy/ɨ:/
✔ Shown in correct order [change]
    Latest 8 related articles listed below.
    Evolution of Old Dze 20-Jul-23 00:57
    Typological information for Khunul

    Demonstrative proximityDistal/Medial/Proximal
    Noun numbersSingular/Dual/Plural
    Morphological typologyPolysynthetic
    Morphosyntactic alignmentErgative/Absolutive
    Primary word orderSOV

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