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CTX.Extra Lesson: Romanisation
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Cikhton Keo
This public article was written by Cirton Historian, and last updated on 13 Sep 2020, 11:33.

This article is a work in progress! Check back later in case any changes have occurred.

So, as you may know, the Cirtunese Spelling on a Latin Keyboard doesn't work really well..
The romanisation, however, does work, though I don't use it as much.

Cikhton Keo

Here is the standard romanisation of all Cirtunese letters, a.k.a: Cikhton Keo.

Basic Vowels
Cirton Script IPA Latin Script
di /i/ [i]
de /ɛ/ [e]
da /a/ [a]
do /ɔ/ [o]
du /u/ [u]

Altered Vowels - 1 - Leveling
Cirton Script IPA Latin Script
di0 /ɨ/ [î] or [i0]
de0 /e/ [ê] or [i0]
da0 /ʌ/ [â] or [a0]
do0 /o/ [ô] or [o0]
du0 /ɯ/ [û] or [u0]

Altered Vowels - 2 - Possibility
Cirton Script IPA Latin Script
di9 /ĩ/ [ĩ] or [i9]
de9 /ẽ/ [ẽ] or [e9]
da9 /ã/ [ã] or [a9]
do9 /õ/ [õ] or [o9]
du9 /ũ/ [ũ] or [u9]

Altered Vowels 3 - Order
Cirton Script Environment Latin Script
di1 First [ì] or [i1]
di2 Last [í] or [i2]
de1 First [è] or [e1]
de2 Last [é] or [e2]
da1 First [à] or [a1]
da2 Last [á] or [a2]
do1 First [ò] or [u1]
do2 Last [ó] or [u2]
du1 First [ù] or [u1]
du2 Last [ú] or [u2]

Altered Vowels 4 - Tones or Stress
Cirton Script Environment Latin Script
di3 ˦˨ (High-Low) [i\] or [i3]
di8 ˨˦ (Low-High) [i/] or [i8]
de3 ˦˨ (High-Low) [e\] or [e3]
de8 ˨˦ (Low-High) [e/] or [e8]
da3 ˦˨ (High-Low) [a\] or [a3]
da8 ˨˦ (Low-High) [a/] or [a8]
do3 ˦˨ (High-Low) [o\] or [o3]
do8 ˨˦ (Low-High) [o/] or [o8]
du3 ˦˨ (High-Low) [u\] or [u3]
du8 ˨˦ (Low-High) [u/] or [u8]

Altered Vowels - 5 - Personality
Cirton Script IPA Latin Script
dyi /ji/ [ï] or [yi]
dye /je/ [ë] or [ye]
dya /ja/ [ä] or [ya]
dyo /jo/ [ö] or [yo]
dyu /ju/ [ü] or [yu]

Simple Consonants
For these specific examples, the consonants have no inherent vowel instead of the usual /a/.
Cirton Script IPA Latin Script
c /s/ [c]
n /n/ [n]
t /t/ [t]
r /r/ [r]
l /l/ [l]
s /ʃ/ [s]
h /χ/ [h]
k /k/ [k]
f /f/ [f]
z /t͡s/ [z]
v /θ/ [v]

Altered Consonants 1 - Voicing
Cirton Script IPA Latin Script
cq /z/ [c'] [cq]
nq /m/ [n'] [nq]
tq /d/ [t'] [tq]
rq /r/ [r'] [rq]
sq /ʒ/ [s'] [sq]
hq /ʁ/ [h'] [hq]
kq /g/ [k'] [kq]
fq /v/ [f'] [fq]
zq /d͡z/ [z'] [zq]
vq /ð/ [v'] [vq]

Altered Consonants 2 - Materialisation
Cirton Script IPA Latin Script
cp /s/.../g/ [cp] or [c]...[g]
np /pʰ/ [np] or [ph]
nq /p/ [nq] or [p]
tp /tʰ/ [tp] or [th]
rp /ɾ/.../g/ [rp] or [r]...[g]
sp /ʃ/.../g/ [sp] or [s]...[g]
hp /χ/.../g/ [hp] or [h]...[g]
kp /kʰ/ [kp] or [kh]
fp /f/.../g/ [fp] or [f]...[g]
zp /t͡s/.../g/ [zp] or [z]...[g]
vp /θ/.../g/ [vp] or [v]...[g]

For example, the word hp- for "seal" can be romanised as [hag] or [hpa], since its spelt as "hp" and pronounced as /χag/.

Affixing and Other Alterations

The writer may separate affixes to make some words more clear or nuanced:
- Both affixes may be separated from the Root and Theme with [-]
-- Example: bchjkemr- /ʔasχakɛɾɐ̆/ "The act of writing" can be spelt: [achaker], [ac-haker], [achake-r] or [ac-hake-r].

As a reference to the CTX spelling on a Latin keyboard, the writer may use these specifiers:
- Prefixes can be written with [b] before them
-- Ex.: [bachaker]
- Suffixes can be written with [m] before them
-- Ex.: [bachakemr]
- Superior letters / syllables can be specified with [j] after them
-- Ex.: [bachajkemr]

So, [achaker] may be spelt in many different ways: [ac-hake-r], [achajker], [ac-hakemr], and so on.
Every one of the aforementioned forms of spelling are right, but there is plenty of room for nuanced differences between them.

Upside-down Letters

In Cirtunese, Upside-down Letters may be used for a number of reasons.
For now, let's just keep in mind that the rule for spelling them is simple:
- Write [g] before a consonant to flip it.
-- Ex.: ha3-ke gl ha8-ke. /'χaakɛ ʎɐ̆ χa'akɛ/ "Writer and reader".
The gl- is spelt [gl]. Simple as that.

Inverted Words (or Negation)

The rules are also quite simple...
- Add [w] after the consonant or before the vowel.
-- Ex.: cwmr. /sʷaːɾɐ̆/ [cwar] "Is not."

Extra Notes

You might be asking: But if /ʁ/ is spelt as <hq>, then why is it called Cikhton Keo?
The simple answer is: because of an older spelling that I was using. Same goes for "Cirton".
The Cirtunese language is almost five years old now, and I figured it would be a nice touch if I kept some of the old spelling for some of the special words, as long as they're always being used.

aaaand that's the cau2-[caú] (end).
The current version of Cirtunese wasn't designed with romanisation in mind, so it was quite the challenge for me to come up with this... But I'm pretty much satisfied with the result.
I wanted something that wouldn't restrict the writer, nor would make a reader's work more difficult unnecessarily.
As a writer, I can choose between [car], [camr] or [ca-r]. However, those possibilities are based in the original CTX spelling, so they don't feel random for me, as a reader.
Of course, being in CWS, we can just use the tags "con=CTX"..."/con" :p
dyemN-fa hja8jkemr-A. /jɛn̩fa χa˨˦kɛɾɐ̆/ [Ëmn fa ha/ker]
"Thanks for reading!"

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