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Amazon [AMZ]
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Typology Functional 2,785 words
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Amazon
Laxiiccill
[laʂi:ɟiɬ]
Registered by Alcazar on 15 September 2016
Language type Artistic Language (Artlang)
Place & SpeakersAmazon is spoken by a population of 2,743 in Central and Eastern Europe.
Species Human/humanoid
About Amazon Amazon is the language of the Amazon People that live in a few isolated primeval forests of Central and Eastern Europe. This has lead to the development of several dialects. The dialect shown here is 'Western Amazon', which is the most commonly spoken Amazon dialect due to the continued prescence of the old-growth forests where the Amazon people live. It is also among the most studied Amazon dialect due to the relative friendliness of the western Amazon communities and the long history of interaction between the Amazons and the countries around their home. However, linguists fear that due to the isolation of Amazon communities from one-another and the continued integration of Western Culture and modernisation, even this dialect faces extinction.

▼ Amazon distribution

▼ Amazon Dialects


The Amazon language is one of the few remaining pre-Indo-European languages in Europe.* It was once believed to be related to Basque and the Vasconic languages but there is no clear evidence to support this and most linguists now accept that it has no living, if any, relatives. Amazon is also noteworthy for being the only language in Europe to be spoken by a tribal people. Other unusual features of Amazon are it's moderately large number of cases, distinction between POSSPossessive (case)
= GEN
and GENGenitive (case)
possessive
, 3 genders (animate, inanimate, abstract), use of ESSEssive (case)
'as, similar'
to express past tense and TEMPTemporal (case)
specifying time (at one, on Monday, etc.)
to express future tense and its use of the voiceless alveolar trill (contrasting plain and geminated) as well as 2 clicks, making it one of only 2 languages outside of Africa to use click consonants.*

*Within Universe
Sample of Amazon[view] Ji wug. / Ą ji ia wug i'icihux, ji wug kuuokupo, ji wugkuu.

This is a wug. / / Now there is another one, there are two of them, there are two wugs.
[view all texts]
Latest vocabulary
amcixinsystem
neaumignbasis
neaumignsupport
Sound samples in Amazon
Some sound samples of Amazon. Maximum of 6 shown. Click the links to see the full texts.
Amnhoxh kha pwe'õ, ą vozitiõ, ufu amapaxhill xija 'õ.
I spit on everyone, I drive where I want
Language family relationships
Language treeIsolates
 ⤷ Isolate languages
  ⤷  Amazon
[view] About IsolatesThis is a family for isolate languages.
[view] Laxiiccill (Eastern Amazon)Spoken in the eastern portion of the Amazons' range (Ukraine, Moldova and Romania)
[view] Λαχηηγηλς (Greek Amazon)Λαχηηγηλς, transcribed as Laxiigyill, is pronounced [lɑɕi:gʲiɬ]

Spoken in Greece. More commonly written with Greek alphabet. Quite different to Standard Amazon due to centuries of influence from Greek and Latin.
[view] Laxxiiccill (Polish Amazon)Spoken by about 135 people in Białoweza Forest on the Poland/Belarus border.
Laxxiiccill is pronounced as /laʃ.ʃi:gʲiç/ in Polish Amazon.
[view] Laxiiccill (Southern Amazon)No summary available for this dialect.
[view] Laşiiggill (Turkish Amazon)Laşiiggill is pronounced /laʃi:ɟiɫ/

Spoken in Turkey. Significantly different to Standard Amazon due to its isolation from the other dialects and centuries of Turkish influence.
Phonology
ConsonantsBilabialDentalAlveolarRetroflexPalatalLabio-
velar
VelarUvularGlottal
Nasal     ɳ     ŋ    
Plosive p     ʈ ɖ c ɟ   [k]1 g q ʔ
Fricative ɸ β β:   z z: ʂ ʐ ʐ: [ç]2     χ3 h ɦ
Affricate     t͡s t͡s: ʈʂ          
Lateral approximant     l l̥   ʎ   ʟ4    
Lateral fricative     ɬ ɮ            
Approximant         j5 w6      
Trill     r̥:7 r̥8            
Click   ǀ ǀ̃ ǃ ǃ̃            
Blends ʂp
  1. Syllable finally, allophone of /q/
  2. Syllable finally, allophone of /j/
  3. Also allophone of syllable final /h/
  4. Archaic, being replaced by /l/
  5. May be weakly fricated [ʝ] in onset position
  6. May be realised as [ʍ] after voiceless stops
  7. Voiced after /g ɖ/
  8. Voiced after /g ɖ/
VowelsFrontCentralBack
Close i i: ĩ   u u: ũ
Close-mid   ɘ1 ɘ:2 ɵ3 ɵ:4 o õ
Open-mid     ɔ ɔ: ɔ̃
Open a a: ã   ɑ:5
Polyphthongs ao̯ aɔ̯ au̯
  1. Realised as [ə] by some speakers or in unstressed syllables
  2. Realised as [ə:] by some speakers or in unstressed syllables
  3. Also realised as [ʊ]
  4. Also realised as [ʊ:]
  5. Also realised as [ɐ:]
Syllable Structure(ʂ)(C)(A)V(V)(O)

