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Hlung verbs scratchpad
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This public article was written by protondonor, and last updated on 15 Feb 2020, 01:09.

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(agent) - evidential/polarity - (applicative object - applicative) - (incorporated object) - patient or experiencer - tense - aspect - mood - stem - (adverbial interstitials)


intransitive subject of 1st or 2nd person is marked by the agent prefix.
intransitive subject of 3rd person is marked by the patient or experiencer prefix.

agent:
agent prefix harmonizes with the evidential/polarity prefix, if present. (if not, then with the beginning of the next harmony domain)
agent prefixes:
- ŋe - 1SG
- ma - 1EXCL
- ŋo - 1INCL
- ri - 2SG
- i - 2PL
- to - 3AN.SG
- ñe - 3INAN
- je - 3PL

evidential/polarity:
evidential/polarity prefixes do not harmonize.
- (null) - witnessed/direct, affirmative
- nạ - hearsay
- ñi - inferential
- pa - negative

applicatives:
applicative objects are either incorporated or marked by a classifier prefix. in either case they are also marked by a following prefix indicating the nature of the applicative. this prefix harmonizes with the incorporated object or classifier prefix.
applicative object prefixes:
- ŋe - 1SG
- ŋo - 1EXCL
- ma - 1INCL
- ri - 2SG
- i - 2PL
- (person)
- (animal)
- (thing)
- (multiple people)
- (multiple things)

TODO: morphemes for indicating benefactive, locative, and instrumental applicative types
- tahamuwi - without

patient or experiencer or incorporated object:
if there is no incorporated object, the patient/experiencer prefix harmonizes with the verb stem.
if there is an incorporated object, it constitutes its own harmony domain and is not coindexed by a patient/experiencer prefix.

patient/experiencer prefixes:
- n - 1SG
- ñu - 1EXCL
- ma - 1INCL
- rii - 2SG
- yi - 2PL
- tu - 3AN.SG
- in - 3INAN
- ja - 3PL

TAM affixes:
- (null) - present, indicative, imperfective
- ye - recent past
- dah - remote past
- ruw - remote future
- law - perfective
- so - subjunctive
- ław - conditional/potential
- saŋ - optative
- sek - desiderative
harmonize with the verb stem

TODO: derive affixes for remote future

adverbial interstitials:
TBD
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