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Ov [BHO]
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LotM Winner Typology Functional 6,551 words
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Ov
Yhngnäś
[yːŋ͡næs]*
Registered by Orikrin on 21 July 2017
+ shared with: MultiNET, Drazelior
Language type Artistic Language (Artlang)
Species Human/humanoid
About Ov
Płiłäb örvähstikit Yhngnäś kgä!
Płiłäb örvähstikit Yhngnäś kgä !
/pçɪçæb ʏrvæːɕtɪkɪt yːŋ͡næs kæ/
Welcome to the page about Ov!


To know everything there is to know about Ov, make sure you read the thread for news and some info and the articles for even more info, especially this on the verbal system. You can also have a look at  Ov + 8 centuries.



Thanks @kwiatowa for the flag. <3


Facts

Orthography:

The orthography distinguishes <k> and <kg>, <c> and <cc> etc. because the latter ones used to be ejectives. <pl> and <bl> are /ɫ/ by simplification from the proto-plosives, which were later velarized.

Grammar:
- VSO;
- strongly verb-initial to the point that you can have fully verbal clauses;
- simple PST/PRE/PST tense system, no "soft auxiliaries" like "would, should" etc.;
- infixing conjugations;
- auxiliaries and relative clauses trigger subjunctive;
- synthetic passive voice;
- no perfectivity;
- usually null-derivating nouns from verbs;
- marked ergative, occasionally marked absolutive (on animate transitive objects, using a vocalic shift);
- six declensions: BENBenefactive (case)
recipient of benefit
, INSInstrumental (case)
'with', 'using'
, GENGenitive (case)
possessive
, INEInessive (case)
'inside'
, ECTSEctessive (case)
outside of
, LOCLocative (case)
'in, on, at' etc
;
- four numbers: SGSingular (number)
one countable entity
, PLPlural (number)
more than one/few
, INDIDIndefinite ideal (class)
word pertains to an indefinite (a/an/any) ideal or concept of something
, TOTTotal
all/every
;
- plural pronouns have INDID and TOT forms for the following uses : 1PLUnknown code-INDIDIndefinite ideal (class)
word pertains to an indefinite (a/an/any) ideal or concept of something
= 'any of us' ; 1PLUnknown code-TOTTotal
all/every
= 'all of us'.

Particularities:
- Infixing ;
- occasional satellite framing (although the satellite usually sticks around its verb unless there is a pronoun or a negator in between) ;
- plural reduplicates the last vowel of the word, and so do some verbal forms but the infixes don't count.

First ever draft of the phono:
Sample of Ov[view] Zwëit stelsar tor kgviosztin tdszaun zëw.

Look both ways before you cross the street.
[view all texts]
Latest vocabulary
kënkennemergency
kendranvqueue
kendrannqueue
Sound samples in Ov
Some sound samples of Ov. Maximum of 6 shown. Click the links to see the full texts.
Iniócis caivösös vyhn saivötör svorś.
I wanted to know whether he had witnessed the theft or not.
Ninalar Ieszuś vrauër ułlea saivois paivarngnäst iw.
Jesus died on a cross so I could quit my job.
Iócos moís ea łrob ëlkën pir.
I want someone to eat cheese with me.
Ingnokir zainnusar kgäipi engnora möknä mohroë.
The world shall bring me much glory.
Un ënkggäi. Us kgäit maszz iócnon säi, faiër?
You're the un-me. I'm the real me you wanna be, me?
Tsnënkinän caivíelis płi?
Why didn't you tell me I love you?
Language family relationships
Language treeOkharian
 ⤷  Proto-Ov
  ⤷ Upper Okharian
   ⤷ Old Ov
    ⤷ Middle Ov
     ⤷  Ov
[view] About OkharianMain language family of Allwanduir.
Phonology
ConsonantsBilabialLabio-
dental
DentalAlveolarAlveolo-
palatal
PalatalLabio-
velar
VelarOther
Nasal m     n   [ɲ]1   ŋ  
Plosive p b     t d       k g  
Fricative   f v θ [ð]2 s ɕ [ç]3   x [ɣ]4  
Affricate         t͡ɕ       [t͡ɬ]5
Lateral approximant       l         ɫ̪
Lateral fricative       [ɬ]6          
Approximant           [j]7 [w]8    
Trill       r          
Flap       [ɾ̝]9          
  1. Before /ç/, allophone of /n/
  2. Before /r/, allophone of /d/
  3. After a front vowel (except in <rł>) or <p>, allophone of /x/
  4. Intervocallically or before /r/, word-initially or word-finally, allophone of /g/
  5. Allophone of /sɬ/ or /ɬs/
  6. In _s_|_ɕ_|t͡ɕ_|_l, allophone of /θ/
  7. In contact with a vowel, allophone of /ɪ/
  8. In contact with a vowel, allophone of /u/
  9. Widespread, often in free variation, allophone of /r/
VowelsFrontNear-
front
Back
Close i: y:   u u:
Near-close   ɪ ʏ  
Close-mid e: e̞   ɤ o: o̞
Near-open æ æ:    
Open     ɑ ɑ:
Orthography
Below is the orthography for Ov. This includes all graphemes as defined in the language's phonology settings - excluding the non-distinct graphemes/polygraphs.
 OvOrthography
Mm
Mm
/m/, [ŋ]1, [ɲ]2
Nn
Nn
/n/, [m]3, [ŋ]4, [ɲ]5
Pp
Pp
/p/
Bb
Bb
/b/
Ff
Ff
/f/
Vv
Vv
/v/
Tt
Tt
/t/
Dd
Dd
/d/, [ð]6
Cc
Cc
/θ/, [ɬ]7
Rr
Rr
/r/, [ɾ̝]8
Śś
Śś
/s/
Ss
Ss
/ɕ/
Zz
Zz
/t͡ɕ/
Ll
Ll
/l/
Kk
Kk
/k/
Gg
Gg
/g/, [ɣ]9
Ww
Ww
/v/
Aa
Aa
/ɑ/
Ää
Ää
/æ/
Ee
Ee
/e̞/
Éé
Éé
/e:/
Ëë
Ëë
/ɪ/
Ii
Ii
/ɪ/, [j]10
Íí
Íí
/i:/
Oo
Oo
/o̞/
Óó
Óó
/o:/
Öö
Öö
/ʏ/
Uu
Uu
/u/, [w]11
Yy
Yy
/ʏ/
Hh
Hh
/:/
Łł
Łł
/x/, [ç]12
✔ Shown in correct order
  1. Before /g,k/
  2. Before /ç/
  3. Before a bilabial plosive
  4. Before /g,k/
  5. Before /ç/
  6. Before /r/
  7. In _s_|_ɕ_|t͡ɕ_|_l
  8. Widespread, often in free variation
  9. Intervocallically or before /r/, word-initially or word-finally
  10. In contact with a vowel
  11. In contact with a vowel
  12. After a front vowel (except in <rł>) or <p>
Latest 8 related articles listed below.
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This article sums up the evolution of Ov and Shkenzi from Pr...
16-Apr-19 11:21
LotM - Nov 18: Ov
It's November and Orikrin's BHO is our language of the month...
03-Nov-18 04:52
Lessons (9)
1Syntax and morphosyntax
2Noun and adjective morphology
3Verb morphology
4Counting and dates
5Advanced grammar
6Phonology
7Additional details and rarities
8Irregularities
9Forming words
Typological information for Ov

Adposition head-directionalityHead final
Animacy distinctionsAnimate/Inanimate
ToneSimple tone system (2 level tones)

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