C = Consonant
A = Approximant, /r̥ r̥:/
V = Vowel
O = Obstruent

Only stops and /ʂ/ may cluster and only with an approximant or trill (/ʂ/ may only cluster with /l l̥ ʟ j p/). Palatal consonants /c ɟ ʎ/ can't cluster, although /j/ can.
Geminate consonants may only occur in onset position word medially, although historic loss of unstressed vowels has resulted in a few exceptions such as "azzwa" /az:wa:/
Only obstruents (stop, affricate, fricative) and nasals may be in coda position. Two consonants change when in coda: /h/ -> [χ] and /j/ -> [ç]. When preceding a vowel within the same word, these revert back to their normal forms. /ɦ/ is not allowed to be in coda.
Stress informationStress in Amazon is non-phonemic but is usually on the second syllable of a 3+ syllable word. In monosyllabic and disyllabic words, the stress is initial.
OtherVowels and diphthongs are lengthened when word-final or when they're the only phone in a word.

Front vowels become nasalised when succeeded by a nasal stop or click, whilst back vowels become nasalised when preceded by a nasal stop or click

When the collective prefix 'am-' meets a nasal stop or click, the /m/ is dropped. In some dialects, this results in lengthening of the /a ã/ to [a: ã:] although the long nasal vowel only occurs in Polish Amazon.

E.g: amnho = [ãŋõ:] NOT [ãm̥ŋõ:]
Orthography
Below is the orthography for Amazon. This includes all graphemes as defined in the language's phonology settings - excluding the non-distinct graphemes/polygraphs.
 AmazonOrthography
'
'a
/ʔ/
Aa
a
/a/
Ąą
ą
/ɑ:/1
Cc
ca
/c/
Cc cc
cca
/ɟ/
Dd
da
/ɖ/
Ee
e
/ɘ/2
Ff
fa
/ɸ/
Gg
ga
/g/
Hh
ha
/h/
Hh hh
hha
/ɦ/
Ii
i
/i/
Jj
ja
/ʐ/
Kk
ka
/ǀ/
Kh kh
kha
/ǃ/
Ll
la
/l/
Łł
ła
/l̥/
Lh lh
lha
/ʟ/3
Ll ll
lla
/ɬ/
Lj lj
alj
/ɮ/
Mm
am
/m̥/
Nn
an
/ɳ/
Nh nh
anh
/ŋ/
Nk nk
/ǀ̃/
Nkh nkh
/ǃ̃/
Oo
o
/o/
Ǫǫ
ǫ
/ɔ/
Pp
pa
/p/
Qq
qaq
/q/, [k]4
Rr
ra
/r̥/5
Tt
ta
/ʈ/
Tx tx
txa
/ʈʂ/
Tz tz
atz
/t͡s/
Uu
u
/u/
Ųų
ų
/ɵ/6
Vv
va
/β/
Ww
wa
/w/7
Xx
ax
/ʂ/
Xh xh
axh
/χ/8
Yy
yay
/j/9, [ç]10
Yl yl
yla
/ʎ/
Zz
zat
/z/
✔ Shown in correct order
  1. Also realised as [ɐ:]
  2. Realised as [ə] by some speakers or in unstressed syllables
  3. Archaic, being replaced by /l/
  4. Syllable finally
  5. Voiced after /g ɖ/
  6. Also realised as [ʊ]
  7. May be realised as [ʍ] after voiceless stops
  8. Also allophone of syllable final /h/
  9. May be weakly fricated [ʝ] in onset position
  10. Syllable finally
Additional NotesThis orthography was created in 1997 by linguists from England and Croatia who modelled it on Basque orthography (Basque was believed to be related). It replaced the first official Amazon orthography that was created by the Polish ethnologist and linguist Czesław Gniewek (fictional) that was heavily based on Polish.
Latest 8 related articles listed below.
Amazon phrases and idioms
Do you resemble the flowing river?
03-Nov-17 23:11
Grammar
Amii'aumix
02-Nov-17 23:28
The Genitive and the Possessive
Inalienable vs Alienable possession as well as the Amazon So...
11-Aug-17 16:32
Phonology and Orthography
Amlãxici ii Pomaǫ̃wizaaprų
11-Aug-17 16:10
Loanwords
The long and messy history of Amazon loans
25-Apr-17 18:10
Dialects
Malaxiiccitx
06-Apr-17 12:22
Directional Verbs
To go vs To leave
15-Feb-17 22:13
Typological information for Amazon

GendersOther
Morphological typologySynthetic
Morphosyntactic alignmentErgative/Absolutive
Primary word orderOSV
Pronoun dropping?Yes

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