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Proto-Nkuma [PKN]
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Typology New 86 words
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Proto-Nkuma
lonqom gqhãnaa nkwonkumi
[ɮoᶰqom ɢʱãna: ᵑkʷoᵑkumi]*
Registered by Thaegjox on 15 March 2019
Language type Proto-Conlang
Species Human/humanoid
Sample of Proto-Nkuma[view] Hmontsi ñəbhila.

The water flows.
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Latest vocabulary
gbũlevunite
mokovthrow
malaadjbig
Language family relationships
Language treeNkuma
 ⤷  Proto-Nkuma
 
Phonology
ConsonantsBilabialDentalAlveolarPalatalLabio-
velar
VelarUvularGlottal
Nasal m   n ɲ   ŋ    
Plosive p pʱ pʷ pᶣ ᵐp b bʱ bʷ bᶣ ᵐb   t tʱ tʷ tᶣ ⁿt d dʱ dʷ dᶣ ⁿd c cʱ cʷ ɟ ɟʱ ɟʷ   k kʱ kʷ kᶣ ᵑk g gʱ gʷ gᶣ q qʱ qʷ qᶣ ᶰq ɢ ɢʱ ɢʷ ɢᶣ ᶰɢ ʔ
Fricative     s     x ɣ    
Lateral fricative     ɮ          
Approximant       j w      
Flap     ɾ          
Click   ǀ ǀʱ ǀʷ ǃ ǃʱ ǃʷ ǃᶣ          
Blends gb kp ŋm
VowelsFrontNear-
front
CentralBack
Close i ĩ     u ũ
Near-close   ɪ    
Close-mid       o
Mid     ə  
Open-mid œ      
Open a ã     ɑ
Orthography
Below is the orthography for Proto-Nkuma. This includes all graphemes as defined in the language's phonology settings - excluding the non-distinct graphemes/polygraphs.
 Proto-NkumaOrthography
!/ǃ/!H !h/ǃʱ/!W !w/ǃʷ/!Y !y/ǃᶣ/Aa/a/Ãã/ã/Ää/ɑ/Ññ/ɲ/Öö/œ/Bb/b/
BH bh/bʱ/BW bw/bʷ/BY by/bᶣ/Cc/c/CH ch/cʱ/CW cw/cʷ/Dd/d/DH dh/dʱ/DW dw/dʷ/DY dy/dᶣ/
Ee/ɪ/Ɂɂ/ʔ/Əə/ə/Gg/g/GB gb/gb/GH gh/gʱ/GQ gq/ɢ/GQH gqh/ɢʱ/GQW gqw/ɢʷ/GQY gqy/ɢᶣ/
GW gw/gʷ/GY gy/gᶣ/Hh/x/Ii/i/Jj/ɟ/JH jh/ɟʱ/JW jw/ɟʷ/Kk/k/KH kh/kʱ/KP kp/kp/
KW kw/kʷ/KY ky/kᶣ/Ll/ɮ/Mm/m/MB mb/ᵐb/MP mp/ᵐp/Nn/n/ND nd/ⁿd/NG ng/ŋ/NGM ngm/ŋm/
NGQ ngq/ᶰɢ/NK nk/ᵑk/NQ nq/ᶰq/Oo/o/Pp/p/PH ph/pʱ/PW pw/pʷ/PY py/pᶣ/Qq/q/QH qh/qʱ/
QW qw/qʷ/QY qy/qᶣ/Rr/ɾ/Ss/s/Tt/t/, /ⁿt/TH th/tʱ/TW tw/tʷ/TY ty/tᶣ/Uu/u/Ww/w/
Xx/ǀ/XH xh/ǀʱ/XW xw/ǀʷ/Yy/j/Ũũ/ũ/Ğğ/ɣ/Ĩĩ/ĩ/
✖ Unknown alphabetical order
    Typological information for Proto-Nkuma

    Noun numbersSingular/Paucal/Plural
    NasalsPrenasalised consonants and nasal vowels
    Negation markingModal/Particle/Auxiliary

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