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Yana [YANA]
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Typology Progressing 287 words
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Yana
yana'
[jʌnʌ˥]
Registered by [Deactivated User] on 7 December 2020
Language type Other
Species Human/humanoid
About Yana Unlike my other conlangs (which are less complete as compared to this one) which I am trying to make naturalistic, this one is free of such limitations. I intended to create this language for my own amusement and, therefore, will have many grammatical nuances and I am going to do so many things that many conlangers on YouTube tell you not to. Compared to my other conlangs, this one has a huge amount of phonemes, cases, tenses, aspects, moods, and whatnot (not sure about the genders anymore).

(Under grammatical reconstruction)
Sample of Yana[view] ṣȧnanad rumatozȧt. nȧsanat samatozȧt. tɑ̈t sasvɑthı̇tanad'd yɑ̈d mɑfatozȧt.

Life is pleasant. Death is peaceful. It's the transition that's troublesome.
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Latest vocabulary
gǝnȯntime
gǝ̇nvcount
tosǝı́nliberation
Language family relationships
Language treeYana
 ⤷  Yana
[view] About YanaJust a family tree for my personal language.
Phonology
ConsonantsBilabialLabio-
dental
DentalAlveolarRetroflexAlveolo-
palatal
PalatalLabio-
velar
VelarGlottal
Nasal m   [n̪]1 n ɳ   [ɲ]2   [ŋ]3  
Plosive p pʰ b bʱ   t̪ t̪ʰ d̪ d̪ʱ   ʈ ʈʰ ɖ ɖʱ   c cʰ ɟ ɟʱ   k kʰ g gʱ  
Fricative   f   s [s̪]4 z [z̪]5 ʂ ʐ ɕ ʑ     x h
Affricate       t͡s t͡sʰ d͡z d͡zʱ ʈ͡ʂ ʈ͡ʂʰ ɖ͡ʐ ɖ͡ʐʱ t͡ɕ t͡ɕʰ d͡ʑ d͡ʑʱ        
Lateral approximant       l [l̪]6 ɭ   ʎ      
Approximant   ʋ     ɻ   j w    
Trill       r            
Flap       [ɾ]7            
  1. allophone of /m/ or /n/ before dentals
  2. allophone of /m/ or /n/ before palatals
  3. allophone of /m/ before velars
  4. allophone of /s/ before dentals
  5. allophone of /z/ before dentals
  6. allophone of /l/ before dentals
  7. allophone of /r/ between vowels
VowelsFrontCentralBack
Close i i: î: í: ǐ: í   u u: û: ú: ǔ: ú
Close-mid e e: ê: é: ě: é   o o: ô: ó: ǒ: ó
Mid   ə ə: ə̂: ə́: ə̌: ə́  
Open   ä ä: ä̂: ä́: ä̌: ä́  
Polyphthongs əu əû əú əǔ əi əî əí əǐ
Orthography
Below is the orthography for Yana. This includes all graphemes as defined in the language's phonology settings - excluding the non-distinct graphemes/polygraphs.
 YanaOrthography
'//a/ä//ä̂://ä̌://ä://ä́//ä́:/b/b/bh/bʱ/c/t͡s/
ć/t͡ɕ/ćh/t͡ɕʰ/ch/t͡sʰ//ʈ͡ʂ/c̣h/ʈ͡ʂʰ/d/d̪//ɖ/dh/d̪ʱ/ḍh/ɖʱ//ɟ/
d́h/ɟʱ/e/e//ê://ě://e://é//é:/f/f/g/g/gh/gʱ/
h/h/ı/i/ı̀/î:/ı́/ǐ:/ı̄/i:/ı̇/í/ı̈/í:/j/d͡z/jh/d͡zʱ//ɖ͡ʐ/
j̣h/ɖ͡ʐʱ/k/k/kh/kʰ/ĺ/ʎ/l/l//ɭ/[l̪]1m/m//ɳ/n/n/
[ŋ]2ñ[ɲ]3[n̪]4o/o//ô://ǒ://o://ó//ó:/p/p/
ph/pʰ//ɻ/r/r/s/s/ś/ɕ//ʂ/[s̪]5/ʈ/t/t̪/ṭh/ʈʰ/
th/t̪ʰ//c/t́h/cʰ/u/u//û://ǔ://u://ú//ú:/v/ʋ/
w/w/x/x/y/j/z/z//ʐ/ź/ʑ/[z̪]6~/̃/ǝ/ə/ǝı/əi/
ǝı̀/əî/ǝı́/əǐ/ǝı̈/əí/ǝu/əu/ǝù/əû/ǝú/əǔ/ǝü/əú/ǝ̀/ə̂:/ǝ́/ə̌:/ǝ̄/ə:/
ǝ̇/ə́/ǝ̈/ə́:/ȷ́/d͡ʑ/ȷ́h/d͡ʑʱ/ɾ[ɾ]7
✖ Unknown alphabetical order
  1. allophone of /l/ before dentals
  2. allophone of /m/ before velars
  3. allophone of /m/ or /n/ before palatals
  4. allophone of /m/ or /n/ before dentals
  5. allophone of /s/ before dentals
  6. allophone of /z/ before dentals
  7. allophone of /r/ between vowels
Typological information for Yana

Demonstrative proximityDistal/Medial/Proximal
Morphosyntactic alignmentTripartite
Number of nominal casesEight cases or more
Syllable structureComplex
Past tense remoteness2-3 degrees of remoteness

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