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Proto-Baredan [PBR]
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Typology Progressing 261 words
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Proto-Baredan
Registered by Normandy on 21 August 2017
+ shared with: MultiNET, Astavie, KpTroopaFR
Language type A priori
Species Human/humanoid
About Proto-Baredan Proto-Baredan is the ancestor of the modern Baredan languages, including Istani, the Norjihani dialect continuum and Sjuun. Some fun features that Proto-Baredan had include:

  • Nominative-Accusative alignment
  • Secundative stuff because the dative is just boring
  • Singular/Paucal/Plural
  • SOV word order
  • Adjective weirdness



  • Grammar currently under some slight reconstruction, current half-done probably wrong grammar stuff can be found here
    Pronouns etc. can be found here: Pronouns and stuff and things

    zurgleflurg
    Sample of Proto-Baredan[view] Kōgka kesamoyʷ saqekʷ mʷuhu ńtzekur, ca utū utram fus a ca satʲumʲ turokʲ suzekur, utu tons ńt

    The old man that I saw when I was walking home is there
    [view all texts]
    Latest vocabulary
    kʷetaynvclear
    pʷutcbut
    mepzantoy
    Language family relationships
    Language treeBaredan
     ⤷  Proto-Baredan
    [view] About BaredanThe languages of the Baredan family all derive from Proto-Baredan, spoken around the eastern area of Istan (the Baredan homeland). The modern languages, split into the Western, Eastern and Southern branches, are spoken in Norjihan, Sjuu, Istan, Isugz...
    Phonology
    ConsonantsBilabialAlveolarVelarUvularGlottal
    Nasal m mʷ mʲ m̩ n nʷ nʲ n̩ ŋ ŋʷ ŋʲ ŋ̩    
    Plosive p pʷ pʲ t tʷ tʲ k kʷ kʲ q qʷ  
    Fricative ɸ ɸʷ ɸʲ s sʷ sʲ x xʷ xʲ χ χʷ h hʷ
    Lateral approximant   l lʷ lʲ      
    Approximant     ɰ ɰʷ ɰʲ    
    Trill   r rʷ   ʀ ʀʷ  
    VowelsFrontCentralBack
    Close [i]1 i̯2 ɨ ɨ: [u]3 u̯4
    Close-mid [e]5 ɘ ɘ: [o]6
    Mid   ə̯7  
    Open-mid [ɛ]8 ɜ ɜ: [ɔ]9
    Near-open   ɐ ɐ:  
    Open [a]10   [ɒ]11
    1. After palatalised consonants, allophone of /ɨ/
    2. See 'Other' section in notes
    3. After labialised consonants, allophone of /ɨ/
    4. See 'Other' section in notes
    5. After palatalised consonants, allophone of /ɘ/
    6. After labialised consonants, allophone of /ɘ/
    7. See 'Other' section in notes
    8. After palatalised consonants, allophone of /ɜ/
    9. After labialised consonants, allophone of /ɜ/
    10. After palatalised consonants, allophone of /ɐ/
    11. After labialised consonants, allophone of /ɐ/
    Orthography
    Below is the orthography for Proto-Baredan. This includes all graphemes as defined in the language's phonology settings - excluding the non-distinct graphemes/polygraphs.
     Proto-BaredanOrthography
    Aa/ɐ/Ḿḿ/m̩/Cc/χ/Cʷ cʷ/χʷ/Ǵǵ/ŋ̩/Ee/ɜ/Ff/ɸ/Fʲ fʲ/ɸʲ/Fʷ fʷ/ɸʷ/Gg/ŋ/Gʲ gʲ/ŋʲ/
    Gʷ gʷ/ŋʷ/Hh/h/Hʷ hʷ/hʷ/Kk/k/Kʲ kʲ/kʲ/Kʷ kʷ/kʷ/Ll/l/Lʲ lʲ/lʲ/Lʷ lʷ/lʷ/Mm/m/Mʲ mʲ/mʲ/
    Mʷ mʷ/mʷ/Nn/n/Nʲ nʲ/nʲ/Nʷ nʷ/nʷ/Oo/ɘ/Pp/p/Pʲ pʲ/pʲ/Pʷ pʷ/pʷ/Qq/q/Qʷ qʷ/qʷ/Rr/ʀ/
    Rʷ rʷ/ʀʷ/Ss/s/Sʲ sʲ/sʲ/Sʷ sʷ/sʷ/Tt/t/Tʲ tʲ/tʲ/Tʷ tʷ/tʷ/Uu/ɨ/Xx/x/Xʲ xʲ/xʲ/Xʷ xʷ/xʷ/
    Yy/ɰ/Yʲ yʲ/ɰʲ/Yʷ yʷ/ɰʷ/Zz/r/Zʷ zʷ/rʷ/Ńń/n̩/Ōō/ɘ:/Ūū/ɨ:/Āā/ɐ:/Ēē/ɜ:/
    ✖ Unknown alphabetical order
      Latest 8 related articles listed below.
      Derivational Morphology
      Morphological Derivation in Proto-Baredan
      26-Jun-19 19:24
      Typological information for Proto-Baredan

      Primary word orderSOV
      Pronoun numbersSingular/Paucal/Plural
      Pronoun persons1st/2nd/3rd persons

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