Tomerian Adjectives 1
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This article explains how simple adjectives and adverbs are incorporated into their nouns and verbs.
This public article was written by TheCrazyYankee, and last updated on 8 Jan 2016, 06:52.
1. Final Vowels
2. FormalitySentence Components
In Tomerian, adjectives are attached to the noun (and adverbs are attached to the verb) in the form of prefixes. A noun or verb, coupled with or without its determiners, adjectives/adverbs, case markers, is called a kimda, or "component". For instance, take this sentence:
That old man walks slowly on dead grass.
In Tomerian, it would likely be translated as:
Togeënczär dúymogar njörchodtë.
By a Tomerian's eye, this sentence consists of three kimda:
(that old man [NOM])+(slowly walks)+(dead-grass [SUP])
Tomerian is an agglutinative language, however, mixing multiple components into one word is quite uncommon, but can be correctly achieved.
The "-o-" Interfix
If you look back at the sentence above in Tomerian, you will notice and "o" in dúymogar. That is the interfix to smoothly conjoin dúym (slow) and gar (walking). This is not a special interfix reserved for adverbs. This interfix can be used with most adjectives and adverbs. The reason it isn't used in the other components of the sentence is because the word can be easily pronounced with out it (keep in mind the "y" in Tomerian represents /ɣ/). It is equally correct to render togeënczär as togeënoczär It is also not incorrect to drop the -o- in instances like
dúymogar; people in norther Tomeria are famous for the virtual abandonment of the -o- interfix.
When it is not correct to use the interfix is when the adjectival morpheme already ends in a vowel. Most of descriptive morpheme ends with a consonant. Consider the commonly used adjective káta-, which means bad or ill.
Kátanéskat Vorin cak väkaksatör.
"Vorin received a bad grade for his essay."
Kátanéska should never be rendered kátaonéska.
Also, it is incorrect for interfix to be used when the adjective ends with a consonant but the root-word begins with a vowel.
The "-h-" Interfix
The -h- interfix is not nearly as common, but is the inverse of the -o- interfix. It is optionally (but almost always) used by speakers when an adjectival morpheme end with a vowel, and the root of the component begins with the vowel.
"He's hubristic (ill-prided)."
Many non-diphthongal vowel clusters seem unnatural to Tomerians, who are much more comfortable with consonant clusters. It will rarely be dropped.