cws
Greetings Guest
home > library > journal > view_article
« Back to Articles » Journal
Mahavic sound changes
3▲ 3 ▼ 0
PEM to Proto- and Old Mahavic
This public article was written by ava, and last updated on 23 Jun 2020, 12:08.

[comments] [history] Menu 1. PEMN → PMH 2. MHV → EMH
?FYI...
This article is a work in progress! Check back later in case any changes have occurred.




rule
Loss of the labiovelar series
  • Delabialisation of *gʷ → /g/ before round vowels (*ü,ö,u,o)
    • *gʷöris "man" → *göris → PM *köres (→ MHV köräs, AGY kiris)
  • *gʷ → /w/
    • *gʷapa "tone, pitch" → PM *wapa (→ MHV vapa)
    • *nigʷəm "nose" → *niwəm → PM *niwem (→ MHV nivem, AGY nĕvim)
  • kʷ → p
    • *kʷələ "time, occasion" → *pələ → PM *päRä (→ MHV pärä, AGY bar)
"Mahavic vowel shift": The PEM system of RTR vowel harmony is rearranged to a front-back system.
  • *i u ə o~ɵ → /i y æ e/
    • *šügə "cloud" → PM *šüjä (→ MHV šüyä, AGY şĕye-)
    • *gökti "hawk" → *gekti → PM *kekti (→ MHV kećći)
  • *ɪ ʊ a ɔ → /ɯ u ɑ o/
    • *suda "family" → PM *suða (→ MHV sula, AGY săzu-)
    • *kʷolı "meal" → PM *poRı (→ MHV porı)
Raising of high vowels in unstressed medial syllables
  • /i ɯ/ → [e ɤ] / VC_C
    • *dalıkın "limb-GEN" → *tarëkën (→ MHV toorëkın)
    • *kʷolı "meal-GEN" → *poRëkën (→ MHV porëkın)
ŋ → x / V_V*gʷaŋı- "to encircle" → *baxı- (→ MHV paa-)
x,ŋ → w / _{t,d,n,r,l,m,p,b}*mixtəti "rib" → *miwtäti (→ MHV miuteći)
*gʷaŋdıŋ "skull" → *wawjë (→ MHV vaivë)
V₁xV₂ → V₁:*gʷöxir "lake" → *göör (→ MHV kööl)
b d g → p t k / #_*bawaz "brow" → *pawaz (→ MHV pavar)
*gilti "bird" → *kilti (→ MHV kilći, AGY kĕrs-)
b d g → w ð ɣ ! {N,l,r,j,w}_*yuban "snowflake" → *yuwan (→ MHV yuvan)
*suda "family" → *suđa (→ MHV sula)
*mugı "hole" → *muɣı (→ MHV muu)
ɣ → j / _V[+front]*šügə "cloud" → *šüɣə → *šüjä (→ MHV süyä)
yw øw {ɯ,u}w {ɤ,o}w → y: ø: u: o: (sporadic)*gʷıxra → *wıwra → *wuura (→ MHV uura)
*ıxlı → *ıwlı > *uulı ~ *ıılı (→ AGY ur, but MHV *ıırı)
Vɣ → V:*mugı → *muɣı → *muu (→ MHV muu, AGY bu)
ð → j / m_, w_*imdə- "to return (something)" → *imjä (→ MHV ińńä, AGY ĕmje)
*gʷaŋda- "to enclose" → *wawða- → *wawja (→ MHV vaiva-)
deletion of {i,ɯ} in certain initial syllables:
{i,ɯ} → Ø / #s_{p,t,ć,č,k,kʷ}, #p_{s,t}
*sıtıxı → *stëë (→ MHV ttee)
*sikʷilti → *spelti → *ppelti (→ MHV ppelći)
*biskillə → *pskellä → *kkellä (→ MHV kkellä)
ŋ → Ø ! _{ŋ,k}*kəttiŋ → *kätteŋ → *kätte (→ MHV kätte, AGY keti-)
L-R neutralisation:
l r → R
*kalı- "walk" → *kaRë- (→ MHV koorë-, AGY qurı-)
*mızar "birch" → *mızaR (→ MHV mıral, AGY băzur)
initial cluster resolution:
(p)sp (p)st (p)sč (p)sć (p)sk ps pš pt → pp tt čč ćć kk ss šš tt / #_
*sıkalı → *skarı → *kkarı (→ MHV kkoorı)
*biskindiŋ → *pskendeŋ → *kkende (→ MHV kkende)
q → h*qazar "wolf" → *hazaR (→ AGY huzur)



ruleexample(s)
ɤ ɯ → ∅ /_#
ɤ ɯ → e i
NN → N
nʲ → j / #_
nʲ → ɲ
ŋ → g / #_{u,y}
ŋ → n / #_{a,o}
ŋ → ∅ / #_
ŋ → g / _#
ŋ → n
p → b / ! #_W
t → d / ! _e
tt → d / #_Vl ; _#
kk → x / _{e,i,r}
kk h → ʔ / _#
PP Pʰ → P
P → B
v → ∅ / #_
vʲ s → z / V_V
vʲ → v
vv vvʲ → ʒ
ʃ → s/ #_
ʃ → ʒ/ V_V
sʲ → ʃ / #_ ; _#
sʲ → s
t͡sʲ → t͡ʃ / #_
t͡sʲ → t͡s
lʲ → ʎ
VV → Vˤ
æ e ɑ o → e i o u (stressed syllables only)
V[+hi -rnd], W[-hi] → y / _X_
VˤV → VˤʔV
Comments (0)
Edit history
on 09/02/18 21:550severyremoved HSU lang code from tags
on 26/12/17 13:28+4visreeeee
on 19/11/16 04:47-21avaupd8
on 19/07/16 20:09-5avafuk
on 19/07/16 20:08+418avaupdates
on 11/05/16 21:52+393dendanafixed the tables so article isn't broken
on 02/05/16 15:430visoops forgot one lel
on 02/05/16 15:430visUpdating Koizan language codes
on 18/03/16 18:58+4avadasfgs
on 18/03/16 18:57+1655avaadded east mahavic changes
on 18/03/16 18:28+4avaliterally nothing
privacy | FAQs | rules | statistics | graphs | donate | api (indev)
Viewing CWS in: English | Time now is 10-Aug-20 01:35 | Δt: 93.43ms