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Sarian numerals
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Including the correct use of cardinal and ordinal numerals
This public article was written by [Deactivated User], and last updated on 14 Jun 2023, 17:22.

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1. Cases
 Sarian has a legacy duodecimal system. Beyond 24, Sarian uses the standard decimal system, however it must be noted that numerals up to and including 24 follow a duodecimal style as seen in Proto-Sarian. The use of cardinal (one) and ordinal (first) numerals also follows particular rules.

When counting countable nouns, the cardinal numeral is used, for example, vamem ehat, vimem sxá ('one tree', 'two trees'). When counting the order in which something comes, the ordinal numeral is used, as may be expected, e.g. vamem ehtúer ('first tree', note the adjectival ending -er here). However, if simply counting numbers, and no noun is relevant to the context, for example 'one, two, three, four', Sarian uses the ordinal system: ehtú, sxadú, kistú, sxodú.

Numerals up to 24


#EnglishCardinalOrdinal #EnglishCardinalOrdinal
1oneehatehtú 13thirteenvahtatvahtatú
2twosxásxadú 14fourteenvahtaxvahtaxtú
3threekeiskistú 15fifteenvahtisvahtistú
4foursxósxodú 16sixteenvahtosvahtostú
5fivemesmestú 17seventeenvahtemsvahtemsú
6sixkesmkesmú 18eighteenvahtesximvahtesximú
7sevenkestkestú 19nineteenvahtesximatvahtesximatú
8eightxasxaxasxú 20twentyvahtasxa
or
sirsxá
vahtasxú
or
sirsxadú
9ninenesnestú 21twenty onevahtensvahtensú
10tensirsirú 22twenty twovahtesirvahtesirú
11elevensirtosirtú 23twenty threevahtesirtovahtesirtú
12twelvevahatvahtú 24twenty fourvihtaxvihtaxtú


As demonstrated above, numbers up to 24 reflect the legacy duodecimal system in Sarian. Modern Sarian uses the decimal system, which is the base for numbers 25 and above. Note the variants for 20 vahtasxa (12 + 8), and sirsxá (10 x 2). Both variants are acceptable in speech. Numbers above 25 reflect the decimal system, including the use of 10s, 100s, and 1000s, with the exception of vihto (144) which maintains the duodecimal word. Unlike for 20, there is no decimal variant used in speech for this number.

Numerals 25 and above


#EnglishCardinalOrdinal
25twenty fivesirsxámessirsxámestú
26twenty sixsirsxákesmsirsxákesmú
27twenty sevensirsxákestsirsxákestú
28twenty fivesirsxáxasxasirsxáxasxú
29twenty ninesirsxánessirsxánestú
30thirtysirkissirkistú
40fortysirsxósirsxodú
50fiftysirmessirmestú
60sixtysirkesmsirkesmú
70seventysirkestsirkestú
80eightysirxasxasirxasxú
90niinetysirnessirnestú
100hundredsirosirodú
144one hundred
(and) forty four
vihtovihtú
1,000thousandsiramosiramú
1,000,000millionjasiramojasiramú


Vahtúe zadan rystaze!
/vaħ'tu:e zadan ri'sta:ze/
twelve.ORD-POSTP until count.IND-IMP.2
Count to twelve!

Riś keis kistannais.
/riʃ keis ki'stan:a.is/
dog.PL three.CARD see.IND-CONT-1S.S-3P.O
I see three dogs.

Seki kama sxadúer kekeranne.
/seki kama sxa'du:eɾ keka'ran:e/
1SG.COM house two.ORD-ADJ NEG-be.IND-CONT-3S.S
I don't have a second house.
